San Jose Parish Organizations

Table of Contents

4.1 Adult Women's Groups

4.2 Altar Society

4.3 Catholic Adult Organization

4.4 Catholic Youth Organization

4.5 Catholic War Veterans

4.6 Cursillistas

4.7 Hijas de María

4.8 Juventud Católica

4.9 Knights of Columbus Council 10148

4.10 Legion of Mary

4.11 Matachines

4.12 Men's Club

4.13 Moviemiento Familiar

4.14 Parent Teacher Association

4.15 St. Vincent De Paul

4.16a Guadalupanas Breakfasts and meals

4.16b Guadalupanas Donations and gifts

4.16c Guadalupanas Fiestas

4.16d Guadalupanas Las Mañanitas

4.16e Guadalupanas Meetings

4.16f Guadalupanas Tamalada

4.17a Socios 1939-1959

4.17b Socios 1960-1979

4.1

Women's Groups

The San José Society

In the San Jose Church Photo Archives is a photocopy of a snapshot and a note written by Ysidra A. Uriegas. The snapshot shows Rev. Mendez in the traditional black habit of a priest with twelve women and one child standing in the side yard of first San José Church on W. Mary Street. The photograph was made between 1945 and 1948. The note contains the following information (210).

In 1945, Rev. Mendez organized twelve newly wed wives of soldiers into the San José Society. The first President was Isidra A. Uriegas. The other members were Mrs. Georgia Lucy Ramos, Hortensia Hinojosa, Hattie Calderon, Concha De Leon, Amelia Resas, Consuelo López, Celia Guerra, Camille Pinedo, Angelina López and Lupe Álvarez. At that time, the church owned a wooden building at the corner of Live Oak and S. 2nd Street and the San Jose Society met there. Their fundraisers were Bonco parties at 25 cents per game.

The activities of the San Jose Society included helping the Guadalupanas in the kitchen. The Guadalupanas were older women who prepared and served food for parish-wide events. The menu usually included tamales, menudo, tacos and enchiladas. The San José Society sponsored entertainment for the Jamaicas or fiestas that were organized by the Guadalupanas. They recruited volunteers from among the young people of the parish to sing and dance at the Jamaicas. Older ladies taught the youngsters traditional Mexicans songs and dances which they performed on stage.

The San José Society also helped at the bingos held in the San José parish hall. The note written by Mrs. Uriegas says that in 1945 the Bingo Chairmen were Joe Uriegas, Ramón De Leon and Peter Rivera (210). The women of the San José Society must have helped at the bingo games held in the wooden barracks that served as the parish hall until the San José Community Center was built in 1968. Prior to 1962, these games took place on Sunday night. The ladies of the San José Society sold pork roast tacos for three for $1. They also sold coffee, pastries, popcorn and sodas.

The note says that the San José Society also helped sell bricks for the Brick Project to fund the 2nd church on Oak Crest Street. It is unknown where the bricks were placed. Construction on the second San José Church began in July 1955 so the Society must have still existed in 1955. There is no mention of the San José Society in the Sunday Bulletins. The Sunday Bulletins were not published until December 1960 so the San José Society probably ceased to exist sometime prior December 1960.

The names of two of the women listed as founding members of the San José Society in 1945 (Amelia Resas and Celia Guerra) are found on lists of Guadalupanas made after 1960 and three of the women (Amelia Resas, Lupe Álvarez and Isidra Uriegas) appear on the rolls of the Ladies Auxiliary of the Catholic War Veterans Post 1085 in 1965 or 1966 (223:02/14/1965) (223:09/10/1967).

Women's Night Out

In the fall of 1963, the women of the church were invited to attend a women's only event at Tuesday night at 7:00PM. Their husbands were expected to stay home with the children. These events continued until 1965 on an occasional basis. On January 11, 1964 women were invited to bring food for supper and a style show. It was announced as a Mardi Gras Fiesta (223:02/09/64). By April, the event was called Get-Together for Women (223:04/26/64). The last known Get-Together for Women of San José was on Thursday, March 4, 1965. All women were invited to an event that started at 7:00PM (223:02/28/65).

In July 1990, Sherry Joseph, the wife of Deacon George Joseph, announced the formation of a Women's Co-Dependency Support Group to meet in the school on Tuesday at 7:45PM (223:01/07/1990). Deacon George Joseph formed a Men's Co-Dependency Support Group that also met on Tuesday at 7:45PM. Co-dependency was defined in the Sunday Bulletin (223:08/07/1990). In September both groups changed their meeting time and place to 7PM in the school (223:09/09/1990). The Women's Co-dependency Group continued to meet until December 8, 1991 (08/12/1991).

In the fall of 1991, two new groups, an Alcohol Anonymous group and the Back to Life Support Group, were organized. It is not clear if the "Back to Life" support group was a continuation of the co-dependency and AA groups or if it addressed the needs of a new group of parishioners. The pastor said, "People experiencing grief of any kind were invited, including Divorce, conflicts in your marriage, dealing with raising children as a single parents" (223:19/01/1992). It was a co-ed group.

4.2

Altar Society

An altar society is a group of laypersons who maintain the ceremonial objects used in worship. It is a sodality and also a liturgical ministry. Membership is usually open to all women 18 years or age or older. The sodality may have by-laws that state the purpose of the society. In addition to assisting in church functions as do all sodalities, the specific purpose of the society is to take care of the needs of the church altar and sacristy. This includes the altar wine and hosts, care and cleaning of the vestments, server robes, purificators and altar linens, candles, flowers and other furnishings.

According to the website of San José Parish, the mission of the Altar Society at San José Church is to serve God by caring for the altar needs of the Church. It maintains all altar linens and priestly vestments. It prepares and decorates the main altar of the Church for special liturgical celebrations such as Advent, Christmas, Lent, Holy Week, Easter and Pentecost. The group meets before major holidays at the call of the group's leader. In 1940, a similar group called the Sanctuary Society donated $20 to the church (1).

An Altar Society was organized at San José Church in March 1975. An announcement in the Sunday Bulletin announced the formation of an Altar Society with María Soliz and Herlinda Solis as its organizers (223:23/03/75). In 1975, the Sunday Bulletin was printed only in English without any attempt to translate any portion into Spanish. However, the following week, the Altar Society placed an announcement in the Sunday Bulletin in Spanish seeking members (223:30/03/75). In April, the Altar Society had its first meeting in the CCD Center. It was a Spanish speaking group (223:27/04/75).

Between 1987 and 1992, María Galvan was the sacristan. She was in charge of the sacristy and its contents. María Pérez washed the altar linens weekly and did other small jobs of this nature (223:05/07/1987). In July 1989, she provided the speaker covers for the new church (223:23/07/1989) and, in 1992, made curtains for the Sacred Heart Chapel. She continued to faithfully wash and iron the many purificators used at Mass every week (223:03/05/1992). A purificator is a white linen cloth used to wipe the chalice after each communicant partakes of the wine changed into blood. It is also used to wipe the chalice and paten following Communion. 

4.3

Catholic Adult Organization

Membership in the Catholic Youth Organization was open to high school students and young adults (209). When the young people of San José grew up and left school, some were reluctant to join existing adult organizations such as the Guadalupanas and the Socios. Those organizations were dominated by entrenched leaders who were often unwilling to relinquish control. The Guadalupanas and Socios, in particular, retained Mexican traditions and usages that were unfamiliar to children who came of age in the 1970s. As a result, some young adults at San José formed another organization called the Catholic Adult Organization (58). The Catholic Adult Organization was modeled after the Catholic Youth Organization with which the young adults were familiar.

The Catholic Adult Organization first appeared in December 1978. The Sunday Bulletin announced that its meetings were held on Wednesday evenings at the home of Frank and Mary Gonzales (223:03/12/78). Later, the group met every two weeks on Tuesday or Wednesday at the home of its members until the end of January when it was decided to move the meetings to 1:30PM on Sunday at the San José School (223:07/01/79) (223:28/01/79) (223:04/02/79) (223:01/04/79).

In September 1981, the C.A.O. sponsored a King or Queen candidate for the Fall Fiesta (223:20/09/1981) and operated a booth selling hamburgers at the Fall Fair on November 1 (223: 01/11/1981). Rudy Duran was listed as the contact person for the Catholic Adult Organization in 1981, 1982 and 1983 (223:07/06/1981) (223:27/06/82) (223:02/01/1983). The organization was dormant between 1983 and 1986.

V.I.G.I.L.

When the organization of Young Adults reappeared in the fall of 1986, it was called either Young Adults of San José or V.I.G.I.L. (223:03/05/1987). A few years previously, the pastor, Rev. Fred Underwood, had organized the youth into affinity groups called Y.E.S., L.I.F.E. and J.O.Y. Each group wore a distinctive tee-shirt (in place of the insignia worn by more traditional sodalities). Probably for this reason, the Catholic Adults adopted V.I.G.I.L. as their insignia. V.I.G.I.L. was probably an acronym. (J.O.Y. is an acronym for Jesus Our Yearning).

V.I.G.I.L. was a discussion group. It met every Thursday from 7:00PM or 7:30PM until 9:00PM in the school building (223:14/09/1986) (223:04/01/1987) (223:04/10/1987). V.I.G.I.L. met at the same time as the prayer meeting in the church that was led by Francis Treviño. V.I.G.I.L. may have originated in the young adult prayer meeting that previously met at that time (223:03/05/1987).

On May 7, 1987, Carlos Coronado was invited to address the group (223:10/05/1987). Carlos Coronado was a long-time employee of the church who worked as a counselor. He was invited back in August (223:16/08/1987). Rev. Charles Van Winkle, C.S.C., was invited to discuss, "The True Nature of Love" (223:02/08/1987). Fr. Van Winkle is an author and inspiration speaker who lives at St. Edward's University.

In addition to scripture sharing and discussion, the Young Adults sponsored volley ball games during the summer months (223:10/05/1987) and helped at the Austin Food Bank (223:12/07/1987). It actively recruited new members (223:15/11/1987) and encouraged them to become involved in their community. V.I.G.I.L. members helped Blue Santa wrap gifts for the needy (223:06/12/1987) and in December took Polaroid pictures of children with Santa in the Community Center (223:06/12/1987). The group sold Christmas Cookie Care Packages after each morning Mass on December 6 to benefit the building fund for the new church (223:06/12/1987).

Beginning on February 21, 1988, VIGIL Young Adult Group began meeting from 7:00PM until 9:00PM on Thursday in Room 2-B in the school building. The group met every week at that time and location for the remainder of 1988 (223). VIGIL sponsored a kids' fun day for children aged 6 to 12 on Saturday afternoon, July 23 at the Community Center (223:17/07/1988).

In December 1988, VIGIL Young Adults met on Thursday at 7:00PM. They invited young people to help wrap gifts for Blue Santa on Saturday, December 10, from 10:00AM to 3:00PM. An insurance waiver will be required because it involved a trip. The waivers were available in the church foyer the week before (223:04/12/1988). The Young Adults sponsored a visit by Santa on December 18 in the old church (223:11/12/1988).

VIGIL met on Thursday at 7:00PM in the old church until April 13, 1989. The next week the time slot was occupied by the teaching portion of the 7:20PM Prayer Meeting that always met on Thursday nights. The Mass was moved to 8:00PM with a healing service at 8:30PM. Somewhere in this process, VIGIL disappeared, apparently absorbed into the prayer meeting (223:16/04/1989).

Divorced and Single Parents

Divorced/Single Parents was a separate group that met on Monday evening at 7:30PM in the school beginning in March 1987 (223:13/09/1987). San José Parish held an Open House for Single and Divorced Parents (223:29/03/1987) in March. As a result of that outreach, a group called Divorced and Single Parents (223:12/04/1987) was created. The group held its organizational meeting on Monday, April 13 in the Religious Education Center (the school building) to elect officers. Membership was open to single parents, those who were divorced, separated and widowed and single Catholics over the age of 30 (223: 22/11/1987). In a time when every organization had its acronym, the group was known as S.C.O.T.S. (223: 21/02/1988).

The group very sensibly arranged from babysitting during their Monday evening meetings. The baby setters were available for $0.50 per hour per child from 7:30PM until 9:00PM (223:07/06/1987). The group organized a picnic on Sunday, June 28 that was well attended (223:05/07/1987). In December the group invited all single, divorced and separated parents, widows and single Catholics over age 30 to a healing prayer service in the school after the 7:00PM Wednesday Mass (223: 22/11/1987). They invited a speaker from the Austin Diocese to their meeting on February 1988 (223: 21/02/1988) (223: 03/04/1988) and sponsored parenting classes in English and Spanish (223:26/06/1988).

Membership List of the Catholic Adult Organization, 1979-1983

Gonzales, Frank, 1979 C.A.O.

Gonzales, Mary, 1979 Secretary-Treasurer, C.A.O.

Álvarez, Tom, 1979 Vice-President, C.A.O.

Mireles, Steve, 1979 C.A.O.

Mireles, Mary, 1979 C.A.O.

Saenz, Beeda, 1979 President, C.A.O.

Duran, Rudy, 1981, 1982, 1983 C.A.O.

4.4

Catholic Youth Organization

The first Catholic Youth Organization (C.Y.O.) was formed by Bishop Bernard Sheil of Chicago in 1930 as an athletic association. Its purpose was to keep young men from engaging in criminal activity. Under Archbishop George Cardinal Mundelein, a core principal of C.Y.O. was to not discriminate on the basis of gender and the C.Y.O. became known for its highly competitive athletic contests for both boys and girls (CYO website).

The C.Y.O. was never a national organization. It was organized at the Diocesan level. Each Diocesan C.Y.O. was completely autonomous (Encyclopeadia Britannica). In 1957, the Diocese of Austin sponsored its first Diocesan Catholic Youth Conference (DCYC) (Diocesan Catholic Youth Conference website). Subsequently, twenty-seven C.Y.O. clubs were organized at various parishes of the Diocese, including one at San José (213).

A few dioceses in the United States still have C.Y.O. clubs, including the Archdiocese of San Antonio and the Diocese of Laredo. The C.Y.O. in San Antonio is a sports organization. The parent organization in the Diocese of Austin, the Diocesan DCYC, also still exists but not as a sports organization. The 60th Diocese of Austin DCYC took place in Waco, Texas in February 2018. Attendance was expected to be 2,800 persons (Diocesan Catholic Youth Conference website). The San José C.Y.O. club disappeared after 1984. It was replaced by various youth groups and, later, a Youth Support Group.

CYO begun, 1960-1961

According to Pete Castillo, in the early 1960s, most of the teenage parishioners of San José Church attended Fulmore Junior High and Travis High School. Other than the CCD or Religious Education classes they were all required to attend, there was no contemporary parish organization specifically for teenagers. The Hijas de Maria were still active in 1961 but consisted of grade school girls (223:05/07/61). There was also a small group of Boys Scouts (223:03/19/61). The traditional young men's group, Joventud Catolica, ceased to exist at San José Church sometime prior to 1960.

A group of teenagers and their parents proposed that the young people of San Jose would benefit from a C.Y.O. club. They proposed the idea to the pastor. The pastor initially opposed the idea but, with the encouragement of the Diocese DCYC, he agreed to organize a C.Y.O. in 1960 or 1961 (193).

The C.Y.O. was not a social club although it had social fiestas. C.Y.O. was a sodality whose main purpose was to promote religion or the spiritual life. In the C.Y.O., the youth learned obedience to God and parents (223:12/23/62). Its purpose was to provide wholesome and healthful recreational activities for the physical and spiritual well-being of the youth. Meetings were initially held once a week on Thursday (223:06/09/63) evenings and later on Mondays (223:07/16/67).

Although C.Y.O. had a priest who served as its moderator and adult volunteer sponsors who offered direction and guidance, the youth were totally responsible for carrying out their duties and responsibilities. Membership was open to high school students and young adults (209). Four or five members were elected to serve as officers. The officers, usually a President, Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer and later, a Sergeant at Arms, were elected in May (223:05/06/62) or August (223:08/09/70) of each year.

CYO Softball, 1961-1962

San José C.Y.O. fielded a softball team in 1961. The team needed money to pay the entry fees of the Austin League so parishioners were invited to a breakfast after Sunday Mass that was for the benefit of the softball team (223:04/16/61). In the summer of 1962, the San Jose softball team was in first place in their league after the first half of the season (223:07/29/62).

Other sports, 1963-1965

The number of sports teams sponsored by San José C.Y.O. varied over the years. In 1963, Sam Guerra coached a boys' basketball team (223:03/03/63). The next year, a baseball team, known as the San José Champions, was formed to play against teams from other Austin Catholic Churches, such as Dolores and Guadalupe (223:05/17/64). The games were on Sunday afternoons (223:01/26/64).

San José C.Y.O. sports teams occasionally had winning seasons. The baseball team and two other teams from San José won championships in 1964 (223:06/14/64). The San José Hawks boys' baseball team won the first half championship in the spring of 1965 (223:05/30/65). The C.Y.O. boys' softball team won the Austin District Championship in 1969 but lost the Diocesan championship game to Brenham (223:07/13/69). In the fall of the year, the boys' flag-football and the girls' volleyball teams competed in the inter-parochial league against teams from other churches (223:10/03/65).

CYO dances, 1966

Of the two hundred or so high school students registered at San José in 1968, forty or fifty attended the weekly C.Y.O. meetings (223:01/14/68). In May 1966, San José C.Y.O. had 56 card-carrying members (223:08/05/66) (223:02/18/68). Not all of the C.Y.O. members played on a sports team and the group sponsored numerous other activities. Like other San José sodalities, the group raised money by selling cakes and other baked goods (223:02/16/64) (223:02/11/68) (223:07/21/68) (223:01/18/70).

The C.Y.O. District sponsored dances in a different venue about once every three months. The dances were usually in a parish hall (223:01/23/66) but were also held at the Newman Center at the University of Texas (223:08/20/67), at St. Edward's University (223:11/12/67) and at the Knights of Columbus Hall in Zilker Park. The cost was often $0.75 or $1.00 with a C.Y.O. card and $1.25 without or $1.50 per couple (223:04/07/68).

San José C.Y.O. also sponsored dances with live bands in the San José Community Center (223:07/07/68) (223:10/05/69) and record hops in the San José School (223:07/06/69). In March 1968, the parish C.Y.O. staged a talent show (223:03/17/68) and on Friday, October 31 1969, the C.Y.O. sponsored an invitation only Halloween Party in the Youth Center from 8:00PM to 1:00AM (223:10/26/69). Like most youth events at San José, the price of entry was low (223:03/17/68). Tickets for C.Y.O. dances were typically $1.50 per person (223:10/05/69).

The C.Y.O. encouraged its members to participate in religious life. In January 1967, Fr. Houser challenged the members of C.Y.O. to make a Holy Hour on First Friday, to assist at Mass as servers and to receive Holy Communion weekly (223:01/22/67). In December 1965, individual members of the C.Y.O. and Cursillistas worked many hours decorating the Church (223:12/26/65) and, in 1967, C.Y.O. members offered to baby sit small children in the school during the 10:00AM Mass beginning on July 30, 1967 (223:07/23/67). On July 21, 1969, the weekly C.Y.O. meeting was cancelled because all the boys were expected to work on repairs to the Youth Recreation Center, the old hall barrack (223:07/13/69). C.Y.O. members also helped out with the adult education classes on Tuesday and Wednesday where English as a Second Language was taught (223:02/18/68).

CYO's Golden Age, 1967

While Rev. Michael (Mike) Mikan, C.S.C. was Assistant Pastor, from 1967 until 1975, youth activities at San Jose Church were said to have entered a "Golden Age" (12). C.Y.O. met Monday nights at 7:30PM following CCD classes (223:07/16/67) and Fr. Mikan expected 40-50 students to attend each meetings (223:01/14/68). Rev. Haley told a reporter that that C.Y.O. was among the seventh largest organizations at San José Church (122).

San José C.Y.O. members were also active in the Diocesan DCYC, the annual diocesan youth convention. In 1967, eleven students from San José attended the Diocesan Convention (223:07/30/67) and sixteen attended the convention in 1969 (213). In December 1967, three C.Y.O. members from San José ran for offices in the District C.Y.O. (223:12/03/67) and Miss Beede Saenz of San José was elected President of the Austin District C.Y.O. (213).

Youth Center, 1970

CCD classes in the school at 7:00PM were followed by meetings of C.Y.O. at 8:00PM in the new Youth Center (233:03/01/70) (223:04/05/70). The Youth Center was located in a barrack that had been renovated the previous fall by the men and boys of the parish for that purpose. Fifty to sixty young people attended the meetings and participated in the club's activities in 1970 (223:04/26/70). C.Y.O. sponsored a dance in June and made a profit of $246 (213). The club had $500 in the bank (223:04/26/70) and was able to pay for a picnic at City Park and a trip to Six Flags for 50 of its members (223: 26/01/70) (223:08/02/70). In 1970, the San José boys' baseball team was the defending league champions (213) (223:04/26/70).

In July, the San José C.Y.O. club was voted "the best club of 1969" by the twenty-seven C.Y.O. clubs in the Diocese (213) during the Diocesan C.Y.O. convention (223:07/12/70). When the C.Y.O. District Convention met at San José in November, San José C.Y.O. received two awards (223:11/22/70). During this time, Fr. Mike Mikan was in charge of the C.Y.O. (223:09/05/70).

District champions, 1971

In February 1971, San José C.Y.O. organized volleyball and basketball teams (213). Both teams went to the finals (223:02/28/71) and in July the C.Y.O. girls' team won the Austin District softball tournament (223:07/11/71).

The C.Y.O. continued to meet in the Youth Center at 7:00PM, followed by CCD classes at 7:30PM in the school (223:03/07/71). CCD classes met from September to May and were suspended for the summer. The C.Y.O. met on Monday nights at 7:00PM in the Youth Center throughout the summer months with over fifty young people in attendance (223:06/13/71). C.Y.O. sponsored dances for C.Y.O. members and their invited friends in February, May, June and August (213). Profits from the dances allowed the C.Y.O. to donate $730 to install carpeting in the church sanctuary and $500 to help the parish purchase a station wagon (213) (223:07/18/71). In March, the young men of C.Y.O. worked with older men to install the carpet in the church (223:03/21/71). During 1971, the group spent $1,500.00 to rewire and improve the Youth Center (223: 13/02/72).

C.Y.O. helped with a South Austin clean up drive in May (223:04/25/71) (223:06/13/71) and sponsored the candidacy of Gloria Buentello for Queen of the Fiesta de Colores (213). Members attended District and State C.Y.O. meetings in San Marcos and College Station (213) and the club sent fifty members on a trip to Six Flags in June (223:06/13/71). To raise funds, members washed cars for $1 per car from 10:00AM to 4:00PM on a Saturday (223:07/18/71) and sold baked goods after Sunday Mass (223: 03/10/71). In October, they sold candy after the 10:00AM and 12:00PM Masses to raise money for "one of our high school students who intends to go to college" (223: 24/10/71). New officers, four out of five of them women, were elected in September (223: 05/09/71).

Sweetheart contest, 1972

C.Y.O. continued to meet on Monday at 7:00PM at the Youth Center. Their first fund raiser of the year, on Saturday, January 15, 1972, was a dance to raise money for a Holy Cross missionary in Bangladesh (223: 16/01/72). In February and March, C.Y.O. had bake sales after Sunday morning Masses (223: 05/03/72).

The club decided to sponsor a Sweetheart Candidate at the church bazaar that took place in May (223: 05/03/72). This was a major commitment. In early March, C.Y.O. held a cake sale and bicycle raffle for Miss Maggie Trejo, their candidate for Queen. Two weeks later, they announced in the Sunday Bulletin that they were offering to do odd jobs for parishioners with all proceeds going to their candidate for Sweetheart, Miss Trejo (223: 12/03/72). Four organizations sponsored Sweetheart Candidates in 1972: the Guadalupanas sponsored Miss Sylvia Segura; the Socios sponsored Miss Lolly Vargas; the PTA sponsored Miss Cindy Ortiz and the C.Y.O. sponsored Miss Maggie Trejo (223: 12/03/72). Competition to raise the most money was fierce. In April, Miss Trejo sponsored a "Lockhart Sausage Dinner" at the Community Center on April 9 from 11:00AM to 5:00PM (the cost was $1.25 per adult and $0.75 for children) followed by a Baile Ranchero from 3:00PM to 7:00PM with Los Alegres Del Sur band (tickets were $1.50 per person) and a teen dance from 8:00PM-midnight with the Mike Saucedo band (tickets were $2 per person) (223:09/04/72).

C.Y.O. also managed four booths at the annual church bazaar in May and earned $280 for the church (223:21/05/72). The club had a scholarship fund of $800 that was open to any high school senior who was a member of the parish and who wished to attend college (223:04/06/72). In July, scholarships were awarded to Miss Sylvia Luna ($300); Miss Carmen Castillo ($300); Edward Esquivel ($200); Joe Sosa ($200); Miss Terri Estrada ($150) and Richard Moreno ($150) (223:16/07/72). The club had enough money to hire a bus for a trip to Six Flags in San Antonio in July (223:16/07/72).

Tutors, 1973

C.Y.O. continued to meet on Monday nights at 7:30PM (249:02/12/73). In August new officers, all young women, were elected to fill the offices of President, Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer (248:26/08/73).

In September, the C.Y.O. and CCD announced that tutors would be available in the school library from 4:00PM to 9:00PM every Tuesday to help high school students with their homework (248: 09/10/73). In November, a free clinic opened at the Youth Center on Monday nights from 7:00PM to 9:00PM with Dr. Ben White attending to children and Dr. Van Weisse attending adults (249: 04/11/73).

Neighborhood Youth Corps, 1974

In February 1974, a girls' basketball team (the Chompers) formed. Coaches were Ms. Thelma Ruano and Ms. Hilda Ruano. The team consisted of Rosie Martinez, Captain; Dee Dee Perez, co-Capitan; Janie Maldonado, Yolie Maldonado, Monica Salazar, Angie Castillo, Martha Castillo, Christine Ruiz, Lily Martinez and Maria Buentello (249: 24/02/74).

During 1974, C.Y.O. met at 7:00PM on Wednesday in the San José School (250:15/12/74) (223:05/01/75). The club met in the school because, beginning in January, their clubhouse, the Youth Center, was open to the public on Wednesday from 5:00PM to 9:00PM with games and food (249:20/01/74).

During 1974, two young women were hired to manage the South Austin Recreation Center that was temporarily located in a barrack in the School Compound. The Neighborhood Youth Corps, a government agency, funded the project (249:23/06/74). During the summer of 1974, events for teens were a regular feature at the South Austin Recreation Center and the San Jose Community Center. Usually 40 teens participated in the various events (249:16/06/74). There was no mention of the involvement of C.Y.O. in these events but, by all appearances, the C.Y.O., the Neighbor Youth Corps and the staff of a newsletter called the Samaritan were the same people. These events are described in greater detail in the article on the San José Community Center.

Young people at San José Parish were also involved in a mission to Mexico. The mission group raised funds at San José (249:21/04/74) and in June, thirty persons (about half from San Jose and the other half from Dolores Parish) left to travel to San Rafael Parish, south of Saltillo in Coahuila, Mexico. The purpose of the trip was to teach religion in a parish that had no priest (249: 09/06/74). The mission is described in the article dealing with Dolores Parish.

In August forty-eight teenagers and their chaperons went on a day trip to Six Flags in San Antonio (249:21/07/74). In November, C.Y.O. prepared and served a Mexican dinner to raise funds (250:12/09/74). Tickets were sold at the church entrance for $1.75 for adults and $1.25 for children (250:03/11/74). On December 7, C.Y.O. showed movies for grammar school children in the hall for 25 cents from 1:00PM to 3:00PM (250:24/11/74).

Bazaar clowns, 1975

C.Y.O. continued to meet at San Jose School on Wednesday nights at 7:30PM (223:05/02/75). New officers, all young women, were elected in May (237). In September, the officers were reorganized and a new position, Sargent at Arms, was created (223:14/09/75). C.Y.O. officers met at 6:00PM on Tuesday prior to the meeting of the members on Wednesday (223:13/04/75).

Although the club focused less on sports than in the past, there was a meeting in March of girls interested in playing basketball (223:16/03/75). The boys already had a basketball team that was outfitted with jerseys (223:23/03/75). The teenagers challenged the CCD high school teachers, who were young adults, to a volleyball game in March (223:16/03/75).

The club raised money in various ways. In April, C.Y.O. sold tickets to a chalupa dinner that was served in the Community Center (223:27/04/75). Tickets were 35 cents (223:04/05/75). The dinner was announced in the Sunday Bulletin (223:18/05/75). In July, they sponsored a car wash at Ramirez Texaco Station, 2215 South Congress. The cost was $1.00 per car (223:20/07/75). In October, the C.Y.O. sponsored movies in the Community Center with popcorn, punch and cookies for 25 cents (223:05/10/75).

C.Y.O. sponsored a skating party in March (223:02/03/75) and went to Landa Park on Saturday, June 14 with a group from Cristo Rey (223:08/06/75). In August, the club sponsored its annual trip to Six Flags amusement park in San Antonio (223:10/08/75).

C.Y.O. managed five booths at the May 4 San Jose Church Bazaar. The booths were called Dart Booth, Plate Booth, Jail House Booth, Marriage Booth and Duck Booth. They were game booths. In addition to managing the five booths, thirteen members of the club dressed and performed as clowns during the bazaar (237).

Mission to El Castillo, 1976

During 1976, C.Y.O. met after CCD classes for 9-12th graders on Mondays at 8:00PM. Anyone who was in the 8th grade and through 12th grade could join the club (223:21/03/76) but membership was limited to high school students and recent high school graduates (223:06/06/76). A new slate of officers was elected in May with Paul Gonzalez moving from Treasurer to President (223:30/05/76). Two of the four offices were held by women. In 1976, the 20th annual C.Y.O. Convention for the Diocese of Austin was held in College Station and four young people from San José attended (223:11/07/76). On July 25, San José C.Y.O. hosted the monthly meeting of the District Board (223:25/07/76).

As in the previous year, C.Y.O. was involved in the mission to Mexico of which Paul Gonzalez was a leader. From June 10 until June 31, thirty-five youth volunteers from Dolores and San José Churches traveled to El Castillo, a mission of San Rafael, SLP, as missionaries (119). The C.Y.O. sponsored eight booths at the May 2 church bazaar (223:02/05/76).

On a Saturday in June, C.Y.O. screened movies at the Community Center for 25 cents per person (223:13/06/76). The tickets were mailed to the homes of children invited to attend. The two-hour show began at 10:00AM and was repeated at noon (223:20/06/76). The C.Y.O. gave the Associate Pastor, Rev. Larry Bauer, four checks totaling $250 to help the altar boys, the children's' choir and other parish organizations (223:04/07/76).

San José Reds, 1978

C.Y.O. met in the school on Monday night (223:10/09/76). The Sunday Bulletin informed parishioners when and where the C.Y.O. baseball team, called the San José Reds, was scheduled to play (223:08/10/78). New officers were elected and a sixth position, a Reporter, was added to the list of officers. Five of the six officers were young women (223:11/11/78).

Mission to Ahuacatlán, 1979

C.Y.O. sponsored softball teams for both boys and girls in 1979 (12). The C.Y.O. basketball team won a trophy at the Cristo Rey invitational basketball tournament (223:11/03/79) and, in April, the San Jose team played six games at various locations against teams named the Law Rollers, Granfalloon, HRSB, Questions, Aloha Pools and Coopers Bloopers (223:08/04/79).

C.Y.O. maintained its program of religious, social and apostolic activities. Its summer volunteer program sent teams of C.Y.O. members to El Castillo and then Ahuacatlán in Mexico (12). The regular C.Y.O. meeting was Sunday at 7:00PM (223:04/02/79). The club continued to raise funds by selling cakes after 8:00AM, 10:00AM and 12:00PM Sunday Masses (223:04/02/79).

Lock-in, 1981

Alice Maldonado and Sandra Polanco were the contacts for C.Y.O. in 1981 (223:07/06/1981). They were probably the C.Y.O. President and Vice President. The club continued to field sports teams. The San José baseball team, known as the Reds, played its games at Krieg Fields in South Austin (223:05/07/1981). In the fall of the year, San Jose C.Y.O. put together a volleyball team and placed second in the district C.Y.O. volleyball tournament (223: 15/11/1981).

In June, the pastor, Rev. John Korcsmar, convened a meeting with social workers, parents and teens to discuss and suggest ways to improve the youth program (223:07/06/1981). One result was that the parish sponsored a lock-in for teenagers in the Community Center on Saturday, June 13. The lock-in was cancelled because of a rainstorm. The Teen Prayer Group held a Watermelon Prayer Meeting at the San Jose Community Center on July 1 (223:28/06/1981) and the Lock-In was rescheduled for July 25. All teens were invited to participate in the lock-in at the school that began at 10:00PM and continued until 7:00AM the next morning (223:19/07/1981).

To celebrate Halloween, C.Y.O. built a Spook House that was open to the public on Friday and Saturday evenings. Alice Maldonado was in charge of the Spook House (223: 04/10/1981).

1982

Alice Maldonado and Roberta Moreno were listed in the Sunday Bulletin as the contact persons for the Catholic Youth Organization (223:27/06/82). The group no longer met weekly. In 1982, the club met on the First Sunday of each month at 1:30PM (223:11/07/82). The San José Reds Softball Team won their league trophy under the direction of their coach, Ray Treviño. The team was first organized 1977 and fielded a team each year (223:17/10/82).

YES, LIFE, JOY, 1983-1984

Alice Maldonado and Roberta Moreno were listed in the Sunday Bulletin as the contact persons for the C.Y.O. in 1983 (223:02/01/1983). In February,1984, San José hosted the Diocesan C.Y.O. meeting. The meeting included mass and a dance to which high school and junior high school youth over 13 were invited to attend. The pastor warned that, "Membership Cards will be checked!" (223:12/02/84). In 1984, the Diocesan Youth convention, held in La Grange, was called the Diocesan Youth Spectacular 1984. The convention took place on a Sunday afternoon in April with a group of C.Y.O. members leaving San Jose at 12:15PM and returning at 10:00PM (223:01/04/84).

When Rev. Fred Underwood became pastor, the nature of the youth program changed. C.Y.O. was gradually displaced by other groups. At a retreat on April 22-24, 1983, eighty-nine youth "made a serious commitment to Jesus". They also committed to attend an extra Mass during the week. The group chose to attend daily Mass on Tuesday at 7:00PM in addition to Mass on Sunday. (High school CCD attended the same Mass). The Sunday Youth Choir agreed to sang at the Mass. A meeting followed the Mass (223:01/05/83). This became the Y.E.S. Youth Group. Freshmen in high school and older including young adults to age 30 were invited to join (223:01/05/83).

All public school students were already required to attend a weekly Mass and religious education or CCD class. In 1984, Junior High School students attended Mass on Wednesday at 7:00PM and then religious education class afterward. Senior High School students went to Mass on Tuesday and then attended CCD class (223:27/01/1985). In February 1984, senior high school and junior high school youth purchased "identifying tee-shirts". The high school logo was L.I.F.E. and the junior high logo was J.O.Y., both of which were acronyms (223:119/02/84).

C.Y.O. members belonged to all three affinity groups (Y.E.S., L.I.F.E. and J.O.Y.). Events that were previously C.Y.O. events became Y.E.S., L.I.F.E. or J.O.Y. events. For example, the church sponsored a skating party for the L.I.F.E. Group, J.O.Y. Group and Young Adults (Y.E.S.) at the skating rink on Stassney Lane on a Sunday in March (223:04/03/84). L.I.F.E. and J.O.Y. members formed a softball team (223:01/04/84) that practiced on Saturday and Sunday afternoons (223:29/04/84).

In May, L.I.F.E. and J.O.Y. and Young Adult groups were invited to an event called the May Fest Youth Dance. "There is no admission fee. Please present your I.D. Card" (223:29/04/84). The pastor expected all 350 participants in the three youth groups would also be card-carrying C.Y.O. members (223:01/04/84).

In addition to organizing the three youth groups, Fr. Underwood recruited the most promising C.Y.O.-aged young people into a Youth Renewal Team to help with the Parish Renewal program. He organized three Mission Teams of 25 to 30 persons each (223:01/04/84). One was a Youth Renewal Team. Underwood scheduled a Parish Renewal at San José about once a month for several years and traveled extensively to present Parish Renewals to other parishes. The Youth Renewal Team went to Eagle Pass on May 26, 1984 to present a Renewal there (223:27/05/84). The team was a separate sodality and planned its own social events. The team and their sponsors went to Astroworld on July 14 (223:01/07/84). Rudy Duran, Tony Moreno, Paul Samaniego, Joe Maldonado, Mike Calderon and Steve Mireles provided the transportation for the trip to San Antonio (223:22/07/84). The youth were also in charge of Adoration on First Friday from 10:00PM to 11:00PM (223:29/04/84).

In March 1984, the parish decided to purchase of a school bus (223:25/03/84)

The parish ordered a new school bus (subsequently named the Spirit of San Jose) from Carpenter in San Antonio. The cost of the bus was $27,334 plus tax, title and license (223:20/05/84). Having ordered the bus, the next step was to raise the necessary funds. The C.Y.O. decided to sell snow-cones to help pay for the bus. Beginning in May, the youth group sold snow cones after 9:30AM, 11:00AM and 12:30PM Masses each Sunday for several months (223:13/05/84). They raised $80 the first week (223:20/05/84) and $150 the second week (223:27/05/84). In mid-June, they raised $117 at the weekly sale of snow-cones (223:24/06/84). Those who worked on the snow-cone sales were given a 50% discount on a June 30 trip to Schlitterbahn Water Park (223:24/06/84).

When the bus was placed in service in August, the total cost was $29,365.30 (223:12/08/84). Most of the money came from outside the parish, but the young people had raised $1,370 by selling snow-cones (223:19/08/84). Thereafter, summer snow-cones sales became a tradition at San José that lasted until about 2015.The new bus was used for the first time to take the youth group on a trip to San Antonio (223:12/08/84).

The Youth, 1985

After 1984, the Catholic Youth Organization (C.Y.O.) at San José underwent a change of name. The club continued to sponsor activities but the name was not used after 1987. The C.Y.O. was referred to as the Youth Program, Youth Group or, simply, Youth. Often, the Sunday Bulletin referred to "youth" without providing other details. All of these may refer to the C.Y.O. The 29th Annual Diocesan C.Y.O. Convention was held at the Marriott Hotel in Austin but it is unclear if anyone from San José attended. The cost was $65 per person (223:30/06/1985).

Around this time, the San Jose parish community became involved in a national youth conference that took place every year at a Catholic university in Steubenville, Ohio. In July 1985, forty-one teenagers and adults left on the church bus for the 10th Annual Youth Conference in Steubenville, Ohio. They were gone for four days (223:21/07/1985).

The new church bus provided transportation to a variety of youth events (223: 05/05/1985). In January, the Sunday Bulletin announced a bus trip to Aquarena Springs in San Marcos (223:13/01/1985). The two youth groups (L.I.F.E. and J.O.Y.) had social events throughout the summer months. These included a dance on May 3, roller skating on May 5, a field trip to Inks Lake on May 11 and a field trip to Schlitterbahn Water Amusement Park on May 25 (223:28/04/1985).

In September, the Youth Program sponsored a field trip to San Antonio for Junior and Senior High Youth Group members. There was no charge for the bus trip (223:22/09/1985). In December, the Youth Group sponsored a Special Youth Christmas field trip to San Antonio to Wittig Museum and the River Walk from 2:00PM to 10:00PM. The bus ride was free (223:15/12/1985).

Other activities included sporting events and dances. Softball practice began on Tuesday nights in May (223:26/05/1985) and dances were scheduled for Valentine's Day in February and on March 22. The Valentine's Day dance was free and Youth Group members from other parishes were invited to attend (223:27/01/1985). The dance in March was a fund raiser. One-half of the proceeds went to the Mexican mission and the other half to African Famine Relief (223:17/03/1985).

During the summer school vacation, from May 12 until August 25, the Youth sold snow-cones after the 9:30AM and 11:00AM Sunday Masses and donated the money to the church (223: 26/05/1985). The income was listed in the Sunday Bulletin each week and ranged from $25 to $75. Income from the snow-cone sale was usually around $50 per week. When the summer school vacation ended around August 25, the snow-cones sales also ended (223:09/06/1985).

Trip to Steubenville, 1986

The Youth Program continued to sponsor sporting teams in 1986. The Youth-sponsored basketball team played in the Deanery Basketball Tournament at Martin Junior High (223: 02/02/1986). Softball practice began in May (223: 04/05/1986) and the volleyball team began playing games in July (223: 13/07/1986) (223: 17/08/1986). The volleyball season ended with a tournament at San José on Sunday, October 26 (223:26/10/1986).

The parish was again planning to send young adults and teenagers to Franciscan University at Steubenville, Ohio for the National Conference for Young Adults (223:11/05/1986). Thirty-five people signed up for the trip (223: 20/07/1986) and, in August, thirty-four teenagers, young adults and adults traveled to Steubenville, Ohio (1,400 miles each way) in the church bus (223:10/08/1986).

Young people from San José attended other events nearer to home as well. Fifty youth group members and Catechists attended the Youth Christian Conference in Waco in August (223: 24/08/1986). They traveled in the parish church bus. A tiny photo of the group was reproduced in the Sunday Bulletin (223:31/08/1968). To finance the trip, the youth sold snow-cones after the 9:30AM, 11:00AM and 12:30PM Masses. The profits from the snow-cone sale were $120 on the first week (223:07/10/1968) and later averaged about $65 per week (223:14/09/1968).

Vans were used to carry youth group members to a Youth Spectacular in Rockdale on a Sunday in November. The event began at 11:00AM and ended at 10:30PM (223:26/10/1986). The event was sponsored by the Diocese (223:02/11/1986). The chaperones who accompanied the teenagers were Steve Mireles, Rudy Duran, Dan Villegas and Tom Soto (223:23/11/1986).

In June, youth group members and altar servers went to Schlitterbahn Water Amusement Park. Tickets were $9.50 per person including the cost of the bus (223: 08/06/1986). In October, youth group members were invited to a camping trip to Inks Lake near Buchanan Dam (223:12/10/1968).

1987

The Deanery Basketball Tournament was in February at Martin Junior High but there was no mention that San José sent a team (223:08/02/1987). However, someone (possible Mike Calderon) was still running a sports program at San José. The softball team practiced each Tuesday at 7:30PM ahead of its first game on May 5 (223:26/04/1987). Intermural volleyball and basketball was played at San Jose every Saturday at noon (223:10/05/1987). San José fielded basketball and baseball teams. The basketball finals were played at St. Ignatius church (223: 01/11/1987) and the San José team practiced on the church grounds on Saturday from 10:00AM to noon to prepare. The San José boys' baseball team won second place in their league (223:22/11/1987).

For the third time, the parish sent a busload of teenagers and their chaperones to Ohio. The youth paid for the trip by selling snow-cones from May (223:03/05/1987) until the end of August (223:30/08/1987). They also sold breakfast in May and sponsored several dances in the Community Center. The dances made enough money to finance the trip to Steubenville, Ohio, to send some young adults to a Spiritual Leaders Conference and Workshop in New Orleans (223:26/07/1987), to pay for an item for the new church and to pay for the Video Projector being used for their Sunday evening CCD classes (223: 25/10/1987).

A large group of teenagers traveled to "The Lord's Ranch" near El Paso on March 14-21 (223:01/03/1987). A group photo of thirty-three persons appeared in the Sunday Bulletin. They all wore identical tee shirts bearing the words, "San Jose C.Y.O" and an image of the crucifix of the Risen Christ that is still displayed in the church (223:29/03/1987). During the summer of 1987, a busload of youth went to Schlitterbahn twice (223:07/06/1987) (223:16/08/1987).

Co-ed Softball, 1988

Angela Álvarez, Danny Rodriguez and Mike Calderon put together a coed softball team for San José (223:08/05/1988) (223:22/05/1988). The team practiced at the South Austin Recreation Center at South 5th and Cumberland Streets (223:05/06/1988) and traveled to their games in the church bus (223:26/06/1988). The team won the tournament in June, beating teams from St. Louis, St. Anthony and St. Catherine of Sienna churches. San José teenagers on the all-star team were Raquel Fuentes and James Gomez. David Pérez, Anna Rodriguez, JoAnne Calderon and Manuel Rodriguez were alternates. Mike Calderon was the team leader (223:03/07/1988) (223:17/07/1988). The next tournament was on July 24 in Taylor (223:17/07/1988).

Youth Support Group

In March 1987, Sister Eva Walsh led a weekend retreat for children aged 13 to 19 whose parents were dead or divorced (223:01/03/1987). This was probably how the Youth Support Group originated. In May, the Youth Support Group began to meet on Wednesday, immediately following the 7:00PM Mass.

The support group met for prayer, counseling, scripture sharing and song. The group met from 7:30 to 8:30PM on Wednesday night. This was the time slot previously occupied by the Junior High School CCD (223:03/05/1987). When CCD began in September 1987, all CCD classes were moved to Sunday. The Youth Support Group took this time slot for their meetings (223: 20/09/1987) (223).

The Youth Support Group met on Wednesday from 7:30PM to 9:00PM during 1988 in Room 2B of the school building. During the summer of 1988, teens were invited to study scripture, share their faith and have fun at this event (223:12/06/1988). Youth Group members who had attended the Leadership Week Retreat in San Antonio assumed the leadership of the support group and expanded the group's activities to include visits to a nursing home (223:26/06/1988).

The Youth Support Group met on 7:00PM on Wednesday in the old church in 1989 (223:01/01/1989). On March 26, the name was changed to Youth Sharing Group (223:26/03/1989). The Youth Sharing Group did not meet during the summer and the announcement in the Sunday Bulletin was taken down after September 3, 1989 (223:03/09/1989).

Dances

The Youth Group sponsored a benefit dance for teenagers, ages 13 to 18, from 8:00PM to 11:30PM on a Friday in May 1988 in the parish hall. Parents were urged to pick-up their children before 11:30PM. Music was by "Delightful Sounds" by DJ Rudy Duran, Jr. and the cost was $3 per person. The maximum number of attendees was capped at 400 (223:15/05/1988). Prior to this dance, the parish usually held separate dances for Middle School and High School students. Apparently, the parish experimented with a joint dance for all teenagers in April and was satisfied with the results. The only caveat was that attendance was capped at 400. (The maximum capacity of the Community Center was 450 persons). Most teen dances after 1987 employed DJs instead of bands (223: 01/05/1988).

Between May and December 1988, the Sunday Bulletin announced eight dances for teenagers, most sponsored by the parish. In 1989, twelve teen dances were announced in the bulletin and in 1990 sixteen teen dances were announced in the bulletin. After 1990, the number of teen dance declined precipitously to four in 1991, three in 1992 and none in 1993. Dances at San José for adults suffered a similar but less severe decline. In August 1992, the pastor announced that so-called adult dances (where beer was served) had ended. Nevertheless, six adult dances were announced in 1993 to celebrate Valentine's Day, Mother's Day, Father's Day, Halloween, Christmas and New Year. The sudden decline in the number of teen dances at San Jose may have been related to the change in day for teen dances from Friday to Sunday nights (223:15/04/1990) but that decision was made in the face of already declining attendance and was quickly reversed.

Perhaps another explanation for the decline in teen dances was the increasing involvement of the young people of San José in Rev. Underwood's religious program.

In September 1989, the pastor and the new Youth Director, Roberto Rojo, announced a new program for youth with three elements: Spiritual Renewal for Youth (formation of Youth Renewals, Youth Prayer Meeting and a Youth Evangelization Team); the Sacrament of Confirmation (the preparation for confirmation will teach about "inner strength") and Youth Evangelization Outreach (to Meadowbrook Nursing Home). A fourth priority was to develop a Youth Center at San Jose (223:17/09/1989).

Community Service Night

A parish renewal was presented on July 25, 1992, with the theme, "You are called to Evangelize (to share Christ with others)". The renewal was aimed at CCD teachers, Census volunteers, youth in adopt a Grandmother/Grandfather Program and people involved in ministry (223:19/07/1992).

The Pastor called a meeting on August 4, 1992 of youth and adults who would volunteer to visit an elderly person in a nursing home once a week to become friends and eventually lead them to a personal encounter with Jesus (223:02/08/1992). The program was called "Adopt a Grandmother/Grandfather Program." Participants agreed to visit nursing homes on 2nd and 4th Tuesday of the month (223:16/08/1992) (223:23/08/1992) (223:13/09/1992) (223:18/10/1992) (01/11/1992). Confirmation students were encouraged to participate (223:15/11/1992).

The 11:00AM Choir and the Adopt a Grandmother/Grandfather Program went caroling on Saturday, Dec. 19 (223:06/12/1992). The Adopt-a-Grandmother/Grandfather Program and the 11:00AM Choir was planning to sing Christmas Carols at two nursing homes (223:05/12/1993).

A reminder appeared in the Sunday Bulletin in May 1993 asking people to "make a commitment in 1993 to share Christ with others" by visiting nursing homes on the 2nd and 4th Tuesday of the month (223:02/05/1993) (223:16/05/1993). This counted as community service for confirmation candidates (223:12/09/1993).

Trips

After the parish purchased a 54-passenger school bus, trips became more frequent. The youth program at San Jose sponsored youth trips to Inks Lake State Park (223:10/07/1988), McKinney Falls State Park (223:26/02/89), Schlitterbahn Water Park (223:30/07/1989) (223:23/06/1991) and a ranch in Georgetown (223:20/05/1990) during 1988, 1989 and 1990. These trips were never without cost and were accompanied by adult chaperons so the numbers of participants was limited to 45 or 47 persons. The parish also sent the Youth Core Group and adult sponsors to St. Theresa's Church for training sponsored by the Diocese (223:29/01/89).

Sports

The sports program continued under a variety of sponsors and coaches. San José fielded a basketball team under Mike Calderon (223:22/01/1989) (223:29/01/89), a baseball team for ages 8 through 14 years under Eddie Medel (223:13/05/1990) (223:20/05/1990) and two volleyball teams (223:01/03/1992). Hector and Zita Hernandez helped with the youth program (233:09/05/1993).

The sports program used the City-owned facilities at South Austin Recreation Center on 1100 Cumberland Street (223:01/03/1992). There students from San Jose played against other teams (223:11/08/1991) (223:01/03/1992) and practiced under adult supervision and training (223:12/07/1992). Sometimes, the children were invited to a Fun Day of basketball, volleyball, games, cokes, popcorn, etc. behind the school (223:19/11/1989) or at the South Austin Recreation Center (223:21/04/1991). In 1992, Monday night was San Jose night at the South Austin Recreation Center with softball, volleyball and basketball from 6PM to 10PM (223:12/07/1992).

Other youth activities during the summer included Bible Sharing on Monday from 6:00PM to 7:00PM; S.U.A.V.E. meetings on 1st Wednesday of each month and the Prayer Meeting on Thursday from 6:00PM to 9:00PM (223:28/04/1991). On one occasion, the church sponsored a Fun Night for middle and high school youth from 8:00PM until midnight in the old church with games, movies and other activities (223:12/07/1992).

Martial Arts

In April 1989, the Sunday Bulletin announced a new program in Martial Arts beginning April 6 with weekly classes on Thursday and Saturday. There were seven instructors. The pastor said, "You won't have to join a gang for security anymore" (223:02/04/89). The last announcement for the karate class appeared in the bulletin of July 2, 1989 (223:02/07/1989) and then reappeared on October 8. The classes were changed to Wednesday from 7:00PM until 8:30PM (223:08/10/1989). The karate class continued to meet in the old church at least until the end of 1993 (223) (223:07/01/1990) (223:01/07/1990) (223:14/04/1991) (223:26/12/1993). Benny Limón was instructor (223:08/07/1990).

The Martial Arts Program at San Jose was described as a Christian alternative for youth to join instead of joining a gang and an alternate for present gang members to leave the gangs (223:11/11/1990). In February 1992, the San José Karate Club conducted test promotions with instructors Benny Limon and Carlos D. Botello. The tester was Master William Moses Jr. of the Fire Dragon Martial Arts Academy. The following students were promoted: John Degollado, Dominic Frausto, Carlos Gutierrez, Jose Gutierrez, Jacob Perez, Pete Saucedo, Kilan Zamarripa, Zarla Samarripa, Joe Zapata, Pat Garcia, Trey Sifuentes and Albert Terrazas (223:09/02/1992).

S.U.A.V.E.

S.U.A.V.E. members were high school students enrolled in CCD (223:13/10/1991). S.U.A.V.E. met on Wednesday at 7:00PM and Thursday at 6:00PM in the old church beginning in 1990. To raise funds they sold snow cones after all Masses and had a garage sale on June 24 (223:17/06/1990). Mr. Estrada, Mr. and Mrs. Molina and Mr. Romo helped sell the snow cones (223:29/07/1990). The Suave Youth Group and the Altar Servers took turns selling snow cones in 1990 (223:12/08/1990) (223:19/08/1990) (223:26/08/1990).

The group met throughout the summer on the first of Wednesday of each month and the pastor encouraged them to attend the Thursday Night Prayer Meeting as well (223:28/04/1991). The group held three fundraisers on consecutive Sundays in July 1991. They sold snow cones and baked goods after all Masses one week (223:07/07/1991), had a garage sale and bake sale the next Sunday and a car wash on the third Sunday (223:21/07/1991). The car wash was behind the old church (223:28/07/1991). The Sunday Bulletin reported this as a SUAVE fundraiser with proceeds of $233.46 (223:04/08/1991).

Lock-in

A lock-in is a type of indoor camping trip. The participants gather on Friday night and leave for home on Saturday morning. Those sponsored by San José Parish during 1991 and 1992 began after the children had eaten supper and apparently ended after breakfast. A lock-in for middle school students was announced for 7th and 8th graders from 8:00PM Friday until 8:00AM Saturday on December 17 in the old church. The cost was $3. Each student provided a sleeping bag, pillow and a snack to share (223:02/12/1990). The Lock-In for high school students was on February 8 and 9 (223:13/01/1991) (223:03/02/1991). A similar event called, "End of School Lock-in" was scheduled for May 31- June 1 (223:05/19/1991).

In August 1992, all high school-aged teens were invited to a lock-in on Saturday night in the old church from 9PM Saturday to 9AM Sunday, followed by Mass at 9:30AM. The cost was $3 per person (223:02/08/1992). The Saturday night lock-in must have had problems because in October, when all 5th and 6th graders were invited to a lock-in, it was on Friday night. (223:04/10/1992). A Junior High Lock-In took place on Friday, November 20 (223:15/11/1992).

Tutoring

Beginning in 1989, the parish launched a series of events to encourage children to stay in school. The Sunday Bulletin announced a series of classes, "Where there is a will, there's an A" beginning on Easter Monday 1989 in the old church (223:26/03/89). Beginning in September 1990, a series called San José Adult Workshops were held on Wednesday evenings in the old church to help adults keep their children in school, develop good study habits, apply to college, interpret record cards, etc. (223:23/09/1990) (223:30/09/1990) (223:07/10/1990) (223:14/10/1990).

An After School Tutoring program began in the school on September 25, 1990 in the school (223:23/09/1990). Tutors were available on Tuesday and Thursday evenings (223:14/10/1990). Beginning in June 1991, the San José Youth Organization agreed to cosponsor the tutoring program with the S.U.A.V.E. group. Children had to register and pay a $15 fee per family for insurance but financial aid was available (223:09/06/1991). The money came from a Thanksgiving Dinner in November that was to benefit the tutoring program (223).

S.U.A.V.E. planned a summer tutoring program for 11th graders and younger from June 4 to August 4, 1991, four hours a day (223:12/05/1991). Ramiro Reyes, an AISD teacher, was the coordinator (223:05/19/1991). The after school tutoring for all grades began again on September 10 from 4PM-6PM in the school building. Tutoring was offered on Tuesday and Thursday (223:08/09/1991). In February 1992, Rocio Balderas was seeking college students to help with the program (223:09/02/1992).

The tutoring program was linked with an English as a Second Language (ESL) program. In January 1992, it was announced that the after school Tutoring and Learn to Speak English Classes would resume on Tuesday and Thursday (223:05/01/1992). All classes were suspended for two weeks for Easter and then resumed (223:29/03/1992) until May 24 and then suspended for the summer (223:24/05/1992).

The tutoring program started again at the end of September 1992 (223:27/09/1992) and continued until it was suspended for Christmas on December 13. Greg Berry, Director of Religious Education, was the coordinator of the tutoring and ESL programs (223:20/12/1992). The last day for tutoring was on May 12, 1993. Pat Rodriguez, who was in charge the tutoring program, asked for donations of computers, typewriters, printers, books, calculators, games, text books and workbooks and volunteers for the next year. (223:09/05/1993). Among the tutors were Ramiro Reyes, Hunter Aldridge, Carlo Botello, Peter Valenzuela and Mary Jane Rangel (223:09/05/1993).

Planning began for continuing the tutoring program in June (223:06/06/1993). The Texas Education Agency donated reading books to the program (223:27/06/1993). Orientation for the tutors took place on September 1 and tutoring began on September 8 on Monday and Wednesday evenings (223:29/08/1993).

World Youth Day

In July 1985, forty-one teenagers and adults from San José Parish left on the church bus for the 10th Annual Youth Conference in Steubenville, Ohio (223: 21/07/1985). They repeated in trip in 1986 and 1987. In 1985, Pope John Paul II initiated an event for young people called World Youth Day. The event took place on the Diocesan level each year beginning in 1986 and was celebrated at the international level every two or three years in different locations.

The Diocese of Austin sponsored World Youth Day in Rockdale, Texas in October 1989. All middle and high school students were invited to what was an all-day event. The church bus made the trip in 1989 (223:22/10/1989). In 1990, St. Michael's Academy sponsored a World Youth Day program on October 20 from 10Am to 10PM including a dance (223:23/09/1990) but there is no indication that anyone from San José Parish attended

In 1993 World Youth Day was celebrated in Denver, Colorado. San José planned to send a group of parishioners (aged 13-39) to Colorado for the International Gathering of Young Adults and Youth on August 11-15. In January people who were interested in going to Denver, Colorado to see the Pope were urged to apply by February 15 at the church office. The contact in the office was Glendora De Leon (223:31/01/1993).

The pastor specified that fund raising for this trip had to take place away from the parish, "since all fund raising here goes for our youth programs (e.g. CCD, Tutoring, Karate, etc.). Any other fundraising must go for charity to help our people in crisis financial situations". For this reason, the decision was made to raise fund for the trip to Denver by washing cars. The money would go toward the youth who worked at these car washes (223:14/02/1993). Perhaps, as an exception to this decision, the youth of the parish who wanted to go to Denver to see the Pope prepared and served breakfast on April 11, 1993 after 8:00, 9:30 and 11:00 Masses (223:11/04/1993).


4.5

Catholic War Veterans, San José Post 1805

The Catholic War Veterans is a national service organization of baptized Catholics who served in the Armed Forces of the United States. It was founded in 1935. The programs of the national organization include promoting Americanism, Catholic Action, Veterans' Welfare, youth activities and documenting the history of the organization.

The website of the San Jose Catholic War Veterans Post 1805 states their primary objective, "is to make the entire nation acute aware of the struggle and needs of many veterans, their widows and children" (Catholic War Veterans, texvet.org).

The first Post of the Catholic War Veterans in Austin was founded at St. Mary's Church (now Cathedral) in 1948 but it only lasted for one year (265). In 1953, Post 742 of the Catholic War Veterans existed at Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish in Austin (265).

The Post was organized in 1956

Post 1805 of the Catholic War Veterans was organized at the second San José church in 1956. Pete Castillo, Lee Castillo, Gabriel Tamillo and Joe Uriegas were some of 18 charter members (193) (265). Rev. Houser and Rev. Father John Haley served as Post Chaplains. Sometime later retired US Army Col. Joseph Kmiecik became the chaplain. Rev. Kmiecik, C.S.C. retired after 30 years of service as a military chaplain and was assigned to St. Ignatius. He was an acquaintance of Joe Uriegas of the San José CWV and served as the chaplain of the Post in the 1990s until he left Austin (265).

After Post 1805 was organized, Manuel Castillo and other men from CWV Post 742 at Guadalupe church moved to San Jose Post 1805 when someone stole the group's money and Post 742 dissolved (193). The San Jose Post quickly became an important and active part of the San José Parish community (211).

In 1960, the Catholic War Veterans received Communion as a group on the 2nd Sunday of the month (223:12/04/60). The CWV Post had regular meetings on Wednesdays (223:03/11/62) and occasionally hosted regional meetings at San José (223:10/14/62). The CWV Post at San José Parish focused on three areas: helping with all the dances at San José, helping with sports for young people (Sam Guerra and Romero Sanchez were coaches) and helping the Boy Scouts (Enrique Saenz was the Scout Master) (58) (223:08/18/63).

The Veterans served breakfast

The San José Post also helped the church in other ways. They served breakfast (223:01/29/61) and helped at other events. In April 1962, the Veterans were in charge of parking and order for the Diocesan Spanish Convention. They wore their special Veteran's Caps and guarded the cars during the Procession, Mass and Jamaica from 1PM until after the 5PM Mass (223:04/01/62). In addition to providing security, los Veteranos Católicos sponsored a "carro alegorico" for the Spanish Convention that year (6).

In June 1962, Fr. Houser asked the Socios and the Veterans to handle the San José dance on July 28 (223:06/03/62). The dance was in the Coliseum with Alfonso Ramos Orchestra. "We want all of our dances to be truly Christian recreation", he said (meaning no drunkenness was allowed) (223:07/22/62). The Pastor was pleased at the outcome of the dance and asked the same two groups to take charge of the San José Dance on August 25th (223:08/05/62).

In December 1963, the Veterans sponsored a Mass at 10:00AM for the late President John Kennedy (who was a CWV member) and the CWV founder Monsignor Edward J. Higgins. After Mass, they served breakfast in the Hall. They placed an Honor Guard in the church during the Mass (223:12/01/63).

The Veterans, like many other San Jose parish organizations, helped pay down the parish debt. In November 1961, the Veterans gave $41 towards the parish debt. The pastor was able to announce that, "In the past 12 months, we have paid $14,000 on our debt which is now $60,000" (223:11/19/61). During 1963, the Veterans donated $323 to the church (223:03/08/64) and in January they made a donation of $38 for the church's debt (223:01/19/64). They took a collection at their monthly meetings and donated the money to the church. In August, they donated $40 to the church (223:08/02/64) and in September $45 (223:09/13/64). Their meetings were on Tuesday at 8:00PM (223:03/22/64) (223:05/31/64).

The Ladies Auxiliary

The Ladies Auxiliary of San Jose Post 1805 of the Catholic War Veterans was formed in November 1964 with Rev. Samuel J. Ciatto, C.S.C., as their Chaplain (53). In 1993, Rev. John Korcsmar, C.S.C., was the Chaplain. The Ladies Auxiliary of the Catholic War Veterans San Jose Post met separately from the Veterans and had their own officers. They met on the 2nd Monday of each month and had their corporate Communion on the 1st Sunday of the month at 10:00AM Mass.

The installation of officers of the first officers of the Ladies Auxiliary took place in February 1965 (223:02/14/65). In July 1965, Theresa Casarez was the President of Ladies Auxiliary and Gabriel Tamayo was the Post Commander (53).

The Ladies Auxiliary held a barbecue fundraiser on the grounds of San Jose Church from 10:00AM to 2:00PM on a Sunday in February 1965 (223:02/28/65) and the Veterans continued to donate small sums of money to the Parish building fund. In August 1965, the Veterans donated $65 (223:08/15/65) and in October $23 (223:10/03/65). The Catholic War Veterans also helped with the ground breaking of the San José School on October 24, 1965 (37).

In 1966, the Ladies Auxiliary had a cake sale on January 23 and February 20 (223:01/23/66) and raised enough money to donate four library tables to the new school that were valued at $119.80 (223:04/24/66). The Veterans were able to donate an additional $75 in July (223:07/10/66) (223:05/15/66) and the Ladies Auxiliary donated $119 to the school for desks in September (223:09/25/66). In November 1966, the CWV Ladies Auxiliary sold cakes while the men supervised parking at the blessing of the new school (223:10/16/66).

The corporate communion for the Ladies Auxiliary was the first or second Sunday at the 10:00AM Mass. The Veterans and the Ladies Auxiliary took mass together once every three months (223:01/31/71). On those occasions, the Ladies and their husbands processed into the sanctuary accompanied by an honor guard carrying flags instead of the banners carried by other sodalities (223:03/17/68). The day and time of the corporate mass varied based upon a consensus decision of the members but the corporate mass was usually at 10AM (Pete Castillo).

During the late 1960s, the Veterans and the Ladies Auxiliary sponsored a "Mexican Breakfast" in the Community Center in December 1967 (223:12/03/67), a dance at the City Coliseum in October 1967 (223:10/08/67) and helped at the church bazaar in May 1968 (223:04/07/68). In June 1968, the pastor, Father John Haley, told a reporter that that San Jose Catholic War Veterans was among the seventh largest organizations at San Jose Church (122).

The Home Post was on South Congress Avenue

On February 2, 1969, Gabriel Tamayo, Raymond Rodriguez and Sam Guerra of the Catholic War Veterans approached the San Jose Parish Council and asked to purchase the church's part of a lot on S. 5th Street. Their intention was to build a clubhouse for the Post. The Veterans already owned one half of the property. The Parish Council agreed to sell the lot for $1,293.50 (213). Gabriel Gutierrez, a lawyer who had grown up in the parish and was a member of the CWV, handled the paperwork for the sale of the church lot. The church received $1,628.74 from the sale (213). The Post eventually decided not to build on the lot and sold it for $2,000 (193). The first Commander of Post 1805 worked for a man who owned a motor repair shop in South Austin. The Post Commander leased a house at 4913 S. South Congress Avenue from his boss and he subleased the building to the CWV Post for use as their headquarters (193). The Post occupied the building from about 1987 until 2017. In 2017, the owner sold the property to a developer and Post 1085 had to vacate the premises. They sold the equipment that they had installed in the building and moved their meeting place to St. Paul's Catholic Church.

During 1969 and 1970, the Ladies Auxiliary met in the library of the school at San Jose at 7:30PM on the first Monday of each month (223:07/06/69) (223:08/03/69) (223:11/02/69) (233:03/01/70) (223:05/31/70). In September, they met to elect officers for the coming year (223:09/07/69). The Ladies Auxiliary sponsored a White Elephant booth at the May 4 church bazaar in 1969 (223:04/27/69) and sold cakes on at least three occasions in 1970 (223:01/18/70) (223:10/11/70) (223:10/18/70). They continued to attend mass as a group once a month and jointly with the Veterans every three months (223:08/31/69) (223:11/22/70) (223:01/31/71) (223:05/30/71) (223:30/07/72) (249: 31/03/74).

In October 1969, the CWV Commander, Roger Ibarra, told the Parish Council that the Post would sponsor Boy Scout Troop 94 (213). The Post also agreed to pay half of the cost of new uniforms for the Boy Scouts. The Boy Scouts continued to work folding the Herald and La Fuerza newspapers to pay their share (213).

In 1971, the Ladies Auxiliary gathered names of deceased mothers and placed them on the altar on Mother's Day (223:05/09/71) and, in 1972, they operated three booths at the annual bazaar in May and earned $295 (223:21/05/72).

State Officers

During the last half of the 1970s, the San Jose Post took a leadership role in the Catholic War Veterans state organization. In October 1974, Neff L. Zendejas was elected Post Commander (250:12/09/74). He was employed as the Assistant Veterans Service Officer for Travis County and had extensive contacts among Texas veterans' organizations. In December, the American G.I. Forum Veterans Outreach Program announced their services in the San Jose bulletin (250: 01/12/74). The G.I. Forum was a Hispanic veterans and civil rights organization. Its headquarters was in San Antonio and it had a strong presence in Austin (223:23/03/75).

The Post began to collect newspapers and magazines to sell as paper to raise money for scholarships (250: 20/10/74) and the Veterans and the Ladies Auxiliary continued to work with the parish. In 1975 and 1976, they sponsored five dances in the San Jose Community Center (223:12/01/75) (223:13/04/75) (223:11/01/76) (223:16/05/76). The proceeds from the dances were donated to the church bazaar committee or to the scholarship fund. The Ladies sold food at the annual church bazaars (223:02/05/76) and at their meeting hall (called the Home Post) on S. Congress Avenue (223:29/06/75). They continued to take Holy Communion together every two or three months (223:24/08/75). In February 1976, the Ladies Auxiliary was in charge of cleaning the church (223:08/02/76). The Sunday Bulletin urged parishioners to donate rags or paper towels to use in cleaning the church (223:15/02/76).

In June 1975, four members of San Jose Post 1805 were named outstanding members at the 30th annual state CWV convention (102) and in June 1976 six men from San Jose Post 1805 and five women from San Jose Post 1805 Ladies Auxiliary were elected to state officer positions (104). The San Jose post also won three awards (223:27/06/76). The State Officers Board Meeting in July 1976 was held at San Jose with sixty CWV members from South Texas attending the meeting (223:11/07/76). During this time, the Commander was N. L. Zendejas and the President of the Ladies Auxiliary was Amparo Longori (237).

The San Jose Post hosted the CWV state quarterly meeting in October 1981. The delegates attended Mass on 7:00PM Saturday at San Jose (223: 25/10/1981). In January 1986, the CWV Department of Texas held its meeting in Austin and the veterans and the ladies of the auxiliary attended Mass together at 12:30PM (223:22/04/84) (223:19/01/1986)

Bingo for scholarships

The Ladies Auxiliary continued to meet on Mondays at 7:30PM (223:04/02/79) and their corporate mass was on the 4th Sunday at 10AM (223: 29/0882). In 1982, the Ladies Auxiliary managed the Wednesday evening Bingo in the Community Center (223:08/08/82) (223:30/01/83). The majority of the profits are given to college students for textbooks and living expenses (265).

The Ladies Auxiliary sponsored an annual dance in the Community Center in January or February (223:30/01/83). In January 1985, it was their 20th Anniversary Dance (223:13/01/1985). The ladies helped with Mother's Day Cards and First Communion Mass (223:08/05/83) and with Father's Day Cards (223: 23/06/1985). They provided refreshments for the San Jose Confirmation Ceremony reception in 1985 (223:28/04/1985).

Two graduating seniors, Anita Cantu and Gerri Gonzales, received scholarships from the Ladies Auxiliary and CWV Post 1805 in June 1985. Post 1805 also partnered the Father Joe Znotas Scholarship Fund to provide scholarships to two other students (Audrey Ortiz and Ana Maria Saldana). The pastor said San Jose parishioners enabled the parish to contribute $1,000 to the Fr. Joe Znotas Scholarship Fund in 1985 (223: 02/06/1985).

In 1986, the Ladies Auxiliary donated $100.00 to the San José Building Fund (223; 16/03/1986). The Ladies Auxiliary furnished and served refreshments for the Confirmation ceremony in April 1986 (223: 27/04/1986) and Post 1805 sponsored a mass at Assumption Cemetery Chapel on Monday, May 26 in honor of deceased veterans (223: 18/05/1986). The memorial mass became an annual event and in 1991, Catholic War Veterans, Post 1805, invited parishioners to a Mass Wreath Placing and flag lowering ceremony at Assumption Cemetery on Monday, May 27 (223:05/26/1991). P.O.W.s and M.I.A.s were remembered at a memorial Mass at San Jose on June 30 (223:16/06/1991).

For about a year, the Catholic War Veterans ran an ad in the San José Church Sunday Bulletin from April 27, 1986 to July 12, 1987. The advertisement was for their bingo games on Monday and Thursday evenings at the Home Post at 4913 S. Congress. They also offered the building as a hall rental (223:12/07/1987). The Veterans installed a kitchen in the building and were able to prepare and serve food there. It was used for their own meetings, for dances and bingo and was available to community organizations as a meeting place. The Veterans and the Ladies Auxiliary continued to work with San Jose parish. In 1991, the CWV and Ladies Auxiliary donated $400 and $100 as prizes for the Jamaica raffle (223:20/10/1991) and, in October 1992, the Guadalupanas and Catholic War Veterans Post 1805 served breakfast at the San José Community Center (223:01/11/1992). The 35th Anniversary Dance was in the parish hall with Alfonso Ramos y Su Orchestra. Tickets were sold after Mass and in the church office (223:22/11/1992).

Joe Uriegas and other members of the Post were involved in Democratic Party politics, particularly the South Austin Tejano Democrats (265) and had some influence with the Democratic Party. In February 2007, the US Post Office at 3903 South Congress was renamed after Sergeant Henry Ybarra III who was killed in Iraq on September 11, 2003. He was a member of San Jose Catholic Church. His father was a Vietnam War Veteran and a member of CWV Post 1085. US Representative Lloyd Doggett sponsored H. R. 577 at the urging of the Catholic War Veterans, Tejanos in Action and the Knights of Columbus (Congressional Record-House, Vol. 153, Pt. 3, February 5, 2007).

In 2017, the Commander was Julian A. Mendoza. The Catholic War Veterans met on the second Tuesday of each month and the Ladies Auxiliary met on the first Tuesday of each month. According to its web page, the primary objective of the Post was to make the entire nation aware of the struggle and needs of veterans, their widows and their children (265). In the summer of 2017, the building on South Congress that housed the Post HQ was sold and the Post had to vacate the building. The contents of the kitchen were sold to a man in New Mexico and the Post moved its meeting place to St. Paul's Church on a temporary basis (Pete Castillo).


4.6

Cursillos de Cristiandad

Cursillos in Christianity/Cursillos de Cristiandad is an apostolic movement of the Roman Catholic Church. It was founded in Majorca, Spain, by a group of laymen in 1944 while they were refining a technique to train pilgrimage leaders.

The Cursillo focuses on training Catholic laypeople to be leaders in their community. The training takes place over a three-day weekend and consists of fifteen sessions led by priests and laypeople. The Cursillistas return to their parishes for "the fourth day" of the Cursillo during which they meet weekly. Parish groups are called Ultreyas or friendship groups (12). A traditional Spanish folk song, "De Colores", became the anthem of the Cursillo and a multi-colored rooster its symbol (National Cursillo).

The first Cursillo in the Americas was held in Waco, Texas, in 1957 and the national Cursillo office is currently located in Jarrell, Texas. The new spiritual exercise appeared in the Austin Diocese in 1961. Cursillos were held first in Waco and then at St. William's Church in Round Rock.

An Ultreya formed in 1961

The first Ultreya in Austin met at Guadalupe Church in January 12, 1961 (223:01/08/61). The pastor of San José said that, "We hope that other men will join this splendid movement..." (223:01/22/61). By the end of February 1961, enough parishioners from San José had attended a Cursillo that an Ultreya began meeting at San José Parish on Wednesday nights. The Sunday Bulletin announced that the next Cursillo was scheduled for March 2nd in Waco (223:02/26/61). The Cursillos were segregated by the sex of the participants and Cursillos for men and women took place on different weekends on a rotating basis (223:05/21/61).

The Cursillistas returned from Waco energized and organized. In March 1961, the Cursillistos assumed the charge of the all-night vigil on Holy Thursday from 7:00PM until 8:00AM (223:03/26/61). The next year, they shared responsibility for the all-night Holy Thursday Adoration with the Socios. The participants spent the night from 9:00PM to 7:00AM in prayer (223:04/15/62). The Cursillistas were in charge of adoration on Holy Thursday until at least 1966 (223:03/22/64) (223:04/03/66).

In April 1962, when Rosendo Galinda was in charge of the San José Ultreya, the Cursillistas from San José sponsored a "carro alegorico" (a float) at the Diocesan Spanish Convencion (6). The floats carried images of saints (that were borrowed from a church) and depicted a scene in the life of the saint (223:02/04/62). The Spanish Convention was at San José Parish in 1962 (223:10/01/61).

Cursillistas were Cathecists

In July 1962, the Cursillistas of San José sponsored a Jamaica with bingo games to raise money to send people to the Cursillos in Round Rock (223:07/01/62) (223:07/22/62). A Cursillo for either men or women was announced in the Sunday Bulletin about every two months in 1963 and 1964 (223:09/22/63) (223:11/03/63) (223:12/29/63) (223:04/05/64) (223:05/17/64) (223:06/07/64) (223:06/14/64). The pastor was an enthusiastic supporter and explained that, "A Cursillo is a brief course in theology. What a priest studies during his life, you study for three days" (223:01/12/64). Another time, he said, "A cursillo is a short course in Christianity lasting from Thursday to Sunday. There are five meditations and five conferences given by priests and ten given by men called professors. A cursillo is made only once, followed by retreats" (223:01/31/65).

In September 1962, the Cursillistas agree to work in the San José religious education program as CCD teachers, fishers (home visitors) and drivers (223:09/16/62). The pastor, Fr. Houser, was so impressed by their work that he urged the Cursillistas to take over and run the CCD program the next year (223:01/20/63) (223:02/10/63) (223:02/03/63).

Beginning in May 1963, the Ultreya met on Tuesday at 7:30PM instead of on Wednesday nights (223:05/26/63) (223:01/05/64) but, a year later, returned to meeting on Wednesdays (223:04/05/64) (223:11/08/64). Between 1968 and 1981, the Ultreya met on Thursday nights after Mass (223:12/31/67) (223:02/11/68). In 1981 the meeting day was changed to Monday (223:20/09/1981). The Ultreya was necessary to keep alive the spirit of the Cursillo (223:10/17/65) and an Ultreya met at San José once a month, every two weeks or weekly for the next forty years.

In 1967, before breakfasts were served in the Community Center after Sunday Mass on a weekly basis, the Cursillistas served menudo after each Mass on November 12 as a fund raiser (223:11/12/67). In June 1968, they hosted a dinner and dance in the parish hall (223:06/16/68) and in December 1965, individuals from the CYO and Cursillistas worked many hours decorating the Church (223:12/26/65). However, the focus of the Ultreya was always their religious practices. In 1968, they were reminded that, "the cursillo never ends, there is always the fourth day" (223:10/20/68) and that, "the fourth day is the most important of all" (223:12/15/68).

In March 1969, the Cursillistas of San José sponsored a planning meeting to prepare for Holy Week throughout the City of Austin (223:03/30/69). The Cursillistas of the Diocese hoped to hold their Fiesta de Colores on September 6 in the new San José Community Center (223:07/13/69). Cursillos were held at St. Williams Church in Round Rock (223:07/20/69) but the Fiesta of Colores was held in different locations. The event was moved to September 7 from 10:00AM to 10:00PM at the Municipal Auditorium (223:08/31/69) because the opening of the San José Community Center was delayed until October (223:10/05/69).

Miss Joanie Herrera was a candidate for Queen at the Fiesta de Colores that took place on September 7, 1969. She sponsored a cake sale after each Mass on August 3 to raise funds for her campaign (223:08/03/69). On August 31, she and the San José Ultreya sponsored a barbecue after the three morning Masses (223:08/31/69). She won the Queen contest on the basis of the amount of money she raised (223:09/07/69).

In 1970, the San José Cursillistas nominated Sylvia Samaniego as their Queen candidate for the cursillistas' convention (223:05/17/70). In May, they sold barbecue from 11:00AM until 3:00PM to support their candidate (223:05/17/70). That year, the Fiesta de Colores met on June 14 from 10:00AM to 10:00PM at VFW Post 8787 in North Austin (223:06/14/70). The following year, the 1971 Fiesta de Colores was at San José on June 13 (223:05/09/71). This was an all-day event (223:06/06/71). San José sponsored Gloria Buentello as their candidate for sweetheart. In May, the Cursillistas sponsored a barbecue dinner after Mass to raise money for their sweetheart candidate (223:05/30/71).

Cursillistas were song leaders

Music plays a central role in the Cursillo weekend and Cursillistas have their own song list. The Cursillistas led hymn singing at the 10:00AM Sunday Mass (223:02/16/64) even before the Church began to encourage congregational singing in December 1964 (223:11/01/64). In 1970, they invited all parishioners to Spanish language singing practice after their 7:00PM meetings on Thursday nights (223:01/04/70). In May 1972, the Cursillistas sponsored one booth at the annual church bazaar and earned $30 for the church (223:21/05/72).

In addition to their work at San José, all male cursillistas were encouraged to attend a clausura at Round Rock on a Sunday in October 1971 (223:10/10/71). A second clausura for women took place in November. Cursillos and retreats were announced in the Sunday Bulletin and in notices posted at the entrance of the church (223:09/05/70). In November 1971, San José Cursillistas were invited to an apostolic hour following the 7:00PM Thursday Mass to plan for future events at San José (223:14/11/71). That year the convention took place in February in Round Rock (223:06/02/72).

In 1981, the Ultreya met in the evening on the first Monday of each month at 7:00PM (223:07/06/1981) (223:20/09/1981) (223:20/06/82). Beginning in October 1983, the San José Ultreya met each Monday instead of once a month (223:27/01/1985) (223;16/03/1986). In 1983, the contacts for the San José Ultreya were Tom and Mary Longoria (223:06/02/83).

Rev. Underwood was a strong supporter of the Cursillo and, in 1984, he identified the key movements in the Catholic church as marriage encounter, R.C.I.A., Cursillo, Parish Renewal and the Charismatic Movement (223:04/11/84). From August 1983 until March 1986, the Cursillistas and the Rosary Crusade along with five other parish organizations led the prayers for one hour each during the First Friday Adoration service (223:28/08/83). The service lasted from 7:45PM until midnight with each sodality leading the prayers for one hour on a rotating schedule. The Cursillistas continued in this service until the pastor changed and shortened the program in 1986 (223:30/03/1986). Even after this change, the Cursillistas continue to faithfully attend First Friday services.

Cursillistas raised money for the new church

San José Cursillistas took a leadership role in the Austin Ultreya (223:02/10/83) and the Fiesta De Colores in Round Rock (223:24/06/84). In 1986, Mrs. Stella Trejo, Coordinator of the Cursillo Movement in Austin and a San José parishioner, was appointed to the U.S. Bishop's National Advisory Council for a four-year term (223: 20/07/1986). In 1986, San José Cursillistas sponsored Lydia Acuña, aged 11, as the Cursillo Queen Candidate. A band called Los Comandos de Hector and Aurelio Rodriguez y Grupo Reforma played for a benefit dance for Queen Candidate Lydia Acuña at the San José Community Center in July. Lydia Acuna, the daughter of Daniel Acuña, was 3rd runner-up as Austin Candidate for the Fiesta de Colores. She raised $2,304.91 (223: 03/08/1986). The proceeds from the queen contest were for the Cursillo Building Fund (223: 13/07/1986).

In October 1986, the Cursillistas sponsored a benefit dance for the new church with music by Los Viajeros Del Norte. Tickets were $4 per sale and $6 at the door (223: 05/10/1968). The dance raised $917.35 for the church building fund (223:09/11/1986). In December 1987, the 8:00AM Choir and the Cursillistas had a joint garage sale and tamale sale in the Parish Hall (223: 29/11/1987). They raised $1,144.85 for the church at another benefit dance in July 1988 (223:21/08/1988).

In February 1990, San José hosted an Ultreya InterParroquial from 7:00PM to 9:00PM for Cursillistas who had already completed the three-day Cursillo. The announcement was in Spanish only (223:04/02/1990).

In June 1992 and 1993, a Fiesta De Colores was held at the Cursillo Center in Jarrell. The highlight of the celebration was the coronation of the Fiesta De Colores Queen. A fiesta with music and entertainment followed the coronation (223:28/06/1992). In 1993, the San José bus was used to make the trip to the Fiesta De Colores (223:20/06/1993). In November 1993, the Franciscan preaching team that was working in San José Parish held a Gran Encuentro Con Jesus at Centro de Cursillos in Jarrel with Brothers Edgar Palacios and Jesse Martinez, Father Raul Rogawski, Sister Helena Raycraft and Deacon Concho Castillo. The announcement was in Spanish only (223:14/11/1993).

With only the occasional break, an Ultreya continued to meet every week in San José Parish following the Monday 7:00PM Mass from 1988 until 2018 except when another Cursillo event conflicted with the meeting time or the church was closed (223). The Ultreya at Cristo Rey Church met every second Saturday of the month (223:26/12/1993) and was attended by some San José parishioners.

 

4.7

Hijas de María

A pious organization of young unmarried women called Hijas de María appeared at San Fernando Cathedral in San Antonio around 1890. Like the other sodalities at the Cathedral, the group had a code of conduct for its members, urged its members to practice specific devotions and take communion together, probably once a month. Like other sodalities, the Hijas de María had a banner that they carried in processions and displayed at meetings. At public events, such as processions, and at their meetings and events, the women dressed in white. The Hijas de María promoted Marian devotions, in particular those honoring the Patron of Mexico, the Virgin de Guadalupe. They were very active in organizing events such as plays, concerts, parties and dinners and were one of the largest of the 18 pious societies at San Fernando church in 1930 (269).

In 1940, Guadalupe Church in Austin had a similar organization for unmarried women of the same name (3). A group was organized at San José Mexican Mission prior to April 1940 (5) and, in December 1940, had fifteen members (1). In December 1940, the other sodalities or pious associations at San José were the Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús that enrolled 26 members, the Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de María that enrolled 24 members and Young Catholic Men (Juventud Catolica) that enrolled 20 members (1) (Photo066). The membership of each of the four associations was persons of a particular age and gender. The Hijas de María were unmarried women, the Juventud Catolica were unmarried men, the Socias were married women and the Socios were married men.

The four associations worked together for the benefit of the church. The second recorded Jamaica of San José Parish was held on the church grounds on May 4, 1941. The program included a sit-down dinner. The ladies of the Society of the Sacred Heart of Mary were in charge of the kitchen and young women of the Hijas de María were the servers. The young men of the Juventud Catolica were in charge of the drinks (Photo066).

The Hijas of María sent delegates to the annual Diocesan Spanish Convention. At the Spanish Conventions, each society was allowed one hour for discussion and was encouraged to bring up any subject of interest to the Society or the Church. The delegates of the Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús, the men's society, were the first to meet. Next the delegates of the Sociedad de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe met. Finally the delegates from the Hijas de María, the young women's society, met. No priest attended these meetings, to allow for freedom of discussion. Finally, all sodalities met in common, with the priests present, and summaries of the three meetings were given. The reports were followed by discussion. Then the Jamaica continued on until dark (5).

Between 1951 and 1953, the Assistant Pastor, Rev. John Driscoll, C.S.C., was the group's spiritual adviser. Beginning in 1954, the Hijas de María helped raise funds for parish's second church (221). During the late 1950s, the group stopped meeting. In December 1960, Rev. Houser attempted to revive the group (223:12/25/60) and they began meeting monthly at 11:00AM on Sunday, probably immediately after religious education (Doctrina) classes (223:01/15/61) (223:02/19/61).

In February 1961, Fr. Houser placed the Hijas de María in charge of the May Devotions. In Catholic theology, the month of May is associated with the Virgin Mary and, in San Antonio the Hijas de María organized many of events during May in honor of the Virgin Mary. At San José church in 1961, the devotions were celebrated from Sunday, May 14 until Friday, May 19. The girls dressed in white clothing and brought flowers to present to the image of the Virgin (223:05/07/61). In March, they marched on the Feast of San José in a procession of the sodalities, Veterans, Scouts, Servers and children representing the Holy Family. All the church organizations celebrated Communion together on that day (223:03/19/61).

Sometime between 1961 and 1975, the Hijas de María as an organization disappeared from San José parish. Several parishes, including Our Lady of Guadalupe in Austin, continued to send delegates from the Hijas de María to the annual Spanish Convention until as late as 1988 (7) (13). Gradually, the Hijas de María were replaced by groups such as the Sociedad Guadalupana de Jovenes in some churches (194) and disappeared altogether in others.

At San José, the Catholic Youth Organization replaced the traditional pious organizations for young women (Hijas de Maria) and young men (Juventud Católica). The first Catholic Youth Organization was formed as an athletic association to keep young men from engaging in criminal activities (CYO website). The organization was brought to the Diocese of Austin in 1957 (DCYC website) and to San José parish in the 1960s (193).

According to Fr. Houser, "The CYO is not a social club although they have social fiestas. It is more like a sodality whose main purpose is religion or the spiritual life. In the CYO, the youth learn obedience to God and parents" (223:12/23/62). Nevertheless, the pastor struggled to get CYO members to assist at Mass as altar boys and to receive Holy Communion (223:01/22/67).

The CYO was materially different from the traditional pious associations it replaced. The San José Catholic Youth Organization was formed for the purpose of providing wholesome and healthful recreational activities for the physical and spiritual well being of the youth. Membership is open to all high school students and young adults, whether male or female. The leadership was often in the hands of young women.

A priest moderator and volunteer sponsors offered direction and guidance at the weekly meetings but the youth were totally responsible for carrying out their duties and responsibilities (209). While the CYO was not a traditional sodality, it was an effective fundraiser and did manage to keep the youth of the parish engaged and out of trouble, at least at San José.


4.8

Joventud Católica

Three sodalities (pious societies) were organized at San José Church in the spring of 1940. The societies were organized by age and sex of the participants. The two adult sodalities were la Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús and Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de María. The sodality for young women was called Hijas de María. Sometime later, a sodality for young men, Joventud Católica, was formed (3) (5).

In December 1940, the four sodalities enrolled 85 members out of a total of 320 parishioners from 65 families. The San José Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús enrolled 26 members, Sagrado Corazón de María enrolled 24 Socias, Hijas de María enrolled 15 young women and Juventud Catolica enrolled 20 young men (1).

In 1940, there was a Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús, a Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de María and an organization of Hijas de María at Guadalupe Church in Austin (3). All of the original parishioners of San Jose parish had previously attended Guadalupe Church so it was relatively easy to establish these organizations at San Jose. There was apparently no group of Juventud Católica at Guadalupe Church and it was founded at San José at a later date than the other three sodalities. The society may have originated in San Antonio.

La Asociacion Catolica de la Joventud Mexicana (ACJM) was founded in Mexico in 1913. By 1923, most Mexican parishes had branches of Joventud Católica. The stated purpose of the organization was to restore Christian social order that had been disrupted by the Mexican Revolution. Joventud Católica worked closely with the parish priest and the local bishop and most "acejotaemeros" (members of Joventud Católica) were partisans in the Cristera War. In 1929, the ACJM became part of la Accion Católica Mexicana (Wikipedia, Asociacion Catolica de la Joventud Mexicana) (Milenio Diario, S.A. De C.V., April 10, 2015).

During and after the Cristera War, many Cristeros (as much as 5% of the Mexican population) fled to the United States, particularly to Los Angeles, California and San Antonio, Texas. Hundreds of thousands of Mexicans immigrated to Texas. Some of the expelled bishops and many Catholic priests were among the exiles (Knights of Columbus online, 4/26/2012). The large number of exiled priests in San Antonio was particularly active in supporting the Cristiada in Mexico. It was probably in this period that the Juventud Católica was organized in Texas although the details are unknown.

For whatever reason, Juventud Católica quickly disappeared from San José parish and after 1941 there was no further mention of the group in the archives of San José Parish.

  

4.9

Knights of Columbus Council #10148

The Knights of Columbus is the world's largest Catholic fraternal service organization. KOC was originally a mutual benefit society that evolved into an insurance company. The Knights of Columbus (KC) is a tax-exempt fraternal insurance company that sells financial products to its members who live in the USA and Canada. The Order was founded in 1882 in Connecticut and reached Texas in 1902. In 1904 a Texas state council was created. KOC Councils are parish-based. Today there are about eighty Knights of Columbus Councils in the Diocese of Austin.

In the early 1960s, a headquarters building for the KOC State Council was built on land donated by Charles Dellana in what is now Zilker Park (223:10/06/63). In the 1960s, San José CYO and other organizations used the KOC Hall on at 2500 Columbus Drive for dances (223:04/07/68). The KOC Hall in Zilker Park is small and, in December 1969, the Knights of Columbus rented the San José Community Center for a New Year's Eve dance (223:12/28/69). The capacity of the San José Community Center was 450 persons (223:18/02/1990).

In May 1984, the Sunday Bulletin announced that representatives from the Knights of Columbus would be at San José after all Masses to talk to men interested in joining the Knights (223:06/05/84). Five years later, the Sunday Bulletin again announced that someone from KOC would be in the Hall, and later in the school, after Mass to answer questions (223:07/05/89). Lucas Barron, a field agent for Knights of Columbus Insurance, was seeking men to become charter members of San José KOC (223:28/05/89).

In June and July 1989, men filled out cards to become founding members of a Knights of Columbus Council at San José Parish. They were invited to an open house in the parish hall on June 13, 7:30PM (223:11/06/1989). By July, 19 men had joined the San José Council. Their first business meeting was Monday July 31 at 7:30PM (223:30/07/1989). An orientation meeting for candidates was held in the parish hall on September 6 (223:03/09/1989).

Council #10148 was chartered in 1989

On September 12, 1989, San José Council #10148 Knights of Columbus was chartered with 44 charter members. The first Grand Knight was Victor Balderas (223:01/10/1989). The Sunday Bulletin announced that the Charter would remain open for another 20 days allowing candidates not yet initiated an opportunity to become Charter Members (223:01/10/1989).

On November 17, 1989, an Executive Committee was installed. Officers were Grand Knight, Octavio Victor Balderas; Deputy Grand Knight, Mel Villanueva; Chancellor, Herb Martinez; Recorder Daniel Molina; Financial Secretary, Bernard Stafford; Treasurer, Joe Alcala; Lecturer, Jim Sanchez; Advocate, Troy Castillo; Warden, Jack Salazar; Inside Guard, Avelino Saucedo; Outside Guard, Armando Zamarripa; Trustees, Guy Bondi (3 years); George Ruiz (2 years) and Jose Jimenez (1 year) (223:26/11/1989). Later in the month, Robert Martinez and Eulojio Sosa made their first degree (223:03/12/1989). The Knights of Columbus #10148 met on the second Thursday of every month at 7:45 to 8:45PM in the Parish Hall. Greg Trejo was the KOC recruiter in 1989 (223: 17/12/1989) followed by Gilbert Tello in 1990 (223: 30/09/1990).

KOC Council #10148 quickly became an important parish organization, eclipsing the Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús as the largest men's organization in the parish. They took applications for new members in the foyer of the church and in the Parish Hall every Sunday during January 1990 (223:07/01/1990). KOC corporate communion was the fourth Sunday of each month at the 11:00AM Mass. The entire family was invited to sit with the Knights at their corporate Mass (223:09/09/1990) (223:22/07/1990) (223:09/09/1990). The KOC began attending the monthly First Friday Adoration Mass in December (223:02/12/1990).

KOC sponsored dances

In January 1990, the KOC sponsored the first of the six dances that they sponsored during the year. The first KOC sponsored dance was on Saturday, January 13 from 8:00PM to midnight (223:07/01/1990). The second dance was a Valentines Adult Dance in the hall with music by Frank Sanchez y La Honda de Tejas (223:28/01/1990). The third dance was a Pre-Mother's Day Adult dance on Saturday, May 12, 8:00PM-12:00PM, with music by Carinito. Tickets were sold in the parish hall and in the church foyer after all Masses (223:29/04/1990). Following the Mother's Day Dance was a Father's Day Dance on Saturday in the parish hall. Tickets for that dance were $8 per couple at $10 at the door. Tickets were sold in the church foyer and in the church office (223:03/06/1990). The other dances were an adult Halloween Dance in the parish hall (223:21/10/1990) and a New Year's Eve Dance. The tickets were $20 per couple pre-sale and $25 at the door (223: 23/12/1990). The first KOC dance in 1991 was an adult dance with music by Edward Coronado and Tim Torre and El Grupo Selavie (223:03/02/1991) (223:10/02/1991).

The Knights sponsored a Free Throw Championship for children aged 10 to 14 on January 13, 1990 (223:07/01/1990). The winners of the parish Free Throw Championship was announced in the Sunday Bulletin by age groups and advanced to compete in the District Championship in February (223:21/01/1990). On Easter Sunday, the KOC sponsored an Easter Egg hunt for children ages 1- 12 years on the church grounds from 10:30AM to 12:30PM. Prizes were awarded (223:08/04/1990).

On May 24, 1990, the Knights had a special meeting to plan the Ceremonial Installation that was to take place on June 14 (223:20/05/1990) (223:03/06/1990). The following officers were installed on June 22 during Corporate communion at the 8:00AM Sunday Mass: Nef Zendejas, Grand Knight; Jose Alcala, Deputy Grand Knight; Jose Jimenez, Financial Secretary; Jesse Duran, Treasurer; Daniel Molina, Recorder; Manuel Martinez, Chancelor; Juan Soto, Lecturer; Greg Trejo, Advocate; Avelino Sauceda, Warden; Juan Flores, Inside Guard; Jerry Aguirre, Outside Guard; Victor Balderas, Trustee, 3 years; Guy Bondi, Trustee 2 years; George Ruiz, 1 year; John Rivera, Chaplain (223:08/07/1990). The following received the Fourth Degree on Patriotism at the corporate mass at 11:00AM on March 31: Nef. L Zendejas, Grand Knight; Jose Jimenez, Financial Secretary; Pete Sepeda, Trustee; Manuel Martinez, Chancellor; Greg Trejo, Advocate; Luis Martinez, Guard; Juan Flores, Guard (223:24/03/1991).

K.C. Hall

Between January and July 1993, the Knights met on the second and last Tuesday of every month at 7:45PM to 9:00PM in the Old Convent. The Grand Knight was Jose Alcala (223:02/02/1992). Beginning in December 1993, the Knights met on the last Tuesday of the month at 7:30PM in the K.C. Hall (223: 05/12/1993), a metal building that was placed next to the Casita de Esperanza.

The Knights donated an American Flag and a Papal Flag to the parish that is flown from a flagpole near the entrance of the church (223:17/12/1993). The Knights sponsored two events that had become traditions for them. The first was a Basketball Free Throw for children aged 10 to 14. This took place at the South Austin Recreation Center (223:17/12/1993). The other events was their Annual Easter egg hunt after 8:00AM, 9:30AM and 11:00AM Masses on the church grounds (223:04/04/1993) (223:11/04/1993). The Knights continue to host the Easter Egg Hunt at San Jose Parish. In November 1993, a paragraph in the Sunday Bulletin explained the work of the Knights Of Columbus and invited men to join. The contacts listed in the bulletin were Nef Zendejas and Pete A. Salazar (223:21/11/1993).


4.10

Legion of Mary

The Legion of Mary is a society of lay Catholics founded in Dublin, Ireland in 1921. Its object is to glorify God through the holiness of its members developed by prayer and service. The Legionaries' service involves spiritual works of mercy rather than corporal or material service. The Legionaries commit to pray daily according to their type of membership. In addition, active members meet weekly for a devotional service.

The Sunday Bulletin of June 6, 1965 mentioned a Junior Legion of Mary. The pastor said that, "The Junior Legion of Mary may have the first Sunday of the month as their Communion Sunday at the 8:00AM Mass (223:06/06/65). They meet on Thursday night 7-8PM" (223:10/17/65). The membership of the Junior Legion of Mary was restricted to persons under 18 years of age. The presence of a Junior Legion meant that a Senior Legion of Mary for adults also existed at San Jose but the Sunday Bulletin makes no mention of another Legion of Mary in the parish.

In 1993, the Legion of Mary celebrated their 40th Anniversary at St. Mary's Cathedral (223:03/10/1993). This must refer to when the Legion was first introduced into the Diocese of Austin. The Legion first appeared in the United States in 1931 and must have arrived in Austin in 1953.

Even though the Legion disappeared from San Jose parish sometime after 1965, it soon reappeared. According to the November 7, 1993 issue of the Sunday Bulletin, the San José Legion of Mary began to meet in the Sacred Heart Chapel on Sunday, November 7. Margaret Martinez was the contact person (223:07/11/1993). The Bulletin explained that, "the Legion of Mary is a worldwide organization of Catholics who offer their services to Mary to placing themselves under her banner in performing spiritual works in their community. Examples of apostolic work was visiting the sick, inviting non-Catholics to information classes, distributing Catholic literature, encouraging fallen Catholics to return, spreading devotion to the Rosary and helping converts practice their faith. The duties of active members is attend a weekly meeting, recite the Legion Prayer daily and perform an apostolic work weekly" (223:07/11/1993). The Legion of Mass installation Mass was on December 8, the Feast of the Immaculate Conception (223:05/12/1993).


4.11

Matachines

Matachines are societies or sodalities of dancers who perform ritual dances. The particular dance performed by matachines in Texas has been performed by Native American and Hispanic populations for hundreds of years. Many scholars say that the Maatachia dance (la Danza de Matachines) has its origins as "The Dance of the Moors and Christians". In Texas, the societies are tied to a parish and often venerate Our Lady of Guadalupe. The instruments used to accompany the dance, drums and rattles, suggest that la Danza de Matachines performed in Austin originated in north-west Mexico (Matachines, the Handbook of Texas Online, accessed August 2018).

Los Matachines de la Santa Cruz de la Ladrillera of Loredo, Texas, was probably the first matachin group in Texas, arriving in Texas in the 1940s. It became famous when it performed in San Antonio in 1988. In Austin, the society may have first appeared at Cristo Rey Parish. The first mention of the Matachines in San José Parish was in 1992 in connection with the Mañanitas (Cristo Rey Parish website).

In November 1992, the Sunday Bulletin announced that people were invited to learn traditional dances and prayer offerings from indigenous people to Our Lady of Guadalupe. Practice was on Saturday from 11:00AM to 1:00PM in the old church. The dances would be performed on December 12 (223:01/11/1992).

      

4.12

Men's Club

A Men's Club existed at San José Church from the late 1950s until 1963 and again from 1974 until 1975. The two Men's Clubs had different functions and a different membership. The two groups shared only the name.

The Men's Club of 1960-1963 prepared the Sunday Bulletin (223:03/05/61), sponsored the annual Mardi Gras Dance (223:01/29/61) and managed the distribution of Sunday Collection envelopes (223:10/15/61). Perhaps the most important function of the Club was to visit parishioners in their homes and ask them to pledge 5% of their income to the church (223:12/29/63).

The purpose of the Men's Club of 1974-1975 was "to draw willing workers into an effective Christian group" (249: 17/02/74). This Men's Club was soon opened to women (249:21/04/74) and had a social program (250:17/11/74) (223:07/09/75). It was a sodality (249:24/02/74) and its members attended a corporate mass each month (223:17/08/75). It was not a fundraising organization although the group sponsored booths in the parish bazaar in the spring (223:02/05/76) and at the Jamaica in the fall of the year (223:07/09/75).

1960-1963

The Men's Club of 1960-1963 must have existed prior to 1960 but no written records exist prior to 1960. It may have originated in 1957 when the second San Jose Church was built. Although club took on other tasks, its main task was to increase the Sunday Collections. To accomplish this task, the Men's Club visited parishioners in their homes and asked them to support the Plan of San José and to tithe 5% of their income to the church (223:12/29/63). The Men's Club handled the distribution of Sunday Collection envelopes (223:10/15/61) and tallied and report each family's annual donation to the church (223:01/01/61).

The Men's Club met on the second and fourth Tuesday of each month at 7:30PM (223:12/04/60) (223:12/18/60) (223:12/25/60) (223:04/09/61). The meetings were moved if Tuesday was a Holy Day of Obligation to allow the men to attend Mass on that day (223:08/13/61). Frequent meetings were necessary because the pastor tasked the club with reporting each parishioner's donation to Sunday Collections for the prior year (223:01/01/61). Some of the meetings were social events and Captains were urged to bring their groups with them to those meetings (223:12/04/60). There were nineteen Captains. The Men's Club divided the parish into seven divisions. Each division was assigned a chairman and an assistant. Nineteen Captains headed groups who were assigned to visit and monitor a block of parishioners. A President and a Vice President completed the club's organizational structure (223:10/01/61).

The pastor assigned the Men's Club several tasks. In 1961, the Men's Club was in charge of the Saturday Mardi Gras Dance at the City Coliseum. The dance was a benefit for the church (223:01/29/61). The Chairman of the Social Committee assigned men to sell tickets and to manage table reservations. The net profit of the dance in 1961 was $508 (223:02/19/61). The Men's Club was also responsible for preparing the Sunday Bulletin that was distributed to all parishioners after each Sunday Mass beginning in December 1960 (223:03/05/61).

In September 1961, the Men's Club began preparing to visit parishioners in their homes and to distribute Sunday Collection envelopes for the coming year (223:10/15/61). Chairmen of the seven divisions and their assistants were selected and Captains were named (223:10/01/61). In November, the Men's Club distributed the new envelopes at the entrance to the church after Sunday Masses and people were asked to make their pledges for the Sunday offering for the coming year (223:11/12/61). Any boxes of envelopes not picked up in November were delivered to the parishioner's home (223:03/24/63). By December 31, 1961, the Men's Club had distributed 490 boxes of envelopes and, in January, the Men's Club mailed a card to each family showing their donations to the Sunday Collection for 1961 (223:12/31/61). In February 1962, the Men's Club planned for the annual Mardi Gras Dance on March 3rd (223:02/11/62).

In the fall of 1962, the system used in prior years to distribute collection envelopes had broken down. In March 1963, the pastor wrote in the Sunday Bulletin, "You have noticed 150 boxes of envelopes at the entrance of the Church since Christmas. Formerly we used to take these boxes to the homes" (223:03/24/63). A month later, he noted, "There are 72 boxes of envelopes on the table at the entrance of the church. If some of you men would kindly take them to the homes, you would do a favor to San José and possibly be the source of blessings for those families" (223:03/03/63). Who eventually delivered the boxes of envelopes to the parishioners' homes is unknown.

Apparently, the Men's Club had stopped functioning by the spring of 1963. In December 1963, the pastor urged someone to take charge of the distribution of the Sunday Collection envelopes. He said, "The men who do such good work for the Religion Classes for the Youth, would they do San Jose another favor? As you visit homes, take with you the envelopes still on the table and explain to the people the Plan of San José, that they donate 5 cents on every dollar they earn (223:12/29/63). In January 1964, the pastor wrote, "There are some 200 boxes of envelopes still on the table. We would like to ask the men to take these to the owners" (223:01/12/64). Eventually, it was the Socios, rather than the Men's Club, who delivered the boxes (223:03/01/64).

1974-1975

In February 1974, another group, also called the Men's Club, was formed with Sam Guerra, President; Byron Highfill, Vice-President; Henry (Bubba) Saenz Jr., Secretary; Raymond Samilpa Jr. Treasurer; and Rev. Mike Mikan, Chaplain. The purpose of this Men's Club was, "to draw willing workers into an effective Christian group". The Men's Club initially met on the second Wednesday of each month at 7:30PM in the school's meeting room (249: 24/03/74). All men over 18 years of age were invited to join. Other founding members included Benny Limón Sr., Roger Ibarra, Pete Casarez Sr., and Tom Álvarez (249: 17/02/74).

Club members paid no dues and funded their activities by fundraising. One of their first activities was to sponsor a dance in the San José Community Center (249: 24/02/74). The club was a sodality and celebrated their corporate mass at the 12:00 noon Mass on the third Sunday of the month. The members met at the Community Center immediately followed the Mass to socialize (249: 09/06/74) (223:18/05/75) but the Club's business meeting was on Wednesday at 7:30PM (249: 05/05/74).

On May 5, 1974, the club was opened to women over 18 years of age (249:21/04/74) and, in June new officers were elected (237). The Men's Club hosted a barbecue supper at the Catholic War Veterans hall at 4913 S. Congress Avenue where they sold a plate of barbecued meat for $1.50 (249:19/05/74). The Club continued to meet monthly (250:10/11/74) and, in November 1974, the Men's Club sponsored a fishing trip for its members (250:17/11/74).

In March 1975, the Men's Club voted to donate $150 to the Boy's Club of South Austin who lost most of their uniforms and library in a fire. On Saturday night, April 5, the Men's Club sponsored a dance with Nash Hernandez and his Orchestra. The tickets were $5 at the door and beer was sold at half price from 8PM to 9PM (223:23/03/75).

New officers were elected in June 1975 at a Monday night meeting in the San José School (223:15/06/75). Four officers and chairmen of four standing committees were elected. The four committees were a Religious Committee, Telephone Committee, Social Committee and Fund Raising Committee. The monthly business meeting was changed to Sunday after the 12:00AM corporate Communion (223:17/08/75). Families of Club members were invited to attend the corporate communion and sit with the members (223:07/09/75).

In the fall of 1975, the Men's Club sponsored a booth at San José Church Fiesta on August 24 and sponsored a dance in September (223:21/09/75). On a Saturday in September, members and their wives were invited to play volleyball at the church volleyball court (223:07/09/75). In October, the Club planned a retreat for its members (223:19/10/75) and in November sponsored another dance at the San José Community Center (223:26/10/75). The dances were fundraisers with tickets priced high enough to discourage any teenagers who might want to attend (223:21/09/75). The Club also experimented with a tardiada (afternoon social event) that took place in the Community Center from 2:00PM to 6:00PM. The music was provided by Los Tremendos Gavilanes de Juan y Salomon de Monterrey (223:05/10/75).

In April 1976, the Men's Club held their monthly meeting after 12:00 noon Mass to discuss plans for the annual church bazaar. The Men's Club sponsored a dance on May 1 with Ruben Sanchez providing the music. The purpose of the dance was to raise money for the bazaar (223:24/04/76). On Sunday May 2, the Club sponsored four food booths at the annual Church Bazaar. One of the booths was a beer garden where beer by the glass was sold (223:02/05/76).

The Men's Club was no longer mentioned in the Sunday Bulletin after May 1976.                          

4.13

Movimiento Familiar

Movimiento Familiar Cristiano is a Catholic organization that originated in Chicago in 1943. It was organized on the national level in 1969 and became el Movimiento Familiar Cristiano en Español de los Estados Unidos (MFC/USA) in 1976. It was reorganized as a non-profit foundation in 2007 under the name Movimiento Familiar Cristiano Catholico-USA. Its purpose is to strengthen the family.

The first time the Movimiento Familiar Cristiano was mentioned in the San José Sunday Bulletin was in 1990. In February, the Bulletin announced an Encuentro Conyugal in San Marcos. The announcement said, "The Movimiento Familiar Cristiano de la Diocesis de Austin patrocio un Encuentro Conyugal a sus matrimonios de su parroquia Feb. 9, 10 & 11 en San Marcos" (223:04/02/1990).

Three years later, in February 1993, a Grupo Jovenil was organized in San José Parish by Rev. Damian Hinojosa. The youth group met in the school after 12:30PM to discuss the role of the Bible in marriage and the requirements for a Catholic wedding (223:28/02/1993). The March 14 Sunday Bulletin carried a similar message but called the group was called "grupo hispano" (22314/03/1993). On March 21, a similar announcement called the group Joven Entusiasta (223:21/03/1993). In the list of Activities This Week, it was called Grupo Hispano (223:14/03/1993). In May the name was Union Juvenil (223:16/05/1993).

This was clearly a group of young Spanish-speaking parishioners who were in the process of forming a new parish organization. On May 9, the group organized an outing to Parque de las Flores (223:09/05/1993) and in July "El Grupo Hispano de Jovenes Adultos" sponsored a birthday event July 18 at 12:30PM. The contact for the group that was listed in the Sunday Bulletin was Jesús Tamayo and Luís Miranda (223:18/07/1993).

Whether or not this group evolved into the Movimiento Familiar that exists at San José Parish in 2018 is uncertain. However, it was the first for a new generation of sodalities in the parish consisting of recently arrived immigrants from Mexico. This new generation of Mexican immigrants revived and in some ways displaced the native-born children of Mexican immigrants who grew up in the Parish. The use of Spanish was revived rather than disappearing as previous pastors had assumed it would.

In 2018, parish planning meetings are either completely bilingual or mostly in Spanish. The children of these Hispanics, most of who were born and raised in Austin, resemble in many ways the children of previous generations of Mexican immigrants to Austin. They live in a bilingual, bicultural environment and are completely at home in both the Mexican and American cultural milieus. The difference between them and children of Mexican immigrants born in Texas in 1930 and 1940 is the absence of racial discrimination against their language and their culture that the older generation endured. Only time will tell how that will affect them and the city they live in. 

 

4.14

San José PTA

Classes began at the new San José Parochial School in September 1957 with two teachers and ninety-two Kindergarten and 1st grade students (86) (211) (235). Parents and teachers created some kind of help committee as early as 1958 (235) and by December 1960 a Parent Teacher Association (PTA) existed at the San José School.

The PTA began having monthly meetings in September and stopped meeting in May (223:09/10/61) (223:05/07/61). General meetings of the PTA took place on Monday night at 8:00PM with teachers available for counseling an hour earlier (223:01/08/61). Officers for the schoolyear were elected in October for the first six or seven years (223:10/15/61). Beginning in May 1966, PTA officers for the next school year were elected in May (223:05/01/66).

The pastor considered the PTA to be a sodality and the PTA, like other sodalities at San Jose, attended Communion as a group once a month. The Guadalupanas, the Veterans and PTA all received Communion as a group on the 2nd Sunday of the month but at different Mass times (223:12/04/60).

1961-1962

In 1961, the PTA officers consisted of a President, Vice President, Secretary, Pro-Secretary and a Treasurer. The PTA sponsored a Cub Scout troop and Cub Scout Master, Frank Gonzalez, was listed as an officer of the PTA (223:10/15/61).

1962-1963

Four new officers were elected in September (223:09/16/62). In October, some members suggested that the PTA host a weekly bingo for the benefit of the school (223:10/21/62). The following month, the PTA began to host bingo in the Community Center at 8:00PM on Wednesday (223:11/04/62). The PTA Party Games committee had a membership of six persons who ran the games (223:04/21/63).

The PTA voted to buy a refrigerator for the school cafeteria (223:04/14/63). Sr. and Sra. Steve Botello purchased the refrigerator for $288. The money from the bingo hosted by the PTA was also used to buy chalkboards for the third grade classroom.

Each class from Kindergarten to Grade 7 had one to three room mothers. Room mothers were parents of students and PTA members who assisted the teacher. They were not usually teacher's aides. In November, the room mothers were assigned the task of preparing and managing the annual school Christmas Party. The PTA Party Games Committee donated the money for the Christmas Party (223:11/17/63).

1964-1965

Officers were elected at the first PTA meeting of the schoolyear. The meetings were on Monday nights at 7:30PM in the school (223:09/13/64). Four officers were elected (223:10/04/64) and room mothers were recruited. Each grade was assigned two room mothers except for Kindergarten that had four and the grades 7-8 class had one. A Room Mother Committee was formed with a chairperson and a vice-chairperson (223:10/04/64).

In February and March, the PTA had a cake sale (223:03/28/65) and a rummage sale to raise money to buy essential sanitation supplies for the school bathrooms (223:02/21/65). The cake sale raised $70.25 and the rummage sale raised $24.05 (223:03/07/65). The PTA occasionally screened documentary films on Sundays at 7:30PM. Tickets were sold for 35 or 15 cents (223:03/07/65) (223:04/25/65).

In 1965, the PTA was actively raising funds for a new school building. In May, the PTA sponsored a carnival on May 9 and a school picnic on May 16 at Bergstrom Air Base (223:05/02/65). The carnival was well publicized and well attended. It raised $609 for the new school (223:05/23/65). On Sunday April 4, the PTA served beef barbecue plates with beans, potato salad and bread for $1 from 10:00AM to 2:00PM (223:03/28/65). The PTA was involved in designing the new school and, in May, the architect met with the PTA about the new school (223:05/09/65).

The PTA had seven Committees. The committees and their chairpersons were: Room Mothers-Frances Trevino; Teachers' Aid-Leonor Simmons; Membership and Finance-Ben Vega; Programs and Safety-Roger Anthony; Publicity-Rosie Cantu; Physical Education-Concepcion Reyna and New School-Guadalupe Vesquez

1965-1966

New PTA officers and committees were elected in October 1965. In addition to the four officers, twenty-four ladies volunteered as room mothers or teacher's aides and sixteen PTA members served on four committees. Five of the sixteen committeemen were women (223:10/03/65).

San José PTA helped with the ground breaking of the new San José elementary school on October 24, 1965. The PTA President, Sgt. Gilbert Gonzalez, U.S.M.C., welcomed a crowd of over 600 people who witnessed the ceremony (37) (38). Guadalupe Vasquez was chairman of the PTA Building Committee (37).

The PTA continued to raise money for the new school after construction began. In December, the PTA Finance Committee sponsored a raffle to buy shelves and books for the library of the new school (223:12/05/65) and, on February 13, the PTA sold cakes after each Mass (223:02/13/66). The Bingo kitchen crew earned $311.39 for the school selling snacks at the weekly bingo games (223:02/20/66).

1966-1967

PTA officers for the coming schoolyear were elected in May 1966. The officers were a president, a vice president, a secretary, a treasurer and a pro-treasurer. Three of the five officers were women (223:05/29/66). During this school year, the PTA met every second Monday instead of once a month (223:08/28/66).

In September, the PTA sponsored a Rummage and Bake Sale in the Cafeteria (223:08/28/66) and, later in the month, another Cake Sale (223:09/25/66). "The last cake sale of the PTA brought in over $100" (223:10/09/66). The PTA also sponsored the Wednesday night bingo games (223:02/19/67).

The PTA President was the Master of Ceremonies when the Bishop came to bless the new school (223:11/06/66) and PTA members were assigned to show visitors the new school (223:10/16/66).

1967-1968

Four new officers were elected in May 1967. PTA officers rarely served more than one year and usually the entire slate of officers was replaced every year (223:05/14/67). In December, the PTA hosted a meeting of its members in an effort to explain modern mathematics to parents (223:11/26/67).

The pastor reported that income from 1967 included $6,802 from bazaars and fiestas. The Guadalupanas raised most of that money but the PTA raised some of it (223:01/21/68). Rev. Haley told a reporter that that the PTA was among the seventh largest organizations at San José Church (122). New officers were elected at the last meeting of the school year on May 14 (223:05/12/68) (223:07/07/68).

1968-1969

The PTA sponsored five booths at the July 28 Parish Bazaar. Three of the booths were children's games (penny pitch, ring-a-coin and fish pond). The other booths sold snow cones and soft drinks (223:07/21/68). In 1968-1969, the PTA had four officers and eleven committees. Each committee had a chairperson and her assistants. The committees were Program, Publicity, Safety/Civil Defense, Playground, Courtesy Budget and Finance, Membership, Drill Team, Room Mother, Scholarship and Hospitality (223:10/06/68).

In 1968, the parish bazaar was on July 28 (223:07/21/68). Another parish-wide event was a picnic on September 29 at Zilker Park (223:09/15/68). There was no Jamaica or similar parish-wide fall fair in 1968. This created a fundraising opportunity for the PTA and on Sunday, October 27, the PTA sponsored a bazaar to raise money for the school. The bazaar began at 10:00AM in the morning and continued until 8:00PM. The bazaar was followed by a dance ("record hop") for children from 8:00PM to 10:00PM (223:10/20/68).

In October 1968, the PTA announced it would host bingo games on Friday night instead of the Wednesday night game they had hosted since 1962 (223:10/20/68). The PTA sold Christmas cards in November and candy in December to raise funds for the school (213) (223:12/01/68). The sale of Christmas card brought in roughly $350 (223:12/15/68).

1969-1970

The PTA sponsored three booths at the May 4 Bazaar. Two booths, tick-tack-toe and fish pond, were games for young children. The PTA sold cakes from a third booth to raise funds for the church (213) (223:04/27/69). The year before the PTA had sponsored a Drill Team at San Jose School. In July, Rev. Bob Gilmour told the Parish Council that there were plans underway to organize a new Scout troop at San Jose and that he was looking for a scoutmaster (213). He suggested that the PTA sponsor the Scout troop instead of the Drill Team (213). The PTA resisted this suggestion. They knew that Scouting failed twice before at San José because of lack of interest on the part of parents and children (223:08/17/69).

Nevertheless, the Parish Council formed a Scout Troop 94 Committee and announced the formation of an Explorer Scout Post (223:08/03/69). Eventually, the commander of the San Jose Post of the Catholic War Veterans, Roger Ibarra, told the Parish Council that the CWV Post 1085 would sponsor Troop 94. It was agreed that the Brownies would also meet in the renovated youth center barracks rather than at Molly Dawson School (213). Boy Scout Troop 94 had their first meeting on August 8 with Franklin Mendez was the Scoutmaster and Fr. Bob Gilmore as Assistant Scoutmaster (223:08/10/69).

In January, the PTA was able to donate $1,767.05 to help pay the six-month installment and interest payments on the school and the new hall (223:01/04/70). During 1969, the PTA also donated $2,158.03 for book and supplies for the school (233:03/01/70). Much of this money came from the weekly bingo games hosted by the PTA.

Beginning in 1970, PTA meetings were moved from Monday to Tuesday at 8:00PM in the school (223:03/22/70).

1970-1971

The PTA began the 1970-1971 schoolyear with a fundraiser. Volunteers sold breakfast in the Community Center for 75 cents a plate (223:09/05/70). Three weeks later, the PTA sponsored a school picnic at Zilker Park from 3:00PM to 6:00PM with piñatas, games, ice cream and candy for the students attending the San Jose School (223:09/27/70). In November, the PTA began serving breakfast after the 8:00AM and 10:00AM Masses every Sunday in the Community Center (223:11/01/70).

The children, too, were asked to help raise funds for the school. The cheerleaders sold cakes after the 8:00AM, 10:00AM and 12:00noon Masses to raise money to buy equipment for their team (223:10/25/70) and the school children were given Christmas cards to sell (223:10/25/70). The children sold the cards at the entrance to the church after 8:00AM, 10:00AM and 12:00noon Mass on November 15 (223:11/15/70). The price was $1 for 21 cards (223:11/22/70). Even the three teaching Sisters started a fundraiser. They asked parishioners to bring them used postage stamps that they planned to sell (223:11/15/70) (223:11/29/70).

Towards the end of 1970, the PTA met with Dr. McIntosh from the Catholic Conference to discuss possible state aid to parochial schools (223:12/06/70). The financial situation of the school was untenable. The junior high school grades (7th and 8th) were not offered in the 1970-1971 schoolyear because the school could not raise the money to keep them open (12) (86). In 1970-1971, the school enrolled 91 students (213).

During the 1970-1971 schoolyear, the PTA ran bingo games at the Community Center on Friday nights. In 1970, they earned $9,638.34 from the bingo games (223:01/03/71). They combined this with other money and donated $12,179.63 for schoolbooks and utilities (223:01/31/71). David Laurel was the chairman of the PTA Bingo Committee and ran the Friday night Bingos (223:06/06/71).

Fundraising continued in 1971. The 1st grade mothers sold cakes after Mass on Feb. 14 to buy materials for the children (223:02/14/71). In April, a bicycle was raffled to raise money to help with the school bills (223:04/04/71). The bike was donated by Kroger's Family Discount Center (223:04/11/71).

In the 1970-1971 schoolyear, the PTA met on Tuesday evening at 8:00PM (223:04/11/71). Elections for officers of the coming year took place at the May 11 meeting (223:05/09/71). After the new officers were in place, they voted to donate $500 to help the parish purchase a new station wagon (223:07/11/71).

1971-1972

During the 1971-1972 schoolyear, the PTA met at the Community Center on Tuesdays at 7:30PM (223: 10/10/71). During the calendar year of 1971, the PTA donated $9,640.81 to purchase school books and pay utilities at the school (223: 13/02/72). This money came from the Friday night bingo games. The income from the Monday and Wednesday night bingo games run by the Socios was substantially higher and was used to pay down the mortgage debt on the school and the Community Center. In 1971, the Socios donated $11, 467.50 to pay the principle and interest on the school debt and $14, 026.25 on the principle and interest on the hall debt (223: 13/02/72).

The PTA sponsored seven booths at the annual San Jose bazaar in May. They earned $590 from the seven booths (223: 21/05/72).

1972-1973

During the 1972-1973 school year, the enrollment at San Jose School was 81 students (86) and the Parish Council voted to close the school at the end of the schoolyear (12). The Parish Council decided that it was unfair to use the resources of the parish to support a school that was attended by only a small minority of the children at San José (12).

In March 1973, the PTA donated $16,977.98 to pay school salaries and utilities from the profits from the Friday Night Bingo Games (223: 25/03/73). After the school closed, the PTA disbanded. However, the debt on the school loan remained. The Friday Night Bingo Games continued but were managed by a group of Socios from the Sociedad del Sagrado Corazon de Jesus (249: 18/11/73).

After 1973

After the school closed, the San Jose School building was renamed the San José CCD Center although the sign on the front of the building was never changed. It was used for CCD, baptismal, First Communion and first confession classes (223:05/01/75).

When the school closed, the parish still owed $110,000 on the building (223:07/11/71). Ten years later, the parish had three outstanding notes, for the school, for the renovation of the church and for the Community Center (223:21/11/82). The semi-annual payments of interest and principal on the school and the Community Center of about $10,000 were due on January 1st and July 1st each year (223:01/05/83) (223:18/03/84). The final payment on the school building was made on July 1, 1986.


4.15

Society of Saint Vincent de Paul

The first conference of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul in the Diocese of Austin was established at St. Mary's parish in Waco in 1953. Men from the Extension Committee of the SVDP of the Archdiocese of San Antonio visited Austin on various occasions in 1959 seeking those interested in working with the Society. St. Vincent de Paul conferences were established in five Austin parishes in 1961. The first parish conference was established at Dolores in May 1961 followed in that same year by Conferences at Holy Cross, St. Mary's Cathedral, Cristo Rey and St. Louis (272).

What became the District Council of Austin was formed in October 1962. The first officers of the district council were from St. Louis, Dolores and St. Mary Cathedral Parishes. Some of these leaders were inspired by their participation in the Cursillo movement. A conference was established at San José Church on January 21, 1963 and, ten months later in October 1963, a conference was formed at St. Ignatius Martyr Parish (272).

Thrift Store opened in 1963

In 1963, The Ladies of Charity and the Society of St. Vincent de Paul jointly opened a store selling secondhand furniture, appliances and clothing at 319 E. 6th Street. Previously, the Ladies of Charity operated a store on East 1st (or 2nd) Street selling second-hand clothing. The men of the St. Vincent de Paul Society operated a near-by store that sold furniture and appliances. Within a few months, the two organizations formed the Austin St. Vincent de Paul Store Board to run the stores as a joint venture. The responsibilities of running the store and the profits were to be split equally between the Ladies of Charity and the SVDP Society. A volunteer staff of Vincentians and Ladies of Charity operated the stores. The purpose of the store was, "to provide a storehouse of clothing and furniture for poor families of the community and to provide, at a reasonable cost, the things that poor people need" (272).

In December 1963, the Sunday Bulletin announced that the Conference of the St. Vincent de Paul Society at San José was ready to help the poor of the parish. On January 26, 1964 the Society sold cakes and pies after each Mass as a fundraiser (223:01/26/64). Sometime prior to March 1972, the parish began taking a second collection for the Saint Vincent de Paul Society (223: 05/03/72). The second collection was then called the Black Bag. The pastor announced that, "This collection will be given to the Society for the needy families of the parish" (223:04/06/72). A typical "Black Bag" collection at San José in 1973 might amount to $90 (249:11/11/73).

The Conferences at San José and St. Ignatius Martyr usually met together and eventually formed a joint Conference. In January 1975, the two conferences met at the rectory at St. Ignatius (223:12/01/75) (223:05/02/75). Frank Wolfe of St. Ignatius was the President of the joint Conference (223:09/03/75). The Saint Vincent de Paul Society and the Ladies of Charity of Austin worked closely together and the Ladies of Charity occasionally invited parishioners at San José to attend Mass and attend a meeting at Holy Cross Hospital (223:11/01/76).

The Ladies of Charity and the Saint Vincent de Paul Society also jointly operated the thrift store. The location of the rented SVDP stores changed frequently and sometimes the Board operated two stores, usually north of the Colorado River. In 1976, the Board opened a second store at 501 W. Oltorf Street in South Austin (272). The Ladies of Charity and SVDP jointly operated the St. Vincent de Paul Southside store (223:10/09/76).

In 1978, the joint Conference of San Jose and St. Ignatius met at San José on Tuesdays at 7:30PM (223:17/10/78). In 1981, Joe Juranek of St. Ignatius Conference of SVDP, was elected to serve as the President of the Austin District Council. In July, joint San José-St. Ignatius Conference hosted a meeting of the Particular Council of Austin at St. Ignatius on a Monday evening in July (223:12/07/1981). The society had no office space and operated of parishes and the Vincentian's homes. At this meeting, Joe Juranek reported that, during June 1981, 611 people received assistance from the joint San Jose-St. Ignatius Conference at a cost of $3,145.10. This number included 368 individuals who received food (costing $900) from the food pantry (223:19/07/1981).

Thrift Store moved to S. Congress Avenue

In 1981, the South Austin SVDP Southside store moved from W. Oltorf Street to 1500 S. Congress Ave. In about 1990, the Board purchased the building at 1327 South Congress Avenue, moved the Southside store there and closed its store in downtown Austin north of the river. The SVDP Thrift Store remained at the South Congress Avenue location until 2016 when the building was sold and the thrift store moved to Braker Lane in north Austin (272).

In June 1982, Margarita Juarez Gomez, who was then a County Constable, organized of a successful effort to raise money for St. Vincent de Paul (223:20/06/82). The fundraiser was a Saturday night dance at the San José Community Center. The 12:00AM Choir, including Tony Castillo, Terry Acuña and Margaret Gomez sponsored the dance (223:30/05/82). Richard Moya donated the beer, Conjuncto Carinito donated the music and many people sold tickets (including Enrique and Elena Flores who sold $285 of tickets to the dance) (223:11/07/82).

Fundraisers, such as the dance, increased people's awareness of the work of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul and the Black Bag Second collection totals increased. In December, the SVDP second collection was $200.20 (223:19/12/82). The San Vincent de Paul joint conference was based at St. Ignatius Parish and individuals from San José Parish who needed assistance to advised to go there.

The Conference at St. Ignatius was much wealthier and had more members (Vincentians) than that at San José. The annual total for the second Black Bag collection at St. Ignatius for 1982 was $34,764. During the same year, the San José Black Bag collection was $1,187. The Conference at St. Ignatius also had other sources of income. The total income of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul at St. Ignatius for 1982 was $68,913. They helped 10,228 persons, mostly with food. A copy of their 1982 report was placed inside the San José Sunday Bulletin during the month of December 1982 (223:26/12/82).

1982 Annual Report for San Jose-St. Ignatius Saint Vincent de Paul Society

January 1-December 31, 1982

Receipts

St. Ignatius Black Bag Collection $34,767.32

St. Ignatius Private Donors $27,554.85

San José Black Bag Collection $1,187.81

S.V.D.P. District Council $1,800.00

Reimbursements from other societies and organizations

$3,606.02

Total $68,913.00

Expenses

Food $24,321.70

Meals for Transients $2,003.28

Rent and Mortgage Assistance $15,142.15

Utilities $7,274.95

Clothing and furniture vouchers $2,734.98

Doctor appointments and medicine $1,540.52

Gasoline and auto repair $2,126.94

Transportation $536.35

Wheelchairs, birth certificates, funerals, etc. $5,007.55

Conference Expenses $221.01

Total $60,909.43 (223: March, 1983)

During 1983, the Sunday Bulletin regularly reported on activities of the joint San Jose-St. Ignatius Conference of St. Vincent de Paul. The second collection for SVDP was on the First Sunday of each month (223:06/02/83) (223:27/02/83). The amount collected was reported monthly and ranged from $75.20 in January (223:09/01/83) to $812.20 in November (223:13/11/83). The money collected at San José was sent to the joint Conference at St. Ignatius Church (223:10/04/83).

Joe Juranek managed the Joint Conference

This arrangement work well. Joe Juranek issued monthly report to San José parishioners detailing the number of people helped and how much was spent (223:26/06/83). During December 1983, the Society of St. Vincent de Paul at St. Ignatius distributed 100 Food Baskets and helped 1,034 persons with $7,201.41, mostly for fuel bills because of "the paralyzing cold". The Black Bag collection at St. Ignatius was $3,655 and at San José $752 in December (223:29/01/84).

During 1984, the combined San José and St. Ignatius Conference continued to aid large numbers of people. During February, the combined Conferences assisted 861 people with $5,450. Often the assistance offered was not monetary. The pastor noted, "Sometimes just listening is very important' (223:18/03/84). The amount donated by San José parishioners to the Society also increased but was still only about one-tenth of that received from the parishioners of St. Ignatius Parish (223:11/03/84) (223:12/08/84).

A St. Ignatius + San Jose Society of St. Vincent de Paul financial report appeared in a Sunday Bulletin in November 1984. The joint conference had total expenses of $73,678 and assisted 11,360 people. The St. Ignatius Conference also had a full-time employee (Joe Juranek). Anyone from San José Parish needing financial assistance was referred to Mr. Juranek (223:11/18/84).

Annual Report of Society of St. Vincent De Paul, October 1, 1983- September 30, 1984

Receipts

St. Ignatius Black Bag $46,277.64

St Ignatius Private Donors 18,525.25

San Jose Black Bag 5,028.69

S.V.D.P. District Council 3,775.00

Reimbursements 295.00

Total 73,901.58

Expenses

Food 27,482.87

Meals to transients 3,180.31

Rent and mortgage payments 22,544.02

Utilities 10,159.38

Clothing and furniture 2,404.36

Doctor appointments and medicine 2,341.68

Gasoline and car repairs 2,897.60

Transportation 789.45

Wheelchairs, birth certificates, funerals, etc. 1,588.35

Conference expenses 290.85

Total 73,678.87

People assisted October '83-September '84 11,360 (223:18/11/1984)

The second collection was not the only source of funds for the joint San José-St. Ignatius Conference. The pastor reported that the parish had raised $5,472.90 for SVDP in 1983 and $8,568.03 in 1984. This figure was about $3,000 higher than the Black Bag collections. It is not clear where the extra money came from (223:03/02/1985).

San José-St. Ignatius Joint Conference was recognized in 1985

In April 1985, the SVDP Council General in Paris, France formally recognized the combined San José-St. Ignatius Conference (272) and, in March 1985, the Black Bag collection at San José exceeded $1,000 for the first time (223: 10/03/1985). The Black Bag collection remained at or above $1,000 each month for the rest of 1985 and into 1986 (223:14/04/1985) (223:09/06/1985) (223:08/12/1985) (223:09/03/1986) (223:13/04/1986) (223:11/05/1986) (223:13/07/1986). The February 1986 report of the combined Conference showed that the Conference has assisted 1,519 persons during the month at a cost of $9,867.45.

The February 1986 report also listed the donations received by the joint conference. The donations received were St. Ignatius Black Bag $4,534.86; Ash Wednesday collection $2,308.26; San José second collection $1,011.66; private donors $337.00; SVDP District Council $1,000.00 for total donations of $9,191.78 during the month (223; 09/03/1986).

The pastor periodically reminded parishioners that San José sent their St. Vincent de Paul monthly collection to St. Ignatius and that St. Ignatius had a full-time social worker that helped with groceries, utilities, etc. San José parishioners were urged to go there for help during regular business hours of 8:00AM to 5:00PM M-F (223: 01/06/1986).

In August 1986, the pastor, Fr. Underwood, suggested that each person tithe 8% for the Regular Sunday Collection and 2% for the monthly St. Vincent de Paul Collection (or other second collection) (223:14/09/1968). During this period, the second collection for SVDP averaged around $1,000 per month (223:10/08/1986) (223:14/10/1968). The Black Bag collection continued to average about $1,000 per month until 1988 when it increased to about $1,400 per month (223:14/12/1986) (223:10/04/1988) (223:08/05/1988).

In 1987 and 1988, although the parishioners of San José continued to support the joint San José-St. Ignatius Conference by their monthly donations to the second collection (223:08/03/1987) (223:14/06/1987) (223:13/09/1987), the Conference at San José had few members. In January 1988, when St. Vincent de Paul was seeking more volunteers, the pastor commented that, "As you know, San José and St. Ignatius work together on this but San José has very few workers compared to St. Ignatius" (223:10/01/1988). The principal function of the volunteers (the Vicentians) was to visit the poor in their homes. Apparently much of this work was taken care of by the social worker at St. Ignatius and few home visits were made.

In November 1988, the pastor said that San José parishioners donated $18,000 or more to SVDP in 1988 (223:20/11/1988). The monthly collection varied from about $400 to $1,500 but was reliably above $1,300 (223:1989).

SVDP provided emergency help

The pastor emphasized that; "This collection is used for emergency help, e.g. paying utilities, rent, food and medicine for our people in South Austin who need temporary help. All persons needing this emergency help are referred to St. Ignatius because they have a Social Worker that tries to get financial assistance from other agencies first. We send our collection to St. Ignatius, where it is combined with their collection, for this emergency assistance" (223:30/07/1989) (223:13/12/1992).

In November 1990, the Sunday Bulletin appealed for men's jackets, sweatshirts and socks and blankets and sleeping bags for the St. Vincent de Paul Stores. "The recent cold weather exhausted the supply." The two thrift stores were located at 321 E. 2nd Street and 1500 S. Congress Avenue (223:18/11/1990). During 1991, the Southside store was moved to 1327 S. Congress Avenue and the store on E. 2nd Street was closed. Prior to Christmas in 1991, the SVDP Store at 1327 S. Congress Ave. offered free pictures with Santa Claus on Saturday December 14 (223:08/12/1991). The pastor occasionally reminded parishioners that the St. Vincent de Paul Store at 1327 S. Congress Avenue needed volunteers (223:16/08/1992).

In November 1991, the pastor and the Finance Council of San José Parish announced that the parish would give 10% of its income to the poor. The parish would begin tithing its income. The pastor, Rev. Underwood, explained that, "When I was pastor at Dolores Parish, we tithed as a parish (10% of our Sunday collections went to help the poor, two missions in Mexico, etc.)." He went on to say that, "As soon as the parish began tithing, our financial situation completely changed. Jesus really blessed us" (223:29/11/1992).

The Second Collection for St. Vincent de Paul continued after the parish began tithing and was sometimes reported in the Sunday Bulletin as a separate item. Often the amount of the Second Collection for St. Vincent de Paul was not reported. The pastor explained that, "Your contributions enable us to supplement St. Vincent de Paul fund at St. Ignatius to help our parishioners in crisis situation". The Second Collection for SVDP was included in parish income (223: 31/01/1993) until May 9, 1993 when SVDP collection was once again reported as a separate item (223: 09/05/1993). It appears that the Second Collection was considered as income for the parish and the parish then sent 10% of its income to the joint San José-St. Ignatius SVDP Conference (223:07/03/1993).

Rev. Kirby D. Garner moved into the rectory on March 15, 1993 (223:07/03/1993) and was listed as the pastor in the Sunday Bulletin for the first time on April 25 (223:25/04/1993). Rev. Underwood, who had served as pastor for ten year, announced that he would be leaving on March 7 (223:04/04/1993). On May 2, 1993, the amount of the St. Vincent de Paul Collection was listed in the Weekly Financial Report for the first time since Feb. 14. Father Kirby had replaced Father Underwood and presumable the parish had stopped tithing. On the day that the parish stopped tithing, the second collection for St. Vincent de Paul was $2,098.00, double what it had been only five years before (223:09/05/1993).

In March 1993, the SVDP Store asked for donations of furniture and household goods. Merchandise in the store was low because of many calls for help. The pastor explained that the furniture should be in good condition since there are no volunteers to make repairs. The store could arrange for pick up (223: 07/03/1993).

In September 1993, the joint SVDP conference reported contributions of St. Ignatius Black Bag $4,925; San José Black Bag $1,812 and a donation from the SVDP District Council of $1,500 for a total contributions of $8,237. Expenditures were $8,110 to help 364 families (223:19/09/1993).

The Vincentians at St. Ignatius were particularly active

In contrast to the Vincentians at San José, the Vincentians at St. Ignatius were particularly active. Three of the sixteen Presidents of the Austin District Council prior to 1997 were from the St. Ignatius Conference. These three were C.A. Schutze, 1966-1968; Joe Juranek, 1980-1983 and Max Earl, 1989-1992) (272).

Much of the work of the parish Conferences consisted of home visits to individuals who asked for help. Fundraising was a necessary activity. San José relied on the monthly second collection for about two-thirds of its donations to the work of the Society. Other funds came from private donors and the collection of items to sell in the SVDP Thrift Store. Conferences were also scheduled to provide volunteers to work in the thrift store. The thrift store was located within the St. Ignatius Parish boundaries and Vincentians from St. Ignatius volunteered to work at the thrift store.

The Board of the Austin SVDP Store was reorganized in 1997 to give a seat to an appointee of the Bishop and to business leaders. The store continued to donate $5,000 monthly to both the Ladies of Charity and the District Council of Austin Society St. Vincent de Paul out of profits from the operation of the store on South Congress Avenue (272).

In 2016, the building at 1327 South Congress Ave. was sold and one-half of the proceeds were given the Ladies of Charity (Esther Barrientes). St. Vincent de Paul Diocesan Council received the other half and used the money to build a new store and office building on Braker Lane. The expense to make the transition from its location on South Congress Avenue proved to be more than anticipated and the Diocesan Council briefly endured a financial crisis. However, the work of the Society of St. Vincent de Paul in its many facets continued and in 2016 a Conference of the Society was formed at San Jose to take up the work done so well for some many years by the Vicentians at St. Ignatius Church. At about the same time, the Conference at St. Ignatius stopped doing home visits. The Conference at San José agreed to make home visits to needy families living with the parish boundaries of both San José and St. Ignatius Parishes.


4.16.a

Guadalupanas: Breakfast and meals

The Guadalupanas and the kitchen in the San Jose cafeteria and the San José Community Center were intimately acquainted with each other. The Guadalupanas served many meals to parishioners and guests alike. One of the first San José Sunday Bulletins carried a notice that, on December 11, 1960, the Guadalupanas served supper after the Solemn Blessing of the Statue of the Virgin Most Pure. The Guadalupanas donated the statue to the church (223:12/04/60).

The Guadalupanas and other women of the parish prepared meals for resident and visiting priests (223; 02/03/1986) and sold food to benefit needy parishioners. In March 1984, the Sunday bulletin announced a benefit dinner for José Rocha and John Riojas Sr. (223:11/03/84). The benefit dinner was sponsored by the Socios and the Guadalupanas and raised $476 for the medical bills of the two men (223:25/03/84). The Guadalupanas served prepared and served food and cleaned up after the Deacon Ordination in June 1991 (223:30/06/1991).

Occasionally, the Guadalupanas recognized the special relationship between the Guadalupanas and the Socios by hosting a meal for the Socios (223:01/14/68) (223:07/01/73) or for the Socias and their families (250:12/09/74) (223:26/10/75) but, more often, food was sold to other parishioners, specifically to raise money (223:03/20/66) (223:04/033/66) (223:08/06/75). Often the profits from the sale were for a specific purpose, such a church renovation project (223:13/07/75).

The Guadalupanas could not afford to offer the food for free so almost every meal was also a fundraiser. They sold dinner on Sundays after Mass (223:10/25/64) (223:11/01/64) and at public events, such as the groundbreaking ceremony and the blessing of the new school (12) (223:10/16/66). Sunday cake sales after Mass were frequent (223:10/16/66) (223:11/06/66) (223:01/26/70) (223:08/02/70) (223:07/06/1992). If tamales were left unsold from the Christmas season, they were sold as part of a breakfast menu (223:02/05/67) (223:02/19/67).

Mañanitas

Sometime prior to 1976, the Guadalupanas began to serve cakes and cookies in the parish hall after the Mass following the singing of the Mañanitas on the morning of December 12. As early as 1967, they served snacks in conjunction with the December Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe (223:12/10/67). By 1983, the menu for the reception had become standardized and the Guadalupanas served sweet rolls, coffee and hot chocolate after the 6:00AM Mass of December 12 to all participants (223:11/12/83). Somewhat later, tamales were added to the menu.

Breakfast

From September until December 1970, the PTA served breakfast in the San José Community Center after the Sunday Mass. The program was not sustainable and was discontinued in 1971. In July 1974, the Guadalupanas again began serving breakfast in the Community Center after every 8:00AM and 10:00AM Mass. Breakfast cost $1.25 and consisted of beans, bacon or chorizo Mexicano, scrambled eggs, flour tortillas and coffee. Extra burritos were 35 cents each (249:14/07/74). They continued to serve breakfast until at least October 1974 (250:12/09/74) (250:20/10/74).

In October 1975, the parish created a new ministry, the Breakfast Couples, to continue the breakfast program (223:28/09/75) (209). The Guadalupanas helped with the breakfast program (223:07/03/76) (223:07/08/83) and, in 1990 and 1991, served breakfast on a rotating schedule with four other sodalities, sometimes teaming up with the Catholic War Veterans to do so (223:01/11/1992). The breakfast program continued, with many modifications, until 2018 when it was suspended. In 1988, lunch began to be sold outside of the parish hall after the breakfast program finished serving after the third Mass on Sundays (223:17/07/1988). This too continued until 2018.

Bingo

San José Church began to sponsor bingo in the parish hall during World War Two. In 1945, the Bingo Chairmen were Joe Uriegas, Ramón De Leon and Peter Rivera. Snacks were sold during a break in the games. In 1945, a group of twelve Army brides called the San José Society sold snacks at the bingos. They sold coffee, pastries, popcorn and sodas and pork roast tacos for three for $1.00 (210).

In the early 1960s, the Socios ran bingo on Sunday nights two nights a month and the PTA sponsored bingo on Wednesdays. Sometimes the Socios hired a cook to prepare food during a break in the games (213). In September 1964, the Socias hosted a bingo on Sunday night when the hall was otherwise empty. They sold cards for 15 games for $1 (223:08/16/64). They sold hot dogs, raspa and cakes during the break. The funds were for the new church. The event netted $292 (223:09/27/64). Occasionally, the women of the parish had a special bingo on Wednesday or Friday nights in the hall cafeteria (probably to raise money for the May 5 bazaar or the Jamaica) (223:11/06/66) (223:03/10/68). In October 1968, a regular Friday bingo was added (213).

By 1970, the three bingo nights were the parish's biggest source of income (213). Competition between the three bingo groups was intense and, to increase the income from their games, the Socios asked the Guadalupanas to manage the kitchen. The Guadalupanas helped by preparing and selling food during a break in the games. The Guadalupanas prepared complete meals in addition to snacks (223:19/10/75). The games were stopped in October 1977 after a lawyer named Madalyn Murray O'Hair complained about them (251).

After bingo became legal in Texas again after 1984, the Guadalupanas helped by serving the bingo dinner two or three times a year (233). They also sold take-out plates as part of their annual tamalada (233:05/18/14).

50th Anniversary

The Guadalupanas were always ready to cooperate with the pastor when asked. In March 1989, the Guadalupanas (Becky Reyna and María Galvan) agreed to serve a potluck dinner to 1,500 persons after the August 27, 1989 50th Anniversary Mass (242). On July 26 plans for the potluck dinner were abandoned because of lack of seating capacity. The Guadalupanas then agreed to serve cake and punch in the hall to 1,000 people, mostly guests from outside the parish (242).

Take-out

Beginning in about 2009, the Guadalupanas began to sell fried fish on Holy Friday (223). From 2012 through 2018, they sold either fish or enchilada and nopalito plates with rice and beans on Holy Friday for $6 per plate (233) (233:02/01/14).


4.16.b

Guadalupanas: Donations and Gifts

A primary focus of the Guadalupanas has always been to raise money for the church although they are a pious association or sodality. According to Mrs. Amelia (Molly) Resas, when Rev. Mendez requested help to raise money for the church, she and the ladies of the church community began having "reunions", today known as Jamaicas. The "reunions" were day-long events of family-oriented activities and fellowship, to raise funds for the new church. After the first church was built, Mrs. Resas formed the Guadalupanas and invited the ladies of the new parish to join the Society (229).

According to Rev. Houser, when, in 1954, the decision was made to build a larger church, he knew that the cost would be fiestas and more fiestas. That was the way the people of San José raised money for many years. In the center of all such activities were the two Sodalities of women and men, Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (las Guadalupanas) and Sagrado Corazón of Jesús (los Socios) (211).

1961

The first mention of the Guadalupanas in the Sunday Bulletin was an advertisement for, "Tamales by the Guadalupanas for our new statue of San José". This meant that the Guadalupanas sold tamales to raise funds for the new statue (223:03/19/61) (223:04/16/61). A few months later, the Guadalupanas again sold tamales to help the parish purchased a freezer for the school cafeteria (223:10/22/61) (223:11/19/61).

1962

The next year, 1962, the Guadalupanas volunteered to provide food for the Hispanic Convention prior to Easter (223:01/21/62). They sold tamales to raise the money needed to purchase the food for the Convention (223:02/18/62).

1963

The stated purpose of the Guadalupanas is to honor the Mother of God under the title of Our Lady of Guadalupe (223:07/14/63). December 12, the Feast of the Lady of Guadalupe, is the high point of the year for the Guadalupanas and they always celebrate it. In 1962, the Guadalupanas decided to sponsor a pilgrimage to Mexico City in December (223:10/07/62). Many of the 23 Socias who made the trip could not afford the round trip bus fare of $31.86 each (223:11/18/62) so they held a bingo to raise funds (223:10/21/62). The profits from the bingo games were used to subsidize the cost of the pilgrimage.

1964

Usually, any funds raised were given, either directly or indirectly, to the church. The Guadalupanas sponsored bingo games in September 1964. The $292 realized from the bingo and related food sales went into the church building fund (223:08/16/64) (223:09/27/64). A few months later, they again sold tamales and raised enough money to purchase an organ for the church (223:12/06/64) (223:12/20/64) (223:12/27/64) (223:01/10/65).

1965

In 1965, the Guadalupanas sponsored two large fiestas, on May 2 and October 24. The May 2 event was the church fair (sometimes called a Concurso) that took place indoors, usually at the City Auditorium. This event was usually called the Bazaar and was an annual parish-wide celebration during the 1950s and 1960s. The Guadalupanas sponsored the event in 1965 and probably other years (223:04/18/65). The fiesta raised $923 for the new church (223:05/16/65) (223:05/23/65). The second event was held outdoors on Sunday, October 24 and raised $455 for the school (223:09/26/65) (223:10/03/65) (223:10/17/65) (223:10/31/65). In later years, the fall event was called the Jamaica. The next month, the Guadalupanas sponsored a fiesta at the groundbreaking ceremony for the new school (12).

1966

The Sunday Bulletin listed a number of fundraising events sponsored by the Guadalupanas between 1966 and 1969. In January 1966, they earned $168 for the school at a film screening (223:02/20/66) (223:03/20/66). In March, they sold food in the parish hall and raised $232.40 (223:03/20/66) (223:04/033/66). The money was used to purchase a new statue of the Virgin Mary for the school (223:04/24/66) (223:05/01/66).

In September 1966, they paid for the furniture in the Meeting Room of the school (223:09/11/66) and donated an additional $500 to the school. On September 4, 1966, an announcement in the Sunday Bulletin said that, "Any Individual or Group who donates $500.00 for a school room will have a plaque put on the door of that room" (223:09/04/66). The Guadalupanas donated $500 and a classroom was named the Guadalupana Room as a memorial to their generosity.

1967

In the spring of 1967, the Guadalupanas raised $2,823 at the Concurso and $370 from a party on July 2. The money was given to the church office (223:07/09/67). In October, the Guadalupanas sponsored an all-day fiesta (223:10/08/67) with barbecue and bingo at 8:00PM with twenty prizes and $100 cash on the final card (223:10/29/67). The proceeds of $717.10 were given to the parish (223:11/05/67). During 1967, income from bazaars and fiestas was $6,802 and the Guadalupanas donated $3,000 to the school fund. The Guadalupanas raised most of the money the church received from the church bazaar in 1968 (223:01/21/68).

1968

Sometimes, the money raised was spent immediately. In July 1968, the Guadalupanas raised $53.55 at a bake sale (223:07/07/68). They gave $25 to Randy Garcia, $25 to David Reyna and $3.55 to buy flowers for the altar of our Lady (223:07/21/68). In September, they sold tamales in the parish hall from 10:00PM to 3:00PM to, according to the pastor, "help us with some of the bills" (223:10/20/68). After they raised $67 from party games on Thanksgiving 1968, they gave $37 to Rev. Mikan and $30 to Rev. Haley (223:12/01/68).

1969

In July 1969, the Pastor reported to the Parish Council that the Guadalupanas had set aside $2,000 to remodel the sacristy. He said they wanted to rework a picture of Our Lady of Guadalupe to realign the picture so its corner matched that of La Virgen de San Juán (213). The Guadalupanas also spent money on the kitchen in the San José Community Center. They purchased a new stove for the Community Center for $570 (213). In November 1969, they purchased about $1,000 in kitchen supplies for the new parish hall (213).

1971

Often the Guadalupanas funded projects at the request of the pastor. In January 1971, they donated $870.00 for renovations to the rectory kitchen and to replace rugs in the rectory. They were also paid $538 for the new cabinets in the sacristy (223:01/31/71). In July, they (and several other parish organizations) donated $500 each to purchase a new station wagon for the use of the parish (223:07/11/71) (223: 13/02/72).

On July 25, 1971, the Guadalupanas had a Jamaica to celebrate the 30th anniversary of their organization (223:07/25/71) (223:07/18/71). The Jamaica raised $2,161.06 in total. The Queen candidates alone raised $1,748.22; the Bingo games raised $65.00 and food sales raised $347.84 (223: 08/01/71). Most of the money was used to install a cry room and kneelers in the church (223: 23/04/72) (223: 25/03/73).

1974

Sometimes the sums involved were small. In August 1974, the Guadalupanas donated food for a benefit dance for Julius Segura (249: 21/07/74). The next year, they donated a quilt for the church bazaar that was raffled for $121 (223:18/05/75). The Guadalupanas sold Mexican dinners from 11AM to 2PM for $1.50 in June 1975 (223:08/06/75) and provided flowers for the blessing of the renovated church in August 1975 (223:31/08/75). As a rule, if they had money, they gave it to the church. They donated $3,000 for the church renovation project (223:13/07/75). That left them without funds and, when they cooked supper for the Bingo games in October 1975, they appealed for donations of cake mixes, dry beans, rice, coffee, sugar and cheese (223:19/10/75).

1976

Sometime after 1971, the Jamaica in the fall of the year became an annual event sponsored by the parish, instead of by the Guadalupanas or the Socios (209). The Guadalupanas continued to participate by sponsoring one or two booths. The profit from the booths was income for the church. The booths sponsored by the Guadalupanas had total sales of $93 in 1978 (223:19/11/78). Prior to 1983, the Bazaar, in the spring of the year, was the larger of the two events. In 1976, the two booths run by the Guadalupanas at the Bazaar had total sales of $222 (223:09/05/76).

1979

In 1979, the organ purchased by the Guadalupanas in 1964, was worn out and the Guadalupanas purchased a new organ for the church. It cost $2,395. The pastor commented, "This was not the first organ the church had but it was fancier" (223:01/04/79).

1983

In February 1983, the Guadalupanas raised enough money from cake sales and other fund raisers (223:13/02/83) to donate $1,015 to pay for painting the second floor, the stairways and exterior doors of the school (223:27/02/83). They donated flowers for the altar on Mother's Day (223:15/05/83) and, in November, donated $3,000 to help pay for the rug in the renovated church (223:11/12/83). The Guadalupanas also participated in the parish breakfast program by serving breakfast and dinner in the San José Community Center after Sunday Mass (223:07/08/83).

1984

In March 1984, the Sunday Bulletin announced a benefit dinner for José Rocha and John Riojas Sr. (223:11/03/84). The benefit dinner was sponsored by the Socios and the Guadalupanas and raised $476 for the medical bills of the two men (223:25/03/84).Both men were members of the Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

1985

The gross sales from the tamales made and sold at the 1986 Fall Fiesta by the Guadalupanas were $2,999.50. Unlike other booth operators, the Guadalupanas donated everything so the net profit was also $2,999.50. The previous year the net profit was $2,076.95 (223: 06/10/1985). The annual Jamaica became the largest single fundraising event for the Guadalupanas and the parish (233). The Guadalupanas donated the ingredients for the tamales and donated the gross sales to the church without discounting for expenses (223:02/08/1987). This model was later adopted by the Jamaica Committee and applied to all the sponsored booths at the annual Jamaica.

1989

The Guadalupanas agreed to serve a potluck dinner to 1,500 persons after the August 27, 1989 50th Anniversary Mass (242). On July 26 plans for the potluck dinner were abandoned because of lack of seating capacity. The Guadalupanas then agreed to serve cake and punch in the parish hall to 1,000 people, mostly guests from outside the parish (242).

1990

On Thanksgiving Day, the Guadalupanas served a complete turkey dinner with all the trimmings after the last three Sunday Masses as part of the parish breakfast program (223:18/11/1990) (223:25/11/1990).

In 2015, the annual budget of the Guadalupanas was $6,800 (233). Most of this money was spent either directly or indirectly to support the work of the parish. The Guadalupanas continued their long tradition as the largest women's sodality in the parish and the most prolific source of donations to the parish. They continue to work closely with the pastor in all of their projects. For many years, Father John Boyko was their spiritual adviser. In 2017 and 2018, the pastor, Rev. Alberto Borruel continued in that role and attended most of the Society's monthly meetings. 

  

4.16.c

Guadalupanas, Fiestas

According to Mrs. Amelia (Molly) Resas, la Sociedad Guadalupana at San José Church was formed when Rev. Mendez requested help to raise money for a church. She knew that the prospective parishioners, the Mexicans of South Austin, while personally generous and devoted to the Catholic Church, were, in general, short of funds. She understood too that they were an isolated community, set apart from White society by the rules and norms of racial segregation and a language barrier. In response to the request of Fr. Mendez, the Mexican ladies in South Austin began hosting "reunions", today known as Jamaicas. The "reunions" or fiestas were day-long events of family-oriented activities and fellowship, organized around food. In the Mexican tradition, the fiestas could be used to raise funds for the new church (209) (229).

1940-1941

When the first church on W. Mary Street opened for services in June 1940, "there was a huge Jamaica. Everyone came from all around to attend the opening of the new church" (221). The event was more than just the opening of the new building. It was one of the first San José Jamaicas. Eight months later, on Sunday, May 4, 1941, El Comite de Festividades de La Mision de San José invited the colonia Mexicana to another event on the church grounds. All four sodalities of the mission, la Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón (then called la Sociedad de los Senores), the Guadalupanas (then called la Sociedad del Corazón de María), the young women (called la Sociedad de Hijas de María) and young men (Juventud Católica) each had their assigned roles. The ladies of women's society were in charge of preparing the food and their daughters with serving it (Photo066).

The young people of the congregation, with the help of seven students from St. Edward's University, kept the crowd entertained from 7:30PM until about 10:30PM on Sunday night, May 4, 1941 (Photo066). In later years, a group of twelve young women, whose husbands were soldiers who were stationed overseas, formed their own solidarity group and they sponsored the entertainment for the Jamaicas. Fr. Mendez called them, the San José Society. One of the women said, "We had excellent talent among the parish members" (210).

1950-1958

The spring fundraising event, usually scheduled in May, evolved into the church's most important fundraising event of the year. It was usually called the Bazaar. From the middle 1950s until the 1980s, a formal dinner, the crowning of a queen and on-stage entertainment was the central focus of the fiesta. Young men and women vied for the honor to be the Queen or King of the festival by raising money for the parish.

When the decision was made to build a larger church in 1954, the pastor commented that, "The cost would be fiestas and more fiestas". That was the way the people of San José raised money. In the center of all such activities were the two sodalities of women and men: Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (las Guadalupanas) and Sagrado Corazón of Jesús (los Socios) (211).

Two documents in the Catholic Archives of Texas describe festivals sponsored by San José Church and held in the City Auditorium. One event took place in the fall of the year and the other in the spring. The first describes a "Fiesta Patria" that took place on September 18 sometime between 1950 and 1958. The men mentioned in the program were Socios. The Guadalupanas likely prepared the tamales and other food served at the event (33). The event commemorated the Mexican Independence Day on September16.

The second document describes a "Regio Festival" held on February 19, 1955 in the City Auditorium. The festival was sponsored by the missions of San José in Austin and Santa Cruz in Buda. The program began with the reception and crowning of the Queen, Ms. Frances Gallardo, by Rev. Louis J. Reicher, the Bishop of Austin. After the crowning of the Queen, the program continued with a dance and then a dinner. The program ended with an on-stage show of songs and dances directed by Mrs. Nellie Garcia. Mrs. Beatríz Calderón, a long-time President of the Guadalupanas, was in charge of the food (34).

1960

Few written records exist about activities at San José Church prior to December 1960 when the first Sunday Bulletin appeared. The first mention of a fiesta sponsored by the Guadalupanas was a Jamaica to coincide with Diocesan Spanish Convention in April 1962. The fiesta centered around the coronation of King Frank López, Queen Jesusa Sánchez, Prince Ronald Dillard, Princess Marie Lawler, Duchess Dolores Diaz and Marquesa Virginia Soliz (223:04/29/62).

1965

In 1965, the Guadalupanas organized two large fiestas, one on May 2 and another on October 24. The first fiesta began in March when four young ladies announced their candidacy for the role of Queen of the Festival (223:03/07/65). The winner was apparently chosen at a fiesta on April 22 (223:04/18/65). All San José parishioners were invited to a program on May 2, called a Concurso, probably at the City Auditorium. Booths sold snow cones, sodas and cakes. Supper (75 cents for fried chicken, rice, potato salad and tea) was served at 5:00PM followed by a drawing at 8:00PM. Immediately following the drawing, the Queen was crowned and a program of entertainment began (223:05/02/65) (62). The fiesta raised $923 for the church building fund (223:05/16/65) (223:05/23/65).

The second event was on Sunday, October 24, 1965 and coincided with the groundbreaking ceremony for the new school (12). This event was called the Fiesta of the Guadalupanas. The program began a 5:00PM when supper (costing 75 cents per plate) was served. Party games (bingo) began at 8:00PM (223:09/26/65). The event raised $455 for the San José School (223:10/17/65) (223:10/31/65). Fr. Houser commented, "Help these great workers" (223:10/03/65).

1966-1967

In 1966 and 1967, the Fiesta of the Guadalupanas took place in July. In 1966, the fiesta began at 4:00PM with a barbecue chicken dinner and ended at 9:00PM with a drawing for raffle prizes. Booths sold food (tacos, hamburgers, menudo, raspa) or offered games (White House, fishpond, watermelons, cake walk, darts, bingo) (223:07/10/66). The Guadalupanas brought in $347 from their Jamaica in 1966 (223:08/28/66).

The event on July 2, 1967 was called a Reinado. Six candidates for the role of Queen competed (223:04/23/67). The queen (Rita Ramirez) was crowned during the Farewell Program for Fr. Houser. $2,453.05 was collected on the votes for the Queen (223:07/02/67). The Guadalupanas turned in $370 as proceeds from the July 2 party in addition to the $2,823 from the Concurso (223:07/09/67).

Four months later, the Guadalupanas sponsored a fiesta on October 29 (223:10/08/67). The event was an all-day barbecue ending with a bingo at 8:00PM. The bingo games had twenty prizes and $100 cash on the final card (223:10/29/67). The proceeds of $717.10 were given to the parish (223:11/05/67). During 1967, the church's income from bazaars and fiestas was $6,802. $3,000 of that was money that the Guadalupana's donated to the school (223:01/21/68).

1968-1969

Between 1968 and 1983, the parish sponsored at least two annual events. One event was always indoors and took place during the spring of the year, usually in May. The other took place later in the year with the dates ranging from July to October. Often both events were called Bazaars but gradually the spring event became known as the Bazaar and the fall event became known as the Jamaica. The Guadalupanas supported the bazaar even if they did not organize them. The Society sponsored five booths at the July 28, 1968 Parish Bazaar (piñata, apron booth, doll booth, country store booth, food) (223:07/21/68). On May 4, 1969, the Guadalupanas sponsored three booths at the church bazaar at the City Auditorium (country store, clothes, flowers) (223:04/27/69) (213).

1971-1975

On Sunday July 25, 1971, the Guadalupans organized a Jamaica to celebrate the 30th anniversary of their organization (223:07/18/71) (223:07/25/71). The event was a concurso in which four young ladies competed for the title of Queen (223:06/20/71). The Jamaica raised $2,161.06. Of that, the Queen candidates raised $1,748.22. The profits from a Bingo was $65.00 and the profits from food sales were $347.84 (223: 08/01/71).

In 1972, the Guadalupanas had three booths at the annual parish bazaar in May and earned $150 (223: 21/05/72). They sold dinner at the annual bazaar in 1973 for a profit of $449.00 (223: 01/07/73). The bazaar was an expensive undertaking and required some upfront money. In 1975, when Sophia de Hoyos was president (223:27/04/75), the Guadalupanas sold tamales and donated $110.00 to the bazaar committee as start-up money. They also quilted and raffled a quilt for a profit of $121.00 (223:18/05/75).

1976-1982

The Guadalupanas had two booths at the May 2, 1976 bazaar (gifts and plants and cherry tree) (223:02/05/76). The two booths run by the Guadalupanas had total sales of $222 (223:09/05/76). A tamale plate was sold but not by the Guadalupanas. Prior to 1982, the Guadalupanas did not sell tamales at either the spring or fall events. They had a booth at the Fall Fiesta in November 1978 and sold $93.15 (223:19/11/78). The next spring, the Guadalupanas and the Socios sponsored Sandra Polanco to be the Queen of the May Bazaar (223:01/04/79). It was not until September 1982 that the Guadalupanas began to sell tamales at the annual Jamaicas. In 1982, they sponsored two booths at the Fall Fiesta: Country Store and Tamales (223:19/09/82). The sales of Country Store was $94 and the tamales $273. In terms of sales, tamale booth ranked seventh out of 38 booths (223:31/10/82).

1984-1988

By 1984, the sale of tamales had become the major source of the money raised by the Guadalupanas at the Fall Fiestas. In 1984, the net profit from the sale of tamales at the annual Jamaica was $2,076.95 (223:06/10/1985). In July, 1985, the Guadalupanas asked anyone who would like to help make tamales for the Fall Fiesta to meet at the Community Center every Wednesday at 6:00PM (223:14/07/1985). This announcement was in the Sunday Bulletin for about three weeks. The Guadalupanas made the tamales by hand just as they did at home and needed many hands to make the tamales. The gross sales from tamales at the Fall Fiesta of 1985 were $2,999.50 (223: 06/10/1985).

For several years thereafter, the Guadalupanas invited ladies of the parish to help make tamales. In 1987, the volunteers were asked to meet at 3:00PM on Wednesday, October 28, in the parish hall (223:25/10/1987). In 1988, volunteers were encouraged to leave their names and telephone numbers at the church office (223:24/07/1988). The Guadalupanas also appealed for donations. In August 1987, the pastor thanked those who donated ingredients for tamales as well as those who made them (223:02/08/1987)

1989-2009

The Guadalupanas continued to sponsor booths at the annual Jamaica. In 2009, they had five booths at the Jamaica: tamales ($3,803 in sales), funnel cakes ($1,650), plants ($612), Country Store ($273) and aguas frescas ($315). In 2009, their total sales were $6,654.50 (233). In the 2008 tamalada, the Guadalupanas made 640 dozen tamales. They sold 44 dozen, ate 21 dozen, gifted 12 dozen to the church staff and set aside 17 dozen for a Bingo Dinner they had committed to serve. This left 546 dozen to sell at the Jamaica (233). In recent years, the goal was to prepare enough tamales to have 500 dozen to sell at the Jamaica and 75 dozen for sale elsewhere (233). 


14.16.d

Guadalupanas: Las Mañanitas

The Sociedad Guadalupana, known as the Guadalupanas, was formed at San Jose Church in 1941 (229). The organization's name was derived from that of Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe, the patroness of the Americas. The purpose of the society was, "to share our gifts and talents with the San Jose Community and demonstrate our praise and thanksgiving for the love and salvation of Our Lord Jesus Christ and His Mother, Our Lady of Guadalupe" (Mission Statement, January 2009).

"One of the most important events for the Sociedad Guadalupana is the annual memorial celebration of the appearance of Our Lady of Guadalupe on December 12. The Socias dress Our Lady with roses and prepare her altar to accept the roses presented to her by parishioners on her day. All members participate in a pre-Mass celebration with songs of praise to Our Lady. After Mass, the Socias host a reception of tamales, pan dulce and hot chocolate for those attending the mañanitas" (Mission Statement, January 2009).

For many years, the Guadalupanas met together for corporate communion once a month on the second Sunday of each month or the Sunday that fell nearest the 12th of the month. The Mass was followed by a prayer service honoring Our Lady of Guadalupe and then a monthly meeting (209). The Socios of the Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón always met on the first Sunday of each month and, in recent years, the Guadalupanas too frequently celebrate their corporate Mass on the first Sunday of the month, instead of on the second Sunday.

The first mention of the mañanitas in the Sunday Bulletin was that of December 10, 1961 when it was announced that the 8:00AM Mass in honor of our Lady of Guadalupe was sponsored by the Guadalupanas (223:12/10/61). There was no mention of a song service prior to the Mass or a reception after the Mass.

In 1962, the Guadalupanas organized a pilgrimage to Mexico in December (223:10/07/62). The pilgrims left Sunday morning, December 9 and returned Saturday afternoon, December 16. The pilgrims were in Mexico City on December 10-13. The pilgrims from San José stayed in the Madero Hotel, which was four blocks from the Basilica (223:11/25/62). This allowed them to attend the mañanitas service at the Basilica on the morning of December 12. Most of those who made the trip were Socias (members of the Society of Guadaulapanas) (223:11/18/62). There was no mention of the mañanitas at San José that year.

In 1963, another large group of Guadalupanas made the pilgrimage to the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico (223:12/01/63). The schedule was similar to that of the previous year, leaving Austin on Sunday December 8 and returning on Saturday December 15 (223:12/08/63). However, in 1963, those Socias and Socios who did not make the pilgrimage to Mexico, organized a song service for the mañanitas on Thursday, December 12, at 5:30AM, followed by Mass at 6:15AM. That night, there was a procession and Rosary at 7:30PM to mark the event (223:12/22/63).

The pilgrimage to Mexico City became an annual event after 1963 and continued until 1980 or 1981. After 1981, the pilgrimages to Mexico City continued but under the auspicious of private tour companies. The exception was 1967 when the Guadalupanas decided to forego the annual trip to Mexico. Instead, Rev. Daniel Villanueva conducted a three-day mission on Our Lady of Guadalupe on December 10, 11 and 12 (223:12/03/67). This was in lieu of the annual trip to Mexico City (223:11/26/67). This was a special program for Our Lady of Guadalupe. The schedule was: Sunday-Rosary, Sermon and Benediction at 7:00PM; Monday- 6:15AM Mass and Sermon, 6:30PM practice singing hymns of our Lady; 7:00PM Rosary, Sermon and Benediction; Tuesday- 6:15AM Mass and sermon; 7:00PM Rosary, Sermon and Benediction; 8:00PM Parish social in Hall with cakes and cookies served by the Guadalupanas (223:12/10/67).

Beginning in 1963, singing the mañanitas on the morning of December 12 became an established tradition at San José Church. The song service began at 5:30AM or 6:00AM and was followed by Mass at 6:00AM or 6:30AM (223:05/12/71) (223:10/12/72) (250:08/12/74). In 1974, a professional company of actors from San Antonio presented a drama called The Miracle of Tepeyac on Dec. 12, 7:30PM in the parish hall. Ballet Infantil of Austin, San Jose Choir and Folk Group from St. Ignatius were also on the program. The program was in Spanish with English narration. Tickets were $2 for adults and $1 for children (250: 08/12/74).

Sometime prior to 1978, the Guadalupanas began to host a reception after the sunrise song service and morning Mass. In 1978, the mañanitas began at 5:30AM followed by Mass at 6:00AM and with a breakfast of sweet bread, chocolate and coffee served after the Mass. At 7:00PM in the evening, there was a procession followed by Mass and a potluck dinner (una comida de plato cubierto) in the parish hall (223:03/12/78). Rey Cortes and the 12AM Choir led the singing at 5:30AM and the Guadalupanas served the food after Mass. The 8:00AM choir sang at the evening Mass. The group Azatlán del Sur (with Mrs. Limón) danced at the evening Mass and at the dinner. The Guadalupanas served the dinner as well as breakfast (223:17/12/78).

In 1981, 1982 and 1983, when December 12 fell on a Saturday, Sunday and Monday respectively, the Diocese of Austin sponsored a city-wide celebration of Our Lady of Guadalupe on Sunday at the Municipal Auditorium (223: 25/10/1981). The diocesan celebration began at 1:30PM in the Coliseum with a procession. Each organization was asked to carry their banners in the procession. Archbishop Patricio Flores presided at Mass at 3:00PM. San Jose provided the choir, directed by Rey Cortes, and the ushers, directed by Sam Guerra (223: 06/12/1981). The pastor said, "Let's have the whole city of Austin see our unity as a community of Faith and our devotion to Our Lady of Guadalupe" (223: 13/12/1981).

The celebration at the Municipal Auditorium did not seem to diminish the mañanitas at San José Church. Since December 12 fell on a Saturday, the pastor called a meeting of parish organizations and prayer groups to plan a longer than usual program for the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe (223: 15/11/1981). That year the mañanitas began at 6:30AM with the Mass at 7:30AM. The Guadalupanas served hot chocolate, coffee and pan dulce after Mass. The program included Children's CCD Mass at 10:00AM on Sunday and a procession, evening Mass then covered dish dinner at 7:00PM on Sunday (223: 22/11/1981). Sister María Navarro organized the event (223: 20/12/1981).

In 1982, there was an attempt to establish the tradition of El Triduo Guadalupano. El Triduo consisted of a service on December 10, a procession and Mass on December 11 and mañanitas followed by Mass and hot chocolate on December 12 (223:05/12/82). In 1982, there was also an event at the City Coliseum for the Virgen of Guadalupe.

In December 1983, the Diocese sponsored a Mass on Sunday at the City Coliseum with choirs and ministers from the six Spanish speaking parishes in Austin. Groups were encouraged to take their banners. At San Jose, Mass followed the mañanitas on Monday morning from 5:00AM to 6:00AM. After Mass, the Guadalupanas served sweet rolls, coffee and hot chocolate in the Community Center (223:11/12/83). Following 7:00PM Mass on Monday, songs and poems were recited followed by a presentation by Ballet Folklorico Infantil of Austin. The Guadalupanas served coffee, punch and sweet bread (223:11/12/83). The Guadalupanas also decorated the Our Lady of Guadalupe Shrine (223:18/12/83).

In December 12, 1984, which fell on a Wednesday, the program for the mañanitas was the same as the previous year when December 12 fell on a Monday, i.e. 5:00-6:00AM mañanitas; 6:00AM Mass followed by sweet rolls, coffee and hot chocolate in the Center after Mass; 7:00PM Mass followed by entertainment and refreshments in the Center after Mass (223:09/12/84). Prior to 1992, tamales were added to the menu (223:06/12/1992). The program continued with minor changes until 2009 except that, in 2009, the Guadalupanas gathered in the grotto to say the Rosary at 4:00PM (233).

In 2014, the Guadalupanas began to sponsor forty-six daily Rosaries beginning on October 28 and continuing until December 12. Each Rosary was given a name, such as Humble Star, based on the forty-six stars depicted on the cloak worn by the Virgin of Guadalupe on the tilma in Mexico City. This was an old tradition that was introduced to San José by Father John Boyko in 2014. The group met at the grotto on Monday to Friday at 4:00PM, in the main church on Saturday and Sunday at 4:00PM or in houses by invitation in evening to say the Rosary (233:10/12/14). The introduction of the forty-six daily Rosaries did not change the other parts of the mañanitas program including the reception after the Mass on December 12 (233). In 2018, the Guadalupanas continued with their program of the forty-six Rosaries.

 

4.16.e

Guadalupanas: Corporate Mass and Meetings

During the 1950s, most fraternal organizations whose membership consisted of San José parishioners attended mass and received Communion together monthly or quarterly. Such an event is called corporate Communion or corporate Mass. Corporate Communion and Mass was an opportunity for the members to sit and pray together in a show of unity and fraternity. The Knights of Columbus, who attend a corporate Mass once every three months, consider the Corporate Communion to be a "powerful sign of our fraternal solidarity" (Holy Spirit Catholic Church, Manhattan, Kansas website).

In 1960, the Guadalupanas, the Catholic War Veterans and the Parent Teacher Association each received Communion as a group on the 2nd Sunday of the month but at different Mass times (223:12/04/60). The corporate Mass of the Guadalupanas was at 8:00AM (223:09/13/70). The men's organization, the Socios of the Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, attended Mass as a group at 8:00AM on the first Sunday of each month because the Constitution of the Socios stipulates that their corporate Mass be on the first Sunday of each month. The Guadalupanas celebrated their corporate Mass on the second Sunday of each month because that Sunday fell nearest the 12th of the month. The 12th day of the month is important to the Guadalupas because the miracle of the tilma took place on the 12th of December, 1531 (209). The contingent of Guadalupanas was so large (between fifty and one hundred women) (223:11/22/64) (223:09/11/66) that the event was referred to as Guadalupana Sunday (223:09/13/70).

Between 1961 and 1969, the monthly meetings of the Guadalupanas were at 2:00PM (223:01/08/61) (223:02/12/61) (223:07/09/61) (223:11/12/61) on the same day as their corporate Mass (223:09/13/70). They met in either the parish hall or the San José School (223:03/12/64). This allowed the Socias to eat breakfast after the 8:00AM Mass (223:01/14/68). In July 1969, the meeting time was changed and the meeting began immediately after the monthly Communion Mass at 8:00AM (223:07/06/69) (223:09/07/69) (223:10/05/69). This may reflect a change in Canon Law that no longer required the faithful to fast from midnight before receiving the Holy Eucharist (Canon 919).

However, the new arrangement did not suit everyone and, by January 1972, the Mass and meeting schedule had returned what it had traditionally been, i.e. the Guadalupanas met at 2:00PM for their monthly meetings (223:16/01/72) (223:06/02/72). By March, that decision had been reversed and thereafter the meetings take place on Guadalupana Sunday beginning at 9:00AM immediately after the 8:00AM Mass (223:12/03/72) (223:07/01/73).

However, the schedule was not inflexible and sometimes the Mass was on the 2nd Sunday and the meeting was on the following Sunday immediately after the 8:00AM Mass (223:11/08/70). Occasionally the meeting was at the priest's house (223:09/13/70) and occasionally special meetings were called (223:11/16/69). The Guadalupanas met monthly although, in 1981, they may have suspended their meetings during the summer months (223:30/08/1981).

Usually, officers for the coming year were elected at the November meeting (223:11/12/67) (223: 12/11/72) and announced to the parish community in December (223:12/03/67). The new officers were installed at the January meeting (223:01/14/68) (223:16/04/72).

The officers usually consisted of a president, a vice president, a secretary, a treasurer, a pro secretary and a pro treasurer (223:11/21/65). Other officials were overseers/celadores and standard bearers/porta-estandartes (223:03/07/65). In 1964, when there were eighty Socias and fifty women attended the monthly meetings, there were four celadores (223:03/07/65). The role of the overseer/celador is to communicate with the members on a monthly basis and to inform the Society of their health and wellbeing. The standard bearer/porta-estandarte carries the banner of the Society in processions and meetings. The Guadalupanas rotate the office of standard bearer/porta-estandarte on a monthly basis.

In March 1973, the Guadalupanas and the Socios had their monthly Mass at the same time at 8:00AM on April 1 (223: 25/03/73). However, for the next three years, the Guadalupanas continued to meet on the 2nd Sunday of each month while their husbands, the Socios, met on the 1st Sunday of each month. Finally, in March 1976, the Guadalupanas announced that the Guadalupana corporate Mass would take place on the first Sunday of each month (223:07/03/76). By October 1978, the change was made permanent (223:30/10/78). They attended corporate Mass alongside the Socios on the first Sunday of the month and met at 9:00AM or 9:30AM immediately following the monthly corporate Mass (223:28/01/79) (223:25/02/79). The Socios continued with their old meeting schedule and met at 11:00AM (223: April 1979 Calendar). The two Societies, the Guadalupanas and the Socios, occasionally met together. In the early 1980s, incoming officers were installed at a ceremony in the Parish Hall and the two societies met jointly for this (223:26/12/82).

In September 1966, the Society enrolled over 100 members for the first time (223:09/11/66). The Guadalupana Society was, for many years, the largest sodality at San José. Typically about one-half of the membership was active in the group's functions. In 2013, the Guadalupanas reported 53 active members, 61 inactive members and 69 deceased members (233).

In 2014, the Society revised its rules and announced that dues paying members receive the following on their death: the right to wear the society's insignia (medalla), the right to display the society's banner at their Rosary and funeral and the expectation that the members of the Society will attend the Rosary and funeral. The dues were set at $5.00 per year (233:03/02/14). The Society continues to be the most active service organization at San José.

The officers serve two-year terms with elections in odd numbered years (233). Often the President will be returned to office for a number of years but the other officers rotate on a regular basis, giving the Society a number of individuals who will eventually take their turn as the President. In 2014, there were nine officers and five celadoras/overseers. The list of persons who carry the banner (porta estandarte) and present a bouquet to the Virgin (bouquet presenters) are scheduled a year in advance (233).


4.16.f

Guadalupanas: Tamaladas

Tamaladas are gatherings at which tamales are assembled. Tamaladas usually take place in preparation for Christmas holiday meals at which tamales are traditionally served as the main dish. In Central Texas, tamaladas are a Mexican cultural tradition. The Guadalupanas of San José have a long tradition of preparing and selling tamales as a fundraiser. The first mention of a tamalada in the San José Sunday Bulletin was in March 19, 1961, when the Bulletin announced, "Tamales by the Guadalupanas for our new statue of San José". This meant the Guadalupanas were selling tamales to raise funds for a new statue of the patron saint of the parish, Saint Joseph (223:03/19/61).

A month later, the Guadalupanas sold tamales to raise money to purchase insignias for themselves and to help pay for the statue. They made $42.69 and planned a second sale on the next Saturday (223:04/16/61). In the fall, the pastor, Rev. Joseph Houser, announced that, "the Guadalupanas would have a tamalada on Saturday to help us buy a deep freeze for the (school) cafeteria" (223:10/22/61). Subsequently, the Guadalupanas contributed $53 towards the purchase of a freezer for the cafeteria (223:11/19/61).

When the parish hosted the annual Hispanic convention (Convencion de las Asociaciones Parroquiales de Habla-Espanol) in 1962, the Guadalupanas prepared meals for the delegates. They raised the necessary funds by selling tamales on the weekends prior to the event (223:01/21/62). The tamales were prepared at home by the Guadalupanas and picked-up by the purchasers at the parish hall (223:02/18/62).

Income from the sale of tamales was not large. A typical sale in the early 1960s might make between $25 and $50 profit (223:02/18/62) (223:10/06/63) despite the enthusiastic backing of the pastor who commented, "The tamales made by them are always very tasty" (223:09/22/63). Two years later, a tamalada might result in a profit of from $80 to $100 (223:02/16/64) (223:03/29/64) (223:12/06/64). The Guadalupanas learned that hot, prepared meals were more profitable than the sale of tamales alone, presumably because most women made tamales at home for their families (223:10/25/64) (223:11/01/64).

The Guadalupanas listened carefully to the pastor when planning their activities. In early December 1964, the pastor asked the Guadalupanas to inquire about the possible purchase of an organ for the church (223:12/06/64). Before the end of the month, the Guadalupanas had raised enough money to present the church with a new organ (223:12/20/64). The new organ was blessed January 10, 1965 (223:01/10/65). The pastor said, "Never underestimate the power of Woman" (223:12/20/64) and, "Thanks to the devotion and sacrifice of the Guadalupanas, San José has a beautiful organ" (223:12/27/64). The Guadalupanas held another tamalada in January to pay for the organ (223:01/24/65) (223:03/07/65).

Sale of tamales was usually restricted to the fall of the year and the Christmas season. When the Guadalupanas sold food during other seasons of the year, tamales were usually not on the menu (223:03/20/66) (223:04/033/66) (223:10/16/66). Sometimes, as in February 1967, there were tamales left over from the Christmas season. That year, the Guadalupanas served a tamale breakfast after each Mass (223:02/05/67). They made and sold over 300 dozens of tamales and earned $260 (223:02/19/67). The income from the February tamale sale was used to pay for new gold-plated insignia medals for each member or Socia (223:04/23/67).

Because of their association with Christmas, the preparation and sale of tamales took place in the last half of the year. On a Saturday in October 1968, the Guadalupanas sold tamales in the parish hall from 10:00AM to 3:00PM "to help us (the church) with some of the "bills"" (223:10/20/68). If they wished to raise money earlier in the year, the Guadalupanas might bake and sell cakes instead (223: 01/26/70) (223:08/02/70). The Guadalupanas sponsored two booths in the May 2, 1976 church bazaar, one selling gifts and plants and the other a game called cherry tree (223:02/05/76). A tamale plate was sold at the bazaar but not by the Guadalupanas (223:09/05/76).

Until 1983, the church bazaar in April or May of each year was the most important parish-wide festival of the year. The first bazaars were on the church grounds but, in the 1950s, the bazaar took place indoors, almost always at the City Auditorium. The City Auditorium was located near the Colorado River, about three miles north of the church. Jamaicas took place out-of-doors, usually in June or July, and were not at first annual events. After the annual bazaars were discontinued in 1982, the Jamaicas became more important. The date of the Jamaica was moved from the summer to the fall, usually September, October or November. As the Jamaica became larger, the Guadalupanas began to emphasize the sale of tamales during the Jamaica as a way to raise money for the church.

After 1982, the Guadalupanas usually prepared and sold tamales before and during the fall fiesta/Jamaica (223:19/09/82). During the 1982 Jamaica, the Guadalupana's gross sales from the tamale sale were $273. In terms of value of sales, tamale booth ranked number seven out of 38 booths (223:31/10/82). The following year, the net profit from the sale of tamales increased by ten times and for many years was the most profitable event at the Jamaica.

In September 1984, the Sunday Bulletin mentioned that the Guadalupanas had been working for many nights to make tamales for the Fall Fiesta (223:02/09/84). The work took place in the kitchen in the Community Center after 5:00PM (223:23/09/84). In July 1985, the President of the Guadalupanas asked anyone who would like to help make tamales for the Fall Fiesta to meet at the Community Center every Wednesday at 6:00PM (223: 14/07/1985). This announcement was in the Sunday Bulletin for about three weeks. The gross sales from the tamales at the 1984 Fiesta were $2,999.50. The Guadalupanas donated the entire sales to the church rather than deducting their expenses as the other booths did. The previous year, 1983, the net profit was $2,076.95 (223: 06/10/1985).

After 1984, the sale of tamales during the annual Jamaica became a tradition. The Guadalupanas sought donations of the ingredients used to make the tamales (223:02/08/1987) or sold tamales (223:09/10/1988) (223:02/12/1990) (223:08/11/1992) (223:06/12/1992) (223:24/12/1993) (223:24/01/1993) or cakes (223:12/04/1992) (223:19/05/1992) (223:02/05/1993) after Mass to raise money to purchase the ingredients. The Guadalupanas also appealed to the parishioners to donate their time to make the tamales. Volunteers were encouraged to gather at the parish hall to help (223: 25/10/1987) (223:24/07/1988) or to leave their contact information with the church office (223:24/07/1988). The tamales were made by hand and a large number of volunteers were needed to do the work (233:07/07/13). In 1990, the President of the Guadalupans, Becky Reyna, offered to teach volunteers how to make tamales as a way to encourage younger women to help (223:01/07/1990) (223:22/07/1990). As recently as 1993, the tamales were sold for $4 per dozen (223:14/02/1993).

In the 2008 tamalada, the Guadalupanas made 640 dozen tamales. They sold 44 dozen to raise money to purchase the ingredients. They ate 21 dozen, gifted 12 dozen to the church staff and set aside 17 dozen to sell at a Bingo Dinner. (The Bingo Dinner was a snack service that accompanied the monthly Friday night bingo games in the San José Community Center. In 2008, each ministry was asked to provide the service at least once annually.) 546 dozen tamales were sold at the Jamaica in 2008 (233).

In 2009, the tamalada was scheduled for Tuesday and Wednesday for three weeks, August 25 & 26, September 1 & 2 and September 8 & 9. That year, the Guadalupana's sponsored five booths at the Jamaica. The booths and gross sales of each were tamales (with sales of $3,803), funnel cakes (with sales of $1,650), plants (with sales of $612), country store (with sales of $273), aguas frescas (with sales of $315). The total sales of the five booths were $6,654.50, all of which was donated to the church (233).

In 2013, the Society voted to buy a machine to make tamales (233). The decision was difficult because it was a break with tradition. After much discussion over many months, three persons, Rosa Acosta, San Juanita López and Rosa Maria Mullins were instructed to travel to Fort Worth to purchase the machine and be trained in its use (233:07/07/13). The schedule for tamale making on Monday and Tuesday was August 5 & 6 and August 12 & 13 (233). In 2013, the Guadalupanas had three booths at the Jamaica: one that sold tamales, one that sold pastries and one that sold plants. The cookies, cakes and pies were made at home and donated (233). So many tamales were left over that in March 2014, the Guadalupana's donated 115 dozen tamales to Casa Marinela, a shelter for homeless immigrants (233).

In 2014, the tamalada schedule was similar to that of the previous year. Volunteers gathered in the kitchen of the Community Center on Sunday evening and then again on Monday and Tuesday on Aug. 3, 4, 5 and August 10, 11, 12. On Sunday evening, beginning at 5:00PM, the meat is cooked and prepared. At 5:00AM the following Monday and Tuesday, the tamales are made and wrapped. The masa was purchased from a supplier already cooked (233). The Guadalupanas made 639 dozen tamales. They sold 76 dozen to purchase the ingredients, gifted 10 dozen to the church staff and sold others on September 16 as a fundraiser. The remainder was sold at the Jamaica (233). On September 16, the Guadalupanas sold take-out meals, one dozen tamales with beans and rice, sufficient to serve four persons for $15 (233:05/18/14). They also set aside tamales to serve, with chocolate, after the mañanitas on December 12 (233).

The schedule for 2015 and 2016 was similar. In 2016, the Guadalupana's met three days a week for three weeks (Sunday, Monday, Tuesday) to make tamales. The goal was to make 500 dozen to sell at Jamaica and 75 dozen for sale elsewhere (233). Once again, they sold a take-out tamale dinner on September 16 as a fundraiser (233).

 

4.17.a

The Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, 1939- 1959

In 1939, prior to the construction of the San José church, several men who were members of the Society of the Sacred Heart at Guadalupe Church organized a similar society at San José church. Soon afterward, their wives formed the Society of the Sacred Heart of Mary (later changed to Society of Our Lady of Guadalupe or Guadalupanas). In 1940, these two organizations in San José church registered 26 and 24 members respectively. Fifteen young women enrolled in a society called Daughters of Mary (Hijas de María) and 20 young people enrolled in their own organization called Young Catholic Men (Juventud Católica). The four organizations included a large proportion of the 320 parishioners from 65 families that were registered in San José Church in 1940. These organizations formed the core group that worked with the Holy Cross Fathers to bring the Catholic faith to Mexican immigrants living south of the Colorado River in what was then the Diocese of San Antonio.

Origins of the Society

The Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús is a pious association or sodality for married men. The origins of the Society at Guadalupe Church in Austin are unknown. In 1940, there were many such societies in Central Texas with the same name. Devotion to the Sacred Heart originated in Spain, was adopted by the Spanish Crown and brought to Mexico by the Jesuits (271). Devotion to the Sacred Heart of either Jesus or Mary is a widespread practice in Latin America (271).

An association of Mexican exiles organized two sodalities at San Fernando Cathedral in San Antonio in August 1925 called Vasallos de Cristo Rey for men and Vasallas de Cristo Rey for women. Their commitment formula was, "For the honor and glory of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, perpetual king of Mexico, I submit myself voluntarily as his vassal...under the mantle of my holiest mother of Guadalupe, queen of the Mexican people". The Sacred Heart of Jesus appeared on one side of the society's member insignia and the Virgin of Guadalupe on the other (269). The Vasallos were an association of Catholic exiles who promoted devotion to Guadalupe as a means of obtaining peace in Mexico during the Cristero War. They were the most conspicuous group in the Guadalupe feast days in San Antonio (269).

The Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón in Texas may have their origins in the Vasallos de Cristo Rey. Mexicans who immigrated to rural Travis County were probably less patriotic and less focused on the Cristero War than the Vasallos of San Antonio. While devotion to the Sacred Heart, "confirmed the value of their language, cultural heritage and religious traditions" (269), they may have wished to tone down the political implications of their societies. The Archbishop of San Antonio may have had something to do with shifting the focus of the societies away from the conflict with the Mexican government and toward devotion to the Sacred Heart. The Reglamento de la Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón used by the Society at San José Church bears the imprimatur of Arthurus J. Drossaerts, Archbishop of San Antonio and is dated May 12, 1934 (198).

Rules of the Society

According to the Reglamento, membership is restricted to married men and single men over 20 years of age. Members are required to attend the Society's corporate Mass on the first Sunday of the month, recite their commitment prayer daily as well as to pray the Lord's Prayer and ten Avemarias. Officers are elected annually and members meet monthly. Members are obligated to attend the funeral and the first anniversary Mass of deceased Socios and to pay dues. The Reglamento specifies that the Society will have a banner and that the members will wear the insignia of the Society at group functions (198).

Founding members

Luís Calderón, Estanislao Calderón and Antonio Castillo formed La Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús in 1939. Luís Calderón was elected the first President and he purchased the Society's banner in Monterrey (3). Rev. Mendez' Annual Report of December 1940 reported 26 Socios in December 1940. Pete Castillo identified the following men as members during the 1940s and 1950s. The date after the name refers to when each man joined the Society.

Bargas, Florecio, 1939

Bargas, Gabriel, 1939

Bargas, Roberto, 1940s

Calderón, Luis 1939

Castillo, Antonio, 1939

Cruz, Antonio 1950s

Estrada, Aurelio, 1940s

Fabián, Carlos, 1939

Fabián, Gregorio, 1939

Fabián, Luis, 1939

Galarza, Genaro 1939

Govea, Benito, 1950s

Guerra, Tony, 1940s

Gutierrez, Gabriel 1939

Loera, Alfredo 1939

Loera, Victor 1939

Macias, Pedro 1939

Moreno, Alfredo, Sr., 1939

Reyna, Salvador or Pampilo, 1939

Rocha, José, 1944

Rocha, Marcelino, 1950s

Rocha, Nicomedes, 1950s

Saenz, Enrique, 1940s

Samilpa, Abran, 1939

Samilpa, Isidro, 1939

Samilpa, Ramón, Sr., father of, 1939

Samipa, Ramón, Sr., 1940s

Sosa, Pila, 1939

Tamayo, Pedro, 1940s

Uruegas, Moreno 1940s, the father of Casimero, Valentin and José

Vasquez, Guadalupe 1950s

Villanueva, Luis, 1939

1940- 1960

The role of the Society in the construction of the various chapels of the Mexican Mission is not clear. The men who built the churches at San José, Creedmoor and Buda were parishioners of San José. José and Gabriel Gutierrez owned a truck that they used to carry the rock used in the buildings. Alfredo Moreno, Aventura Sosa, Luís Calderón and Simón and José Botello were the stonemasons and the altar boys, Chris Sosa, Peter Castillo, Vincente Flores, Henry Bargas and Lula Alva, worked as helpers (9) (14) (211). Most of these men appear on the membership rolls of the Society. José Rocha and Simón Ybarra moved to the neighborhood in 1941 (9). Simon L. Ybarra later moved to San Francisco Church (87). They both were Socios.

There are few written records prior to 1960 so it is difficult to detail precisely what the Society did during those years. They were probably involved in fundraising but there is no evidence of that. Prior to the departure of Fr. Mendez for Notre Dame in 1948, the Archbishop of San Antonio (84) and the Chancery Office (46) repeatedly advised him that, "the faithful are supposed to contribute to the maintenance of the church" (46), implying that they were not. When Rev. Frank Weber, C.S.C., built the rectory for San Jose Parish in 1948, his helpers were other Holy Cross priests or brothers. Several parishioners recall that their fathers helped as well (211).

During the 1950s, Joe Uriegas, Ramon de Leon and Pete Rivera were the Bingo Chairmen (210) when it appears that the Socios sponsored a bingo game in the parish hall at least once every two weeks. The Socios were involved in the construction of the second church (9) (12) (120). Membership rolls and accounts of their involvement with San Jose Parish after 1960 indicate that the Society was active in the parish in the years between 1941 and 1960.


4.17.b

History of the Socios, 1960-1993

La Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús de la Iglesia de San José was organized in 1939. By all accounts, the Socios and the Guadalupanas were the largest and most active of the parish's seven or eight pious associations during the first twenty years of the history of the parish. The early years of the Society, from 1940 to 1960, are described elsewhere. What follows is a detailed record of the activities of the Socios from 1960 until 1993.

1960

As stipulated in its Reglamento, the Society received Communion as a group on the 1st Sunday of the month at the 8:00AM Mass. Their monthly meetings followed at 11:00AM (223:12/04/60).

In 1960, the Socios hosted party games (including Bingo) on two Sundays of each month. The income, $2,633 for the calendar year, was donated to the church (223; 23/12/1962) (223:07/14/63). The Society also worked to spread devotion to the Sacred Heart, especially through the First Fridays Adorations. Their specific task was to provide flowers for Adoration on First Fridays (223:07/14/63). First Friday Adoration took place on the first Friday of each month from 6:15AM in the morning until 7:30PM at night (223:12/11/60). Members of all the sodalities at San José were encouraged participate and to wear their insignia to Mass each First Friday (223:05/28/60). Rev. Houser reminded the Socios, "... of the consoling promises of our Lord to those who receive Holy Communion on nine First Fridays in a row" (223:12/02/62).

1961

The pastor often assigned other tasks to the Socios. The Socios were in charge of parking car during the annual Lenten Mission (223:02/12/61) and organized a procession to celebrate the Feast of Saint Joseph in March (223:03/19/61). In April, Luís Calderón and the Socios were tasked with selling "insignia" to pay for a new statue of San Jose (223:04/02/61) (223:04/09/61) (223:04/16/61).

In April 29, 1962, San Jose Parish hosted the annual Diocesan Hispanic Convention. The Socios volunteered to stage the event. The Guadalupanas were placed in charge of the food (223:01/21/62) and the Catholic War Veterans were in charge of parking cars (223:10/01/61). The Diocesan Convention was a large undertaking and planning began in November of the previous year. The Socios appointed five committees involving a total of 13 men to run the convention. Early meetings involved only the Socios and the Guadalupanas (223:11/05/61) but later meetings involved all the sodalities at San José (223:03/04/62).

In October 1961, Fr. Houser notified the Socios and Guadalupanas that there was to be an Episcopal Solemn High Mass in the City Auditorium and that the Bishop expected twenty men and women from San José wearing their insignia to participate in the procession. He instructed the presidents, Sr. José Maciel and Sra. Benigna Sosa, to give him a list of names of those attending (223:10/22/61).

1962

At the February meeting, the agenda included the Bishop's Crusade for Vocations, the Diocesan Convention and the Parish Dance at City Coliseum for Mardi Gras (223:02/04/62). The Socios were involved in all these events. The Mardi Gras Dance was a joint effort of the Men's Club, the Socios and the San José Post of the Catholic War Veterans. The net profit from the dance was $865 (223:02/25/62) (223:03/11/62).

In April, the Socios shared with the Cursillistas the responsibility of organizing the Holy Thursday Adoration that began at 9:00PM and lasted until 7:00AM the next morning (223:04/15/62). The Cursillos de Cristiandad was new to the Diocese and its parish-level component, the Ultreya, was a welcome addition to the roster of parish sodalities (12).

Fr. Houser asked the Socios and the Catholic War Veterans to handle the San José dance scheduled for July 28 (223:06/03/62). The dance was in the Coliseum with the Alfonso Ramos Orchestra. Houser said, "We want all of our dances to be truly Christian recreation" (223:07/22/62) meaning drunkenness would not be tolerated. Despite this restriction, the dance was a successful fundraiser with expenses of $448.50 and a profit of $1,069.75. "Will the same two groups take charge of the San Jose Dance on August 25th?" asked the parish priest (223:08/05/62). Of course, they agreed to do so. The second dance had a net profit of $995.00 (223:08/05/62).

During 1962, the Socios continued to host a Bingo game twice a month in the parish hall. Every year the parish struggled to make the payment on the loan for the church building. When the parish had set aside enough money to make the next payment, the pastor urged his parishioners to halt their fundraising. In October, the pastor gave the Socios the choice to continue or stop the games for the year. They decided to continue the games because they recognized that the parish relied on the Bingo profits to meet its expenses (223:10/21/62). The men who helped at the Sunday bingo were José Rocha, Jerome Estrada, L. Dalderon, José Maciel, Frutoso Hipolito, Santos Saucedo, Tony Cruz, R. Samilpa, Pete Castillo, Refugio Herrera, Fidercio Aguilar, Agustin Martínez, Fernando Sánchez and Pedro Rivera. They prepared the hall, sold the cards, called the numbers and paid the winners. After the games, they put everything back in its place (223:11/18/62). It took thirty minutes to prepare the hall and twenty minutes to clean up (223:02/03/63).

1963

In 1963, the Society had forty-five members: Refugio Herrera, Jerome Estrada, Frutoso Hipolito, Fernando Sanchez, Fidercio Aguilar, Ben Arismendez, Enrique Acosta, Frank Acosta, Florencio Bargas, Roberto Bargas, Luís Calderón, Estanislado Calderón, Enrique Calderón, Carmen Calderón, Julian Calderón, Manuel Castillo, Ascencion Cardenas, Clemente Cazares, Antonio Cruz, Bonito Govea, Concepcion Gutierrez, Miguel Herrera, Julian Herrera, Julian Isla, Dolores Juarez, Alfredo Loera, Victor Loera, Jose Maciel, Agustin Martinez, Margarito Martinez, Luz Ojeda, Ignacio Perez, Serafin Peña, José Rocha, Nicomedes Rocha, Julian Ramos, Jacinto Ramos, Pedro Rivera, Jose Ramirez, Agustin Rodriguez, Ramon Samilpa, Santos Saucedo, Marcelo Saucedo, Isidro Samilpa, Pedro Tamayo and Ben Vega (223:01/13/63).

In February 23, the Socios helped at all doors and at the ticket office for the Mardi Gras dance on Saturday at the City Coliseum (223:02/10/63) (223:02/17/63). Among the many tasks assigned to the Socios was the repair of church buildings. At the August monthly meeting, the Socios planned work parties for Monday and Tuesday, set up a committee for the 25th Anniversary of the parish, renewed the Rules for use of the Hall and enlarged the hall committee (223:08/04/63). In 1963, the party games earned $4,006.00 for the church. The games ended on December 22 and restarted on January 5 (223:12/22/63)

1964

In February 1964, the Socios installed new lights to illuminate the church parking lot (223:02/23/64) and, in March, delivered boxes of donation envelopes that had not been picked up from the church. Fr. Houser asked the Socios to form a Committee for Vocations. The committee attended meetings of men from other parishes and directed the Bishop's Crusade for Vocations at the parish (223:03/01/64). The 1963 committee was Fernando Sanchez, Jerome Estrada and Refugio Herrera. The new committee was Fernando Sanchez, Jerome Estrada, Refugio Herrera, Frutoso Hipolito, Ben Aresmendez and Roberto Bargas (223:03/08/64).

When the Presidenta of the Guadalupanas, Benigna Sosa, passed away, the Society dedicated a High Mass to her memory and attended the Mass as a group (223:05/10/64). The Reglamento of the Society required an anniversary Mass for deceased Socios (198) and the Socios decided to recognize the bond between the Socios and the Guadalupanas by extending the honor to the deceased president of the Guadalupanas.

In June and August, the pastor made a call for men to help repair one of the parish buildings. "Would volunteers please come on Monday and Tuesday after supper? Bring tools and paint brushes" (223:06/28/64). In August, all men of San Jose were invited to help tile the floor of the school buildings on Friday night at 7:00PM. Fr. Houser said, "the Socios were invited at their meeting on Sunday, the Catholic Veterans on Tuesday and the Ultreya on Wednesday at 8:00PM. The rest of you are invited now. No one is forgotten" (223:08/02/64).

In October, the Socios began selling food in the parish hall as a fundraiser. They sold a barbecue plate for $1 from 10:00AM to 2:00PM on Sunday consisting of chicken, beans, rice and potato salad (223:10/11/64). They earned $105 (223:10/18/64). The next week, they served menudo after each Mass (223:10/18/64) for a net profit of $107 (223:11/01/64). On December 6, they sold menudo and took in $81.25 (223:12/06/64) and on Saturday, December 12, hosted a turkey bingo (party games for turkeys) at 8PM (223:12/06/64). They also approved a plan to send collection envelopes monthly to each family through the mail rather than placing the box of envelopes in the church foyer to be picked up (223:12/08/63) (223:10/04/64).

1965

In 1965, the Socios sponsored major events in February and March. The February event was a Fiesta Grande and a "concursito". The Fiesta Grande consisted of a comedic play followed by dinner and a dance. The "concursito" involved the crowning of a sweetheart. The sweetheart candidates were Brenda Joyco Ramos, Maria Elena Cortez, Carmelita Limon, Sylvia Barrientos and Juanita Huerta (223:02/21/65). The Concursito earned $207.11 and the fiesta earned $51.35 for a total of $258.46 (223:02/28/65). In March, the Socios organized a fiesta and procession to honor the patron saint of the parish, San José (223:03/21/65).

They continued the dinner program begun in 1964. In lieu of their regular meeting at 11:00AM, they served a dinner plate from 11:00AM to 3:00PM (223:06/06/65). Prior to 1970, there were no breakfast groups that sold breakfast after Mass and only occasionally did one of the sodalities sell lunch or dinner in the parish hall to the entire parish community. Most such events were private events open only to invited persons (223:06/07/70).

The party games hosted by the Socios were scheduled for once every two weeks at 8:00PM on Sunday night (223:08/01/65). The profits were typically $100 to $150 per night (223:08/01/65). The Socios decided to host a weekly game beginning on Wednesday, August 18 (223:08/08/65). When this decision was made, the officers of the Society were President- Roberto Bargas; Vice President- Frutoso Hipolito; Secretary- Fernando Sanchez; Pro Secretary- Ben Arismendez; Treasurer- Jose Maciel and Pro Treasurer- Fidencio Aguilar (223:12/08/63). The officers were elected at the December meeting (223:11/26/67) and installed in January.

1966

In March, the Socios were placed in charge of parking cars in the parking lot on Sundays (223:03/27/66). In June, the parish began to plan for the opening of the new San José parochial school building that was scheduled for September 16 (92). Apparently, the Socios were in charge of the celebration. The pastor announced, "All the Faithful of the Parish are invited to join the Socios in celebrating the 16th of September here" (223:06/26/66). When Bishop Riecher came to bless the new school on November 6 (12), the Socios took advantage of the opportunity to sell food. They also found an orchestra that provided the music at the blessing of the new school (223:10/16/66) (223:11/06/66).

The Reglamento of the Society requires that the Socios celebrate Mass for defunct members on the Feast of All Souls in November. At San Jose, the Memorial Mass is celebrated in June on the Feast of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus. On June 12, 1966, the Sunday Bulletin announced, "the Feast of the Sacred Heart is a Feast representing the love of Jesus for us. It is the Feast day of the Socios of Sagrado Corazón. We would like to see all Socios, with insignia, at Mass" (223:06/12/66). The Feast of the Sacred Heart is always on Friday and sometimes falls on the First Friday of the month. Fr. Houser said, "We wish to put in the hands of the Guadalupanas and Socios the spreading of our two big devotions: First Friday and Wednesday Novena Mass (223:01/22/67).

1967

During 1967, the Socios continued to meet in the school building at 11:00AM on the first Sunday of the month (223:08/06/67). Their corporate communion was on the same Sunday at the 8:00AM Mass (223:12/05/67). For the corporate Mass, the Socios gathered at the entrance of the church and processed into the sanctuary with their banner ahead of the officiants. They sat together and took Communion together. The pastor reminded other parishioners to not disrupt the group by cutting into the line.

The Socios managed Bingos games on 8:00PM on Wednesday and 8:00PM on Sunday (223:11/26/67). They sold barbecue plates in February and raised $76 (223:02/19/67). In December the Sunday Bulletin announced that a group of men built a playground for the school consisting of basketball and volleyball standards, swings, see-saw, a chinning bar and a merry-g-round (223:12/03/67).

1968

On January 14, the Socios held a joint meeting with the Guadalupanas to discuss plans to build the San José Community Center. In 1967, the two sodalities donated $9,585.24 to the church. Both Societies donated $3,000 to the school fund and the Socios gave another $3,585.24 from profits from the Bingo games (223:01/21/68). Plans were made to increase their fundraising efforts to help pay for the new parish hall (223:07/07/68).

In April 7, the first Sunday of the month, both Societies had their corporate

Mass at 8:00AM followed by meeting of Socios in the school at 11:00AM and Guadalupanas in the school at 2:00PM (223:04/07/68). The Guadalupanas traditonally had their corporate Mass and meeting on the second Sunday of each month or the Sunday which falls nearest the 12th of the month (209). Beginning in January 1979, the Guadalupanas moved their corporate Communion to the First Sunday of each month with the monthly meeting following immediately afterward in the Community Center (223:28/01/79) (223:25/02/79). This change meant that the two largest sodalities at San Jose attended corporate Communion together and held their monthly meetings at the same time.

On Monday, April 22, 1968, a photographer from La Fuerza newspaper came to the school meeting room at 7:30PM to take pictures of the officers of each society at San José (223:04/21/68).

1969

During 1969, the Socios continued to manage Bingo games on Sunday and Wednesday nights each week. The income from the Bingo was used to pay the debt on the school. In February, the pastor thanked the Socios del Sagrado Corazón who gave $12,465.12 to pay the interest and principal on the school debt (223: 02/02/69). The Socios, led by Fernando Sanchez, were also in charge of the Bingo at the May 4 bazaar. There is no mention of the Socios sponsoring a booth. Frank Castruita was in charge of the raffle and Luís Calderón was in charge of the program booklet (223:04/27/69).

The Socios also sponsored at least two dances during the year. The first was on November 1 in the Community Center with a band called Los Calavelitos (223:10/26/69). The second dance was on Saturday, December 27, with Erasmo Flores Orchestra. The entry price for the dancers was $3 or $3.50 per couple (223:12/21/69).

During 1969, the monthly Communion Day for the Socios was the first Sunday with the meeting following at 11:00AM (following the 10:00AM Mass) in the school building (223:07/06/69) (223:09/07/69) (223:10/05/69).

1970

The first function at the new parish hall was on Saturday, October 11, 1969 (223:10/05/69). It quickly became apparent that the San José Community Center was an ideal location for dances. Several San Jose parish groups, including the Socios, began to sponsor dances in the new Community Center. During 1970 and 1971, fifty four dances were held there. The new building also improved attendance at the party games hosted by the Socios and income from the games increased.

A loan of $80,000 at 4 ½ % was used to finance the construction (213) and the Socios recognized that a large portion of that new burden would fall on them. In January 1970, the Socios donated $10,642.31 to help pay the six-month installment and interest payments on the school and the new hall (223:01/04/70) (223:04/05/70). During 1970, the two Bingos sponsored by the Socios on Monday and Wednesday nights had a total income of $14,383.91. The Socios also sponsored dances that had a total income for the year of $2,705.42 (223:01/03/71). During 1970, the Bingo games and dances managed by the Socios earned enough to pay the principle and interest on the school and hall debt and to purchase CCD books (223:01/31/71).

In 1970, the Socios hosted six or seven dances at the Community Center (223:01/11/70) (223: 02/01/70) (223:06/28/70) (223:07/12/70) (223:08/09/70) (223:09/05/70) (223:11/08/70). The weekly party games continued on Wednesday and the semi-monthly party games on Sunday continued (223:01/03/71). In July, the Socios and Manuel Garcia sponsored a Turkey Benefit Dinner for the parish (223:07/12/70).

In April, delegates from the San José Society attended the annual convention of Spanish speaking people at St. John the Evangelist Church in San Marcos where San José had a float in the parade (223:04/26/70). The Society continued to add new members and in June the Society received three new members (Albert Mercado,Vincent Ortiz and David Laurel) at the 8:00AM Mass. The Mass was followed by breakfast for all Socios in the Community Center (223:06/07/70).

In October, the Socios changed their meeting schedule. For the next six months, the meetings took place immediately after the 8:00AM Mass. The meetings were in the Community Center (223:10/04/70) (223:11/01/70).

1971

In 1971, José Rocha and Gonzalo Reyna ran the Monday and Wednesday night Bingo games (223:06/06/71). The PTA ran Bingo games on Friday. Income from the three Bingo games surpassed the Sunday Collection. Income from Bingo in May totaled $3,417. By comparison, the five Sunday Collections in May came to a total of $2,617 (223:06/06/71). During the year, profits from the Monday and Wednesday Bingo games were used to pay $11,467.50 on the school debt and $14,026.25 on the Community Center debt (223: 13/02/72).

In March, the schedule of the Society reverted back to Mass was at 8:00AM on the first Sunday of each month with the meeting at the school at 11:00AM (223: 03/10/71). In July, the Socios donated $500 to purchase a new station wagon for the parish (223: 08/01/71).

1972

The Socios continued to sponsor dances at the Community Center but less frequently. Much of their available time was occupied by the Bingo games on Monday and Wednesday nights (223: 16/01/72). They also managed the Bingo games at the annual bazaar in May. The income from that game was $482 (223: 21/05/72).

During 1972, the Socios donated $11,197.50 toward the interest and principal on the school debt; $13,641.25 toward the interest and principal on the hall debt and $1,000.00 to cover general expenses of the parish. Most of this money came from the Monday and Wednesday Bingo games.

1973

On January 7, the Guadalupana's served dinner for the Socios from 5PM to 7PM on Sunday, finishing in time to prepare for the Bingo game that began at 8PM (223: 07/01/73). The next Saturday, the Socios sponsored a dance in the Community Center with El Flaco Jimenez. Tickets were $3 per person (223: 07/01/73).

The Socios ran the Bingo games at the annual bazaar in the spring and made $421.47 (223: 01/07/73). In September, they helped repair the Youth Center and the Convent. Both structures were World War Two-era wooden buildings and needed major repairs. The crew that worked on the repairs included Geronimo Estrada, Julian Lopez, Roger Ybarra, Alfredo Botello, Rufas Vasquez and Roger Gonzalez (248: 02/10/73).

At the end of 1973, the Bingo workers included José Rocha, Gonzalo Reyna, Pete Tamayo and Ray and Aggie Castro (249:11/11/73).

1974

Little mention was made of the Socios in the Sunday Bulletin during 1974 except that they elected officers on Sunday, Nov. 24, 2-4PM in the school. The president was L. Hernandez (250: 17/11/74). The twice weekly Bingo games continued and the Socios must have sponsored at least some of the eight dances that took place in the Community Center during the year. The Socios were always heavily involved in the church bazaar in May and usually sponsored the Bingo games and a booth selling beer (223:18/05/75).

1975

Planning for the annual bazaar began in February (223:16/02/75). As usual, the Socios were placed in leadership roles in the Bazaar Committee. In March, they sold barbecue after 8:00AM, 10:00AM and 12:00 Noon Masses at $1.50 per plate to raise seed money for the bazaar. They were also seeking donations for gift items for use at the bazaar as Bingo Prizes (223:09/03/75). In addition to running the games at the bazaar, the Socios raised $382 for the bazaar with a dinner and dance (223:18/05/75). The Guadalupanas, under the leadership of Francis Treviño, sponsored a procession and a Rosary every Sunday at 7PM during the month of May (223:11/05/75).

In July, the Socios served a barbecue dinner after the 8:00AM, 10:00AM and 12:00 Noon Mass with potato salad, beans, drink, etc. for $1.50. The dinner was a fundraiser for the church renovation project that was just getting started (223:13/07/75). On Sunday, October 19, the Socios called a special meeting of all members at 11:00AM in the school (223:19/110/75), perhaps to discuss the upcoming visit of Bishop Mendez. The program of the 35th Anniversary celebration had this to say about the Sociedad Del Sagrado Corazón De Jesús. "Our Socios began in the tiny chapel of the Sisters on Johanna Street in 1939 and there began the planning for the mission of San José on West Mary Street. Over the years, these men have led our parish in religious, educational and social activities. They have worked closely with all our pastors, devoting their efforts to sponsorship of games, barbecues and Jamaicas" (209).

1976

Between July 1975 and July 1976, San Jose Church had three different pastors (223:14/12/75) (223:11/07/76). The interim pastor, Rev. Lawrence Bauer, had only a few months to become acquainted with the parish before he was replaced by Rev. John Korscmar, C.S.C. (223:27/06/76). The parish administrator, Fr. Bauer, set a meeting on March 8, after the Monday night Bingo games, to meet with the Parish Council and the bingo group. He said that in the last four months he met with Parish Council once and had not yet met with Bingo group (223:07/03/76).

In April, the Socios served food after all Masses on the church grounds to raise money for the spring Bazaar (223:24/04/76). The Socios also sponsored the Bingo games at the bazaar on May 2 (223:02/05/76).

In June, the Society of the Sacred Heart at Guadalupe Church in Austin invited all members of the Society to celebrate the Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. The event ended with a Solemn High Mass followed by supper at the Parish Hall (223:20/06/76). This event probably celebrated an anniversary of the founding of the Society at Guadalupe Church. In 1976, Sociedades del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús existed in at least six Central Texas parishes (13).

The Socios at San Jose also managed the Bingo game at the annual spring Bazaar. In 1976, the Bingo games run by the Socios had the largest net profit ($583) of any booth at the spring Bazaar (223:09/05/76).

1977

In 1977, the Socios and the San Jose School PTA were running Bingo games three nights each week at the San José Community Center. Even though the games were illegal, the parish had become reliant on the income from the party games to pay the principal and interest on the loans used to finance the San Jose School and the San Jose Community Center.

On Wednesday, October 26, 1977, a lawyer named Madalyn Murray O'Hair and her companion, Sam Miller, entered the San Jose Community Center and disrupted the Wednesday night Bingo game. Ray Martinez, who was helping with the games that night, said she rushed in, "grabbing bingo cards, pushing and shaving people, (while) a man who was with her (Sam Miller) started punching people". Ray and other men pushed O'Hair and her companion out of the Community Center and called the Austin police. Mrs. O'Hair filed a federal law suit seeking punitive damages against State and County officials for not enforcing antigambling laws. In June 1978, a U.S. District Judge dismissed the case (251) but the games at San Jose came to an end.

1978

In September 1978, the Socios met on Tuesday at 8PM in the school to share their thoughts on the readings from the Sunday Mass (223:10/09/76). This was the regular meeting of the Socios (223:17/09/78). The program was to discuss the Gospel reading from the previous Sunday (223: 30/09/78).

Sometime after 1939, Luís Z. Calderón, who was the leader of the Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús at San Jose for many years, was given charge of the María De La Luz Mexican Cemetery. The circumstances of how the Socios at San Jose assumed this responsibility are not known. The San José Socios maintained the cemetery until at least 1986. For several years prior to 1986, José Herrera, a member of the Society at San José, had custody of the cemetery book and map on behalf of the Socios.

In October 1978, the Socios cleaned up La Luz Cemetery to get it ready for Mass on All Soul's Day. They started at 9AM. Food and refreshments were provided (223:08/10/78). The Pastor wrote, "In years past, we have had a Mass on All Souls Day at La Luz Cemetery and we will again this year". The Mass began at 6:30PM at around sunset (223:22/10/78). Parishioners were advised to bring a light.

The Socios sold hamburgers at the Fall Fiesta on November 12 and made a profit of $30.00 (223:19/11/78). Their booth was one of 17 booths at the fall festival. The raffle was the largest moneymaker ($1,220) followed by a turkey dinner that netted $518 (223:19/11/78). (223:26/11/78). Two years later, the Socios operated two booths at the November 1 Fall Fiesta: Beer and Nachos (223: 01/11/1981). Someone else was assigned to prepare and sell hamburgers.

1979-1980

The Socios elected new officers at the December or January meeting (223:07/01/79). They met in the school at 11AM on the First Sunday of each month (223:28/01/79) (223:25/02/79). Freed of the responsibility of running party games two nights each week, the Socios focused on other activities. They became more involved with the Fall Fiesta (223:20/09/1981) (223: 01/11/1981).

1981

During 1981, Enrique Saenz was the President of the Socios (223:07/06/1981). The Socios met at 9:45AM in the school on the second Sunday of each month (223:09/08/1981) (223:06/09/1981) (223: 01/11/1981). The Society sponsored a candidate for King or Queen of the Fall Fiesta that was held on Sunday, November 1 on the San Jose grounds (223:20/09/1981) and operated two booths selling beer and nachos (223: 01/11/1981).

1982

In 1982, José Jimenez was the president of the Socios Del Sagrado Corazón (223:27/06/82). The Socios changed their meeting times back to the first Sunday at 10AM (223:06/06/82). The pastor, Fr. John Korcsmar, urged all adults to join the Socios, Guadalupanas or the Catholic Adult Organization (223:08/08/82).

The Socios and Mr. Lawrence Salas sponsored the kick-off event for the San José Fall Fiesta at a dance on August 28. Lefty Lopez provided the music and tickets were $7 at the door or $5 in advance. Tacos, nachos, set ups and beer were available at the dance. Victor Balderas, a San José Choir Director and popular DJ, was the master of ceremonies. The Socios sponsored two booths at the Fall Fiesta in September, selling beer and hosting a Cooking of Menudo Contest (223:19/09/82). The beer booth had the highest sales of all 38 booths with sales of $1,103. The income from the menudo cooking contest sales were $21 (223:31/10/82).

1983

New officers for the Socios and the Guadalupanas were installed on January 9 at the same Mass (223:26/12/82). The new officers of the Socios were: José Jiménez, President; Enrique L. Saenz, Vice-president; Raymond Castro, Secretario; Mack Carmona, Pro-Secretario; Greg Trejo, Tesorero; Juán Flores, Pro-Tesorero; José Rocha, Celador; Daniel Acuña, Celador and Domingo Lugo, Parlamentario (223:30/01/83).

In March, the Socios helped Benito Govea Sr. cut tree branches so they could be hauled away. Mr. Govea had a truck that he used whenever he could. The Socios provided breakfast for 95 people who donated blood during the blood drive sponsored by the church (223:13/03/83). The drive took place over two weeks in March (223:13/03/83).

The bylaws of the Society require the Socios to attend Mass on the Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. The Feast usually falls in June but, for some reason, this Mass was celebrated on Saturday, May 7 in 1983 (223:01/05/83). The next day, the Sunday Bulletin announced that Enrique Saenz supervised the dumping and leveling of 100 loads of topsoil (valued at $40 a load) on the church grounds but there was no mention of who paid for the topsoil except that it was donated (223:08/05/83). The area next to the Rectory was filled and leveled and topsoil was spread over the church lawn where it was bare and low. The Socios volunteered to plant grass there although it was heavily shaded. José Álvares donated the bulldozer work.

In the same edition of the Sunday Bulletin, the pastor wrote, "Para embellezer mas a nuestro terreno, ultimamente se les extiendo un cordial invitacion a todos los demas hombres de San Jose a ingresar a esta sociedad y participar en el crecimiento de la parroquia como tambien en la vida espiritual". There was no indication that this referred to the Socios but was printed in the same bulletin that described the work of leveling the grounds (223:08/05/83). The Socios in 1983 and continuing to the present day conducts its business in Spanish.

1984

Nueva Mesa Directiva de Los Socios Para 1984 y 1985; Presidente Juán Flores, Vice Presidente Paul Martinez, Secretario José Jiménez, Pro Secretario Robert Martinez, Tesorero Luis Martinez, Pro Tesorero Ray Castro, Parlamentario Jesse Hernandez, Parlamentario Alsonso López, Celadores- Greg Trejo, Enrique L. Saenz (223:January 1984).

The March 11 edition of the Sunday bulletin announced a benefit dinner for Joe Rocha and John Riojas Sr. without further explanation (223:11/03/84). The benefit dinner was sponsored by the Socio and the Guadalupanas and raised $476 for the medical bills of the two men (223:25/03/84). Joe Rocha was in the hospital (223:08/04/84). A note from John Riojas appeared in the Sunday Bulletin thanking the Socios, Guadalupanas and parishioners of San José for their help (223:15/04/84). Later another note thanked Juan Flores and the Socios for the fundraising dinner and Mr. Aurelio Estrada for his monetary donation toward José Rocha's medical bills (223:20/05/84). José Rocha, who with Luís Calderón, had managed the Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús at San José since the 1940s, died in August (223: 25/08/1985). Luís Calderón had moved to Montopolis in 1969 and died in 1979. The passing of Luís Calderón and José Rocha marked the end of an era for the Society from which it never recovered.

In July, the Socios sold a barbecue chicken plate in the Community Center to benefit Frank Acosta (223:01/07/84) and in late July a benefit dance was held to raise money to help John Riojas (223:22/07/84). In 1984, the Guadalupanas and Socios led the prayers at First Friday Adoration for one hour on a rotating basis with four other parish sodalities (223:01/07/84).

1985

In 1985, the Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus was Friday, June 14. The Mass intention was for the Sacred Heart Society. The Promises of Our Lord to Blessed Margaret Mary in favor of those devoted to his Sacred Heart were printed in the Sunday Bulletin (223: 09/06/1985).

In 1985, the Socios sponsored two dances. One, in August, was in association with the 8:00AM Choir (223: 28/07/1985). The other was in December when the Socios

sponsored a dance with Rubern Perez y Los Cinco Reyes y Los Farolitos in the Community Center from 8:00PM to 1:00AM. Tickets were $4 pre-sale and $6 at the door (223: 01/12/1985).

1986

The Socios had a work day at the church in March to cut down a tree and trim others (223; 02/03/1986). The trees in question were ancient live oaks that today would be considered "heritage trees" and would require a permit from the City to cut. Greg Trejo and the Socios repaired the air conditioner at Fr. Joe's Place (the Old Convent) repaired the church pick-up truck, the beer box and the large refrigerator at the Community Center (223: 31/08/1968).

In November, the pastor installed two new members, Miguel Velarde and Lorenzo Rodriguez (223:09/11/1986) and, in December, officers for 1987 were elected. The new officers were Greg Trejo, Presidente; John Rivera, Vice-Presidente; José Jiménez, Secretario; Juán Flores, Tesorero; Daniel Acuña, Celador; Domingo Lugo, Banner Bearer/Abanderado (223:14/12/1986).

1987

During February 1987, Greg Trejo and the Socios built a fenced-in storage area near the Community Center for storage of building materials for the new (third) church (223:22/02/1987). The officers for 1988 were elected in the December meeting. They were John Rivera, President; Daniel Acuña, Vice President; Juan Flores, Treasurer; Tom Longoria, Secretary; Miguel Velarde, Banner Bearer/Abanderado; Enrique Saenz, Advisor and Deacon Alfredo Vasquez, Chaplain (223: 13/12/1987).

1988

In June, Greg Trejo and the Socios spread dirt on the lawn beside the old church in an attempt to get the grass to grow there (223:19/06/1988). In June 1988, the Socios announced a new mesa directive. The President and Vice-President were replaced by Paul Martinez, Presidente and Robert Martinez, Vice-Presidente. The other officers retained their offices, i.e. Tomas Longoria, Secretario; Juán Flores, Tesorero; Consejeros- Henry (Enrique) Saenz, José Jiménez, Gregorio (Greg) Trejo. Billy Nichols was received as a new member and Isabel Pérez was reinstated as a member.

The pastor used this opportunity to try to recruit new members to strengthen the sodality. He wrote, "La Sociedad se dedica al servicio de la parroquia, tanto materialmente como espiritualmente. Estan dispuestos a server en lo que el sacerdote les pida. La mesa directive les hace una cordial invitacion a que ingresen a esta noble sociedad tanto a nuevos miembros como antiguos que se ha retirado por un motivo o otro" (223:26/06/1988).

During 1988, the parish was struggling to pay for the new church and most sodalities sponsored fundraisers for the church, In September, the Socios sold a barbecue lunch and donated the profits ($248.90) to the church. On September 25, the Socios sold a Crispy Taco Plate of two tacos, beans, rice and tea for $3 after the 11:00AM and 12:30PM Masses (223:25/09/1988).

1990

The Socios rotated with four other groups to serve breakfast after the first two Masses. If no lunch was served, the breakfast group served breakfast after the first three Masses (223) (223:01/04/1990) (223:04/11/1990).

The Socios purchased a barbecue pit that they kept under the porch of the parish hall. Someone stole the barbecue pit and the pastor urged the thief (he used the word "borrower") to bring it back. The announcement appeared in Spanish and English (223:02/09/1990). The appeal was repeated in September and November (223:04/11/1990) probably without success. Any item stored out-of-doors risked being stolen by young men living in the neighborhood.

1991

The Socios rotated with three other groups (Chico Govea and crew, S.A.U.V.E. Youth Group and the Guadalupanas) to serve breakfast after the first two Masses during 1991. The Socios and their wives who performed this service included Manuel Castillo, Julian Gutierrez, Elias Rangel, Jose Jimenez, Richard Galvan, Alfredo Rangel, Greg Trejo, Lorenzo Rodriguez, Gloria Vasquez and Jesus Gutierrez.

The officers for 1992 were Luis Martinez, President; Lorenzo Rodriguez, VP; Greg Trejo, Treasurer and Jose Jimenez, Secretary (223:29/12/1991).

1992-1993

The Sociedad del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús was not mentioned in the Sunday Bulletins of 1992 or 1993. The older generation of leaders had passed away without raising up a new generation of leaders. Deacon Richard Botello revived the organization by recruiting members of the Knights of Columbus. The new group began meeting in the KOC Hall sometime during 1994.